The ministry of John the Baptist – The Lord’s baptism
1The beginning of the Good News of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. 2As it is written in the prophets:
Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way before you. (Malachi 3:1)
3The voice of one crying in the wilderness, ‘Make ready the way of the Lord. Make his paths straight. (Isaiah 40:3)
4John came baptizing in the wilderness and preaching the baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. 5All the country of Judea and all those from Jerusalem went out to him. They were baptized by John in the Jordan river, confessing their sins. 6John was clothed with camel’s hair, a leather belt around his waist, and he ate locusts and wild honey. 7He preached, saying, “He who comes after me is more powerful than I, and I am not worthy to kneel down and untie the strap of his sandals. 8I baptized you in water, but he will baptize you in the Holy Spirit.”
9It happened, in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and he was baptized by John in the Jordan. 10Immediately coming up from the water, he saw the heavens torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove. 11A voice came out of the heavens, “You are my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased.”
The temptation in the desert – Ministry in Galilee – The first four disciples
12At once, the Spirit drove him out into the desert. 13He was there, in the desert for forty days, being tempted by Satan. He was with the wild animals and the angels were ministering to him.
14Now, after John had been arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the Good News of the Kingdom of God, 15and saying, “The time is fulfilled. The Kingdom of God is at hand. Repent and believe in the Good News.”
16Passing along by the sea of Galilee, Jesus saw Simon and Andrew his brother casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen. 17Jesus said to them, “Come after me, and I will make you fishers of men.”
18Immediately, they left their nets and followed him. 19Going on a little further from there, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who were also in a boat, mending the nets. 20At once, he called them, and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired servants, and they began to follow him. 21They went into Capernaum, and on the Sabbath day, Jesus entered into the synagogue and taught. 22The people were astonished at his teaching because he taught them as having authority, not like the scribes. 23Just then, there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit who cried out, 24“Away. What do we have to do with you, Jesus, you Nazarene? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are: the Holy One of God.”
25Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet, and come out of him.”
26The unclean spirit, convulsing the man and crying with a loud voice, came out of him. 27The people were all so amazed that they asked each other, “What is this? A new teaching? For with authority he commands even the unclean spirits, and they obey him.” 28The news about him went out immediately everywhere into the entire region of Galilee and its surrounding area.
The healing of Peter’s mother in law – Other healings
29As soon as they left the synagogue, they came into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John. 30Now, Simon’s mother-in-law lay ill with a fever, and immediately, they told him about her. 31Jesus came, took her by the hand, and raised her up. The fever left her and she began to serve them. 32At evening, when the sun had set, they brought him all who were ill or possessed by demons. 33The entire city was gathered at the door. 34He healed many who were afflicted with various diseases and cast out many demons. However, he did not allow the demons to speak because they knew him.
35Early in the morning, while it was still dark, Jesus arose, left the house, went out into a deserted place and prayed there. 36Simon and those with him followed Jesus. 37When they found him, they told him, “Everyone is looking for you.”
38He replied, “Let us go somewhere else, into the next towns, so that I may preach there also, for this is why I came.” 39He went into their synagogues throughout all of Galilee, preaching and casting out demons.
The healing of a leper
40A leper came to him, begging to him, kneeling down before him, and saying, “If you want to, you can make me clean.”
41Being moved with compassion, Jesus stretched out his hand, touched the man, and said to him, “I want to. Be made clean.” 42When Jesus said this, the leprosy immediately departed from the leper and he was made clean. 43Jesus strictly warned him, and sent him out at once, 44saying, “See that you do not say anything to anyone, but go and show yourself to the priest. Offer for your cleansing what Moses instructed, as a testimony to them.”
45However, the man went off and began to proclaim it freely and to spread news about this matter, so that Jesus could no longer enter into a city openly. Instead, he remained outside in deserted places and people came to him from everywhere.
The healing of a paralytic
1After some time, when Jesus returned to Capernaum, it was heard that he was in the house. 2Immediately, many people gathered so that there was no more room, not even around the door. As Jesus was preaching the word to them, 3four men came, carrying a paralytic to him. 4Since they could not come near Jesus because of the crowd, they removed the roof where he was. When they had broken it up, they let down the mat which the paralytic was lying on. 5Seeing their faith, Jesus said to the paralytic, “Son, your sins are forgiven you.”
6But there were some of the scribes sitting there, and they reasoned in their hearts, 7“Why does this man speak blasphemies like that? Who can forgive sins except God alone?”
8Immediately, Jesus perceived in his spirit that they were reasoning within themselves in this way. He asked them, “Why do you reason these things in your hearts? 9Which is easier, to tell the paralytic, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Arise, take up your bed, and walk?’ 10But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins” – he said to the paralytic – 11“I tell you, arise, take up your mat, and go to your house.”
12The man arose, and at once took up the mat, and went out in front of everyone. The people were all amazed and glorified God, saying, “We have never seen anything like this.”
The calling of Levi (Matthew) – About fasting
13Jesus went out again by the seaside. The crowd came to him and he taught them. 14As Jesus was passing by, he saw Levi, the son of Alphaeus, sitting at the tax office, and he said to him, “Follow me.” And Levi arose and followed Jesus.
15It then happened that Jesus was reclining at the table in Levi’s house, and many tax collectors and sinners sat down with Jesus and his disciples, for there were many, and they followed him. 16The scribes and the Pharisees, when they saw that Jesus was eating with sinners and tax collectors, said to his disciples, “Why is it that he eats and drinks with tax collectors and sinners?”
17When Jesus heard it, he replied to them, “Those who are healthy have no need for a physician, but those who are ill do. I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.”
18John’s disciples and the Pharisees were fasting, and they came to ask him, “Why do John’s disciples and the disciples of the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not?”
19Jesus told them, “Can the friends of the bridegroom fast while the bridegroom is with them? As long as they have the bridegroom with them, they cannot fast. 20But the days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them, and then, they will fast in that day. 21No one sews a piece of new cloth on an old garment, or else the patch shrinks and tears away from the old, and a worse hole is made. 22No one puts new wine into old wineskins, or else the new wine will burst the skins, the wine will pour out and the skins will be destroyed. Instead, new wine is put into fresh wineskins.”
Plucking grains on the Sabbath – The Lord of the Sabbath
23Now, it happened that he was going on the Sabbath day through the field of grain, and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck some heads of grain. 24The Pharisees asked Jesus, “Behold, why do they do what is not lawful on the Sabbath day?”
25Jesus replied, “Have you never read what David and those with him did, when he had need and was hungry? 26How he entered into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and ate the bread of the presence, which is not lawful except for the priests to eat, and also gave it to those who were with him?” 27Jesus said to them, “The Sabbath was made for humankind, not humankind for the Sabbath. 28Therefore, the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath.”
The healing of a man with a withered hand – Other healings
1Again, Jesus entered into the synagogue, and there was a man who had a withered hand. 2The Pharisees were watching Jesus to see if he would heal the man on the Sabbath day, so that they might accuse him. 3Jesus said to the man who had his hand withered, “Stand up.” 4He then said to those who were watching, “Is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath day, or to do harm? Is it lawful to save a life or to kill?” But they remained silent. 5After looking around at them with anger and being grieved at the hardening of their hearts, Jesus said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” The man stretched it out, and his hand was restored as healthy as the other. 6The Pharisees went out and immediately began to conspire with the Herodians against Jesus, how they might get rid of him. 7Jesus withdrew to the sea with his disciples, and a great crowd followed him from Galilee, Judea, 8Jerusalem, Idumaea beyond the Jordan, and also from around Tyre and Sidon. Hearing what great things Jesus was doing, a great multitude of people came to him. 9Jesus instructed his disciples to have a little boat stay near him because of the crowd, so that they would not press on him. 10For he had healed many people, so that as many as had diseases pressed on him in order to touch him. 11The unclean spirits, whenever they saw him, fell down before him and cried, “You are the Son of God.” 12He sternly warned them that they should not make him known.
The commission of the Twelve
13Jesus went up into the mountain and called to himself those he wanted and they came to him. 14He appointed twelve to be with him, to send them out to preach, 15and to have authority to heal illnesses and to cast out demons. 16Simon, to whom he gave the name Peter; 17James the son of Zebedee and John, the brother of James, to whom he gave the name Boanerges which means ‘Sons of Thunder;’ 18Andrew; Philip; Bartholomew; Matthew; Thomas; James, the son of Alphaeus; Thaddaeus; Simon the Zealot; 19and Judas Iscariot, who was to betray him.
Jesus returned home and 20again, the crowd assembled, so much that they could not even eat bread.
The Lord accused of casting out demons by Satan – The unforgivable sin
21When his own people heard it, they came to take charge of him, saying, “He is insane.” 22The scribes who came down from Jerusalem said, “He is possessed by Beelzebul,” and, “He is casting out demons by the prince of the demons.”
23Jesus called them and spoke to them in parables, “How can Satan cast out Satan? 24If a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand. 25If a house is divided against itself, that house cannot stand. 26If Satan has risen up against himself and is divided, he cannot stand, but is finished. 27But no one can enter into the house of a strong man in order to plunder it, unless he first binds the strong man. Then he will plunder his house. 28Amen, all human sins will be forgiven, and all the blasphemies ever uttered; 29but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit never has forgiveness, but is guilty of an eternal sin.” 30He said this because they had said, “He has an unclean spirit.”
The Lord’s true family
31His mother and his brothers came and, standing outside, sent in a message asking for him. 32A large group was sitting around him, and they told him, “Behold, your mother and your brothers are standing outside, looking for you.”
33He answered them, “Who are my mother and my brothers?” 34Looking around at those who sat around him, he said, “Behold, my mother and my brothers. 35For whoever does the will of God is my brother, and my sister, and mother.”
The parable of the sower – About the use of parables
1Again he began to teach by the seaside. A great crowd was gathered close to him, so that he got into a boat in the lake and sat down while the people were on the shore. 2He taught them many things in parables, saying, 3“Listen. A farmer went out to sow. 4As he sowed, some seed fell by the road and the birds came and devoured it. 5Others fell on the rocky ground where it had little soil and it sprang up right away. Because the soil was shallow, 6when the sun came, it was scorched; and since it had no root, it withered away. 7Others fell among the thorns, and the thorns grew up, choked it and it produced no fruit. 8Others fell into the good ground and produced fruit, growing up and increasing, some multiplying thirty times, some sixty times, and some a hundred times.” 9Then Jesus said, “Anyone who has ears for listening should listen.”
10When he was alone, those who were around him together with the Twelve asked him about the parables. 11Jesus told them, “The mystery of the Kingdom of God is given to you, but to those who are outside, everything comes in parables, 12so that
seeing they may see, and not perceive;
and hearing they may hear, and not understand;
otherwise they might repent and be forgiven.” (Isaiah 6:9-10)
13Jesus asked them, “Do you not understand this parable? How then will you understand all the parables? 14The farmer sows the word. 15Some people are like the seed sowed by the edge of the road where the word is sown. As soon as they have heard, Satan comes and takes away the word which had been sown in them. 16Likewise, those who are sown on the rocky places are those who receive the word with joy as soon as they hear it. 17But they have no root in themselves and only last for a short while. When oppression or persecution comes because of the word, they immediately stumble. 18Others are those who are sown among the thorns. These are people who have heard the word, 19but the worries of this age, the deceit of wealth, and the desire to possess things enter in and choke the word. Thus, it produces no fruit. 20The seeds which were sown on the good ground are those who hear the word, accept it, and bear fruit. Some multiply thirty times, some sixty, and some a hundred times.”
The example of the lamp – Nothing hidden
21Jesus said to them, “Is a lamp brought in to be placed under a basket or under a bed? Is it not placed on a stand? 22For there is nothing hidden that should not be revealed, and nothing was made secret that should not come to light. 23Anyone who has ears for listening should listen.”
24He also told them, “Pay attention to what you hear. With whatever measure you measure, it will be measured to you, and more will be given to those who hear. 25For whoever has will receive even more, but to the one who does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him.”
The parable of the growing seed – The mustard seed
26Jesus said, “The Kingdom of God is as if a man would scatter seed on the ground, 27and then go to sleep. Night and day, whether he sleeps or rises, the seed springs up and grows, even if he does not know how. 28For the earth bears fruit: first the blade comes, then the head, then the full grain in the head. 29But when the fruit is ripe, at once the man pulls out his sickle, because the harvest has come.”
30Jesus said, “What can we compare the Kingdom of God to? Or with what parable will we illustrate it? 31It is like a grain of mustard seed sown in the ground. Even though it is smaller than all the seeds on earth, 32when it is sown and grows up, it becomes greater than all garden plants. It puts out great branches and the birds of the sky can find shelter under its shade.”
33Using many parables like these, he spoke the word to the people, as much as they were able to hear it. 34He would not speak to them except in parables, but to his own disciples, he explained everything in private.
The calming of the storm
35That day, when evening came, Jesus said to them, “Let us cross over to the other side.” 36Leaving the crowd behind, his disciples took him with them in the boat, just as he was; and there were also other small boats with him. 37A great wind storm arose, and the waves beat into the boat, so much that the boat was already filling. 38But Jesus was in the stern, asleep on the cushion. They woke him up and told him, “Teacher, do you not care that we are perishing?”
39Jesus awoke and rebuked the wind, saying to the sea, “Peace. Be still.” The wind ceased, and there was a great calm. 40He then asked his disciples, “Why are you so afraid? How is it that you have no faith?”
41They were greatly afraid and said to one another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?”
The healing of the demoniac – The demons (legion) sent in the pigs
1They arrived on the other side of the sea, into the country of the Gadarenes. 2As soon as Jesus came out of the boat, a man with an unclean spirit met him out of the tombs. 3This man lived in the tombs and no one was able to bind him, not even with chains. 4He had often been chained hand and foot but had torn the chains apart and broken the foot- shackles in pieces. Indeed, nobody had the strength to control him. 5Night and day, he remained in the tombs and the mountains, howling and cutting himself with stones. 6When this man saw Jesus from afar, he ran and bowed down to him. 7He cried out with a loud voice, “What have I to do with you, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? By God’s Name, do not torment me.” 8For Jesus had just said to him, “Come out of the man, you unclean spirit.”
9Jesus asked him, “What is your name?”
He answered, “My name is Legion, for we are many.” 10He implored Jesus not to expel them from the earth. 11Now, there was a great herd of pigs feeding on the mountainside. 12All the demons begged him, saying, “Send us into the pigs, so that we may enter into them.” 13At once, Jesus gave them permission. The unclean spirits came out and entered into the pigs. The herd of about two thousand rushed down the steep bank into the sea, and they were drowned in the sea. 14Those who fed them ran away and told the story in the town and countryside.
The people then came to see what had taken place. 15They came to Jesus and saw the man who had been possessed by demons sitting, clothed, and in his right mind. This was the very man who had the legion, and they were afraid. 16The eyewitnesses reported to them what had happened to the man who was possessed by demons and to the pigs. 17Then, they began to beg Jesus to leave their region.
18As Jesus was entering into the boat, the man who had been possessed by demons begged to be allowed to stay with him. 19But Jesus did not allow him, saying to him, “Go to your house, to your friends, and tell them what great things the Lord has done for you, and how he had mercy on you.”
20The man went off on his way, and began to proclaim in Decapolis how Jesus had done great things for him, and everyone was amazed.
Jairus’ daughter is raised – The healing of the woman with the issue of blood
21When Jesus had crossed back over in the boat to the other side, a great crowd was gathered to him and he remained by the seashore. 22Behold, one of the rulers of the synagogue whose name was Jairus came forward. Seeing Jesus, he fell at his feet, 23and profusely begged him, saying, “My little daughter is at the point of death. Please come and lay your hands on her, so that she may be made healthy and live.”
24Jesus went with him, and a great multitude followed him, pressing upon him on all sides. 25There was a certain woman who had an issue of blood for twelve years. 26She had endured much at the hands of many physicians and spent all that she had. Yet, she was not feeling better but worse. 27Having heard about Jesus, she came up behind him in the crowd and touched his clothes. 28For she thought, “If I just touch his clothes, I will be made well.” 29And immediately, the flow of her blood was dried up, and she felt in her body that she was healed of her affliction.
30Jesus, perceiving in himself at once that power had gone out from him, turned around in the crowd and asked, “Who touched my clothes?”
31His disciples said to him, “You see the multitude pressing against you, and you ask, ‘Who touched me?’”
32Jesus looked around to see the woman who had done this. 33But she, fearing and trembling, knowing what had been done to her, came forward and fell down before him, and told him all the truth.
34Jesus said to her, “Daughter, your faith has made you well. Go in peace, and be cured of your disease.”
35While he was still speaking, people came from the house of the ruler of the synagogue, saying, “Your daughter is dead. Why bother the Teacher any longer?”
36But when Jesus heard the message, he immediately said to the ruler of the synagogue, “Do not be afraid, only believe.” 37He allowed no one to follow him, except Peter, James, and John the brother of James. 38He arrived at the synagogue ruler’s house, and saw a commotion with weeping and great wailing. 39When Jesus had entered in, he said to them, “Why do you make a commotion and weep? The child is not dead, but asleep.” 40At this, they laughed at him. But Jesus, having put them all out, took the father of the child, her mother, and those who were with him, and went into the room where the child was lying. 41Taking the child by the hand, Jesus said to her, “Talitha cumi.” which means, “Little girl, I tell you, get up.” 42Immediately, the girl who was twelve years old rose up and began to walk. At this, they were overcome with amazement. 43He strictly ordered them that no one should know this and told them to give her something to eat.
Rejected in Nazareth
1Jesus left that place and came into his own country, and his disciples followed him. 2When the Sabbath came, he began to teach in the synagogue. Hearing him, many were astonished, saying, “Where did this man get these things?” and, “What is the wisdom that is given to this man, that such powerful works come about by his hands? 3Is this not the carpenter, the son of Mary, and brother of James, Joses, Judah, and Simon? Are not his sisters here with us?” And they rejected him.
4Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honour, except in his own country, and among his own relatives, and in his own house.” 5He could not perform any miracles there, except that he laid his hands on a few ill people and healed them. 6He was astonished because of their unbelief.
He went around the villages, teaching.
The sending of the Twelve
7Calling to himself the Twelve, he began to send them out two by two and gave them authority over the unclean spirits. 8He told them to take nothing for their journey, except for a staff: no bread, no wallet, no money in their purse. 9He also told them to wear sandals and not put on two tunics. 10He said to them, “Wherever you enter into a house, stay there until you depart from the area. 11If any place does not welcome you and if people refuse to listen to you, as you walk away, shake off the dust under your feet as a testimony against them. Amen, I can tell you that in the day of judgement, things will be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah than for that city.”
12They went out and preached that people should repent. 13They also cast out many demons and anointed with oil many people who were ill and healed them.
Herod and the death of John the Baptist
14King Herod heard this report, for Jesus’ name had become well-known, and he said, “John the Baptizer has risen from the dead. This is why these powers are at work in him.” 15But others said, “He is Elijah.” Others said, “He is a prophet, or like one of the prophets.” 16But when he heard this, Herod said, “This is John whom I beheaded. He has risen from the dead.” 17For Herod himself had given order that John be arrested and he had him chained in prison. This was for the sake of Herodias, the wife of his brother Philip, for Herod had married her. 18John had said to Herod, “It is not lawful for you to have your brother’s wife.” 19Herodias became furious against John and desired to kill him, but she could not 20because Herod feared John. He knew that John was a righteous and holy man, and kept him safe. When he had heard John speak, he was greatly perplexed, and yet he liked to listen to him.
21An opportunity came when on his birthday Herod gave a banquet for his nobles, high officers, and for the leading figures of Galilee. 22When the daughter of Herodias came in and danced, she pleased Herod and those sitting with him. The king said to the girl, “Ask me whatever you want, and I will give it to you.” 23He swore to her, “Whatever you shall ask of me, I will give you, up to half of my kingdom.”
24She went out and said to her mother, “What shall I ask?”
Herodias answered, “The head of John the Baptizer.”
25At once, the girl hurried to the king and said, “I want you to give me right now the head of John the Baptizer on a platter.”
26The king was extremely sorry, but for the sake of his oaths and because of his dinner guests, he did not wish to deny her. 27Immediately, the king sent out a soldier of his guard and commanded him to bring John’s head. The soldier went off and beheaded John in the prison. 28He brought the Baptist’s head on a platter and gave it to the girl, and she gave it to her mother.
29When John’s disciples heard this, they came, took his body, and laid it in a tomb.
The report of the Twelve – The feeding of the five thousand
30The apostles came back together around Jesus and told him all that they had done and taught. 31Because there were many coming and going, the apostles did not even have time to eat. Jesus then said to them, “You should go away into a deserted place and rest for a while.” 32They went away in the boat to a deserted place by themselves. 33The multitudes saw them going away and many recognised Jesus. People rushed there on foot from all the cities and arrived before the disciples, arriving there ahead of them. 34Jesus came out, saw a great crowd, and he had compassion on them, because they were like sheep without a shepherd. He then began to teach them many things. 35When it was late in the day, Jesus’ disciples came to him and said, “This place is deserted and it is late in the day. 36Send them away so that they may go into the surrounding countryside and villages to buy bread, for they have nothing to eat.”
37But Jesus answered them, “You give them something to eat.”
They asked him, “Shall we go and buy two hundred denarii worth of bread, and give them something to eat?”
38Jesus replied, “How many loaves do you have? Go and see.”
When they had found out, they said, “Five loaves and two fish.”
39Jesus gave them instructions that everyone should sit down in groups on the green grass, 40and people sat down in groups of hundreds and fifties. 41He took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he blessed and broke the loaves. He then gave it to his disciples to set before the people, and he distributed the two fish among them all. 42Everyone ate and was satisfied, 43and the disciples collected twelve baskets full of broken pieces and of the fish. 44Those who ate the loaves numbered about five thousand men.
45At once, Jesus made his disciples get into the boat and go on ahead to the other side, to Bethsaida, while he himself sent the crowd away. 46After he had taken leave of them, he went up the mountain to pray.
The walking on the water – At Gennesaret
47When evening came, the boat was in the middle of the sea while Jesus was alone on the shore. 48Seeing the disciples hard pressed in their rowing as the wind was against them, he came to them when it was about the fourth watch of the night. Jesus was walking on the sea and would have passed by them, 49but when they saw him walking on the sea, they thought that it was a ghost and cried out. 50They all saw him and were troubled, but immediately, Jesus spoke with them and said, “Rejoice. It is I. Do not be afraid.” 51He got into the boat with them and the wind ceased. They were utterly astonished and marvelled greatly 52because they had not understood about the loaves, but their hearts were hardened.
53After crossing over, they landed at Gennesaret and moored the boat to the shore. 54When they came out of the boat, the people immediately recognised Jesus. 55They ran around that whole region and began to bring the sick on mats to wherever they heard that he was. 56Wherever he entered, into villages, cities, or into the country, people laid the sick in the marketplaces and begged him to be able to touch just the fringe of his garment; and as many as touched him were made well.
Traditions that nullify the word of God
1Then the Pharisees and some of the scribes came from Jerusalem and gathered to Jesus. 2When they saw that some of his disciples were eating bread with defiled, that is, unwashed, hands, they found fault. 3For the Pharisees and all the Jews hold to the tradition of the elders and do not eat unless they wash their hands and forearms. 4They do not eat when they return from the marketplace unless they bathe themselves; and there are many other things which they have received and observe: washings of cups, pitchers, bronze vessels, and couches. 5The Pharisees and the scribes asked him, “Why is it that your disciples do not live by the tradition of the elders, but eat their bread with unwashed hands?”
6Jesus answered them, “Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written,
This people honours me with their lips, but their heart is far from me.
7But in vain do they bow down before me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men. (Isaiah 29:13)
8Indeed, you set aside the commandment of God and hold fast to human tradition —the washing of pitchers and cups, and you do many other such things.” 9He said to them, “How ingeniously do you reject the commandment of God in order to keep your tradition. 10For Moses said, ‘Honour your father and your mother;’ and, ‘Whoever speaks evil of father or mother should be put to death.’ 11But you say, ‘If a man tells his father or mother, “Whatever you might have received from me is Corban, that is, dedicated to God”’ 12then you no longer allow him to do anything for his father or mother. 13Thus, you nullify the word of God by your tradition which you have handed down. And you do many things like this.”
14Jesus called the entire crowd to himself and said to them, “Hear me, all of you, and understand. 15There is nothing outside a person that by going in can defile; it is what comes out of a person that defiles the person. 16Anyone who has ears for listening should listen.”
17When he had entered into a house away from the crowd, his disciples asked him about the parable. 18He said to them, “Are you also without understanding? Do you not perceive that whatever goes into someone from the outside cannot defile that person 19because it does not go into his heart but into the stomach, and then into the sewer?” Thus he declared all foods to be clean. 20He said, “What comes out of a person is what defiles that person. 21Indeed, it is from within, out of human hearts, that evil thoughts proceed: sexual immorality, theft, murder, 22adultery, greed, wickedness, deceit, lustful desires, an evil eye , blasphemy , pride, and foolishness. 23All these evil things come from within and make a person unclean.”
The faith of a Canaanite Woman – Crumbs from the table
24From there, he arose and went away to the borders of Tyre and Sidon. He entered a house and did not want anyone to know it, yet he could not escape notice. 25Having heard about Jesus, a woman whose little daughter had an unclean spirit came and fell down at his feet. 26Now, this woman was a Greek, of Syro-Phoenician descent. She begged him to cast the demon out of her daughter. 27But Jesus said to her, “Let the children be filled first, for it is not right to take the children’s bread and to throw it to the little dogs.”
28But she answered, “Yes, Lord. Yet even the dogs under the table eat the children’s crumbs.”
29Jesus said to her, “For saying this, you may go your way. The demon has gone out of your daughter.”
30She went away to her house and found the child lying on the bed, with the demon gone out.
The healing of a deaf man
31Again, Jesus departed from the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and came to the sea of Galilee, passing through the region of the Decapolis. 32People brought him a person who was deaf and had an impediment in his speech, and they begged Jesus to lay his hand on him. 33He took the man aside from the crowd, in private, put his fingers into his ears, then spat and touched his tongue. 34Looking up to heaven, Jesus sighed and said to him, “Ephphatha.” that is, “Be opened.” 35Immediately, the man’s ears were opened; the impediment of his tongue was released, and he spoke clearly. 36Jesus told the people to tell no one, but the more he ordered them, the more widely they proclaimed it. 37They were amazed beyond words, saying, “Everything he has done is good. He even makes the deaf hear, and the mute speak.”
The feeding of the four thousand
1In those days, a very great crowd was there and the people had nothing to eat. Jesus called his disciples to himself and told them, 2“I have compassion on the people because they have stayed with me for three days now, and they have nothing to eat. 3If I send them away hungry to their homes, they will faint on the way, for some of them came from far away.”
4His disciples replied, “From where could we satisfy these people with bread, here, in a deserted place?”
5Jesus asked them, “How many loaves do you have?”
They replied, “Seven.”
6Jesus directed the crowd to sit down on the ground, and he took the seven loaves. After giving thanks, he broke them and gave them to his disciples to serve, and they served the people. 7They also had a few small fish. After blessing them, Jesus also told them to serve the fish. 8The people ate and were satisfied, and the disciples picked up seven baskets of broken pieces that were left over. 9Those who had eaten were about four thousand. After this, Jesus sent the people away.
The Pharisees ask for a sign – The yeast of the Pharisees
10Right after this, he got into the boat with his disciples and arrived into the region of Dalmanutha. 11The Pharisees came out and began to question him, seeking from him a sign from heaven, and putting him to the test. 12Jesus sighed deeply in his spirit, and said, “Why is this generation seeking a sign? Amen, I tell you: no sign will be given to this generation.”
13He left them, and again entered into the boat and departed to the other side. 14But the disciples forgot to take bread and had only one loaf in the boat with them. 15Jesus warned them in these words, “Be watchful, beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Herod.”
16They reasoned among themselves, saying, “It is because we have no bread.”
17Jesus, perceiving this, said to them, “Why do you reason that it is because you have no bread? Do you not yet perceive or understand? Is your heart still hardened? 18Having eyes, do you not see? Having ears, do you not hear? Do you not remember? 19When I broke the five loaves for the five thousand, how many baskets full of broken pieces did you gather up?”
They told him, “Twelve.”
20“And after the seven loaves had fed four thousand people, how many baskets full of broken pieces did you gather up?”
They replied, “Seven.”
21Jesus asked them, “Do you still not understand?”
The healing of a blind man
22When he arrived at Bethsaida, people brought a blind man and begged Jesus to touch him. 23Jesus took hold of the blind man by the hand and brought him out of the village. He spit on his eyes, laid his hands on the man, and asked him if he saw anything.
24The man looked up and said, “I see people. I see them like trees walking.”
25Again, Jesus laid his hands on the man’s eyes who then looked intently. His sight was then restored and he saw everyone clearly. 26Jesus sent him away to his home, saying, “Do not enter into the village and do not tell anyone in the village.”
Peter’s confession about Jesus – First announcement of the passion
27Jesus went out with his disciples into the villages of Caesarea Philippi. On the way, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say that I am?”
28They told him, “John the Baptizer, and others say Elijah, but others yet, one of the prophets.”
29Jesus said to them, “But you, who do you say that I am?”
Peter answered, “You are the Christ.”
30Jesus commanded them not to tell anyone who he was. 31He began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. 32He spoke to them openly. Peter took him and began to rebuke him. 33But Jesus, turning around and seeing his disciples, rebuked Peter and said, “Get behind me, Satan. For you have in mind not the things of God, but the things of men.”
Requirements for discipleship
34Jesus called the multitude to himself with his disciples and said to them, “Whoever wants to come after me, let him deny himself, take up his cross, and follow me. 35Indeed, whoever wants to save his life will lose it; and whoever will lose his life for my sake and for the sake of the Good News will save it. 36What does it profit if someone, to gain the whole world, loses his life? 37For what will someone give in exchange for his life? 38Whoever will be ashamed of me and my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son of Man also will be ashamed of when he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.”
The Lord’s transfiguration
1Jesus said to them, “Amen, I tell you that there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the Kingdom of God come with power.”
2After six days Jesus took with him Peter, James, and John, and brought them up to a high mountain in private, by themselves. He was transfigured in front of them. 3His clothing became radiant, extremely white like snow, such as no launderer on earth could whiten them. 4Elijah and Moses appeared to them, and they were talking with Jesus.
5Peter said to Jesus, “Rabbi, it is good for us to be here. Let us make three tents: one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.” 6He did not know what to say, for they were very afraid.
7A cloud came which overshadowed them and a voice came out of the cloud, “This is my beloved Son. Listen to him.”
8Suddenly, looking around, they saw no one with them any more, except Jesus only.
Question about Elijah’s coming
9As they were coming down from the mountain, he told them not to tell anyone what they had seen, until after the Son of Man would have risen from the dead. 10They kept this saying to themselves, wondering what “rising from the dead” meant.
11They asked him, “Why do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?”
12Jesus answered, “Indeed, Elijah comes first and restores everything. Why then is it written about the Son of Man that he must suffer many things and be despised? 13But I tell you that Elijah has come, and they have also done to him whatever they wanted to, even as it is written about him.”
The healing of a possessed boy
14Returning to the disciples, Jesus saw a great crowd around them, and scribes were questioning them. 15At once, when all the people saw him, they were greatly amazed and rushed to greet him. 16Jesus asked the scribes, “What are you asking them about?”
17In the crowd, someone said, “Teacher, I brought you my son who has a mute spirit. 18Wherever the spirit seizes him, it throws him to the ground and my son foams at the mouth, grinds his teeth, and becomes rigid. I asked your disciples to cast it out, but they were not able.”
19Jesus answered him, “Unbelieving generation, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I put up with you? Bring him to me.”
20They brought the son to him, and when he saw Jesus, the spirit immediately convulsed the boy who fell to the ground and rolled around, foaming at the mouth.
21Jesus asked the boy’s father, “How long has he been like this?”
“From childhood,” he answered. 22“Often, it has thrown him both into the fire and into water, in order to destroy him. But if you are able to do anything, have compassion on us and help us.”
23Jesus said to the man, “If you are able. Everything is possible to the one who believes.”
24Immediately the father of the child cried out with tears, “I believe. Help my unbelief.”
25When Jesus saw that a crowd was running to the scene, he rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to him, “You mute and deaf spirit, I command you, come out of him, and never enter him again.”
26The spirit cried out, convulsed greatly, and came out of the boy. He became as dead, so much that most of the people said, “He is dead.” 27But Jesus took him by the hand, raised him up; and the boy stood up.
28When Jesus entered into the house, his disciples asked him privately, “Why could we not cast it out?” 29He answered, “This kind can come out by nothing, except by prayer and fasting.”
The Lord’s passion announced again – The greatest in the Kingdom
30They left that place and passed through Galilee. Jesus did not want anyone to know it. 31He was teaching his disciples and told them, “The Son of Man is to be delivered into the hands of men. They will kill him, and when he is killed, he will rise again on the third day.”
32But they did not understand the saying and were afraid to ask him.
33Jesus arrived in Capernaum, and when he was in the house, he asked his disciples, “What were you arguing among yourselves on the way?”
34However, they remained silent because on the way, they had argued with one another about who was the greatest.
35He sat down, called the Twelve and told them, “If anyone wants to be first, he shall be last of all, and the servant of all.” 36He took a little child and set him in their midst. Taking the child in his arms, he said to them,
37“Whoever receives such a little child in my Name, receives me; and whoever receives me, does not receive me, but the one who sent me.”
The exorcist who uses Jesus’ Name
38John said to him, “Teacher, we have seen someone who does not follow us casting out demons in your Name; and we forbade him, because he does not follow us.”
39But Jesus said, “Do not forbid him, for no one who does a mighty work in my Name will be able to quickly speak evil of me. 40Whoever is not against us is on our side. 41Amen, I tell you that whoever will give you a cup of water to drink in my Name, because you belong to Christ, will not lose his reward. 42But if someone causes one of these little ones who believe in me to stumble, it would be better for such a person to be thrown into the sea with a millstone hung around the neck.”
Radical measures against causes of sin
43“If your hand causes you to stumble, cut it off. It is better for you to enter into life maimed, rather than have your two hands and go into Gehenna, the unquenchable fire 44‘where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.’ 45If your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off. It is better for you to enter into life lame, rather than having your two feet to be cast into Gehenna, the fire that will never be quenched, 46‘where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.’ 47If your eye causes you to stumble, pluck it out. It is better for you to enter into the Kingdom of God with one eye, rather than with two eyes be cast into the Gehenna of fire, 48‘where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.’
49Indeed, everyone will be salted with fire, and every sacrifice will be seasoned with salt. 50Salt is good, but if the salt has lost its saltiness, with what will you season it? Have salt in yourselves, and be at peace with one another.”
About marriage and divorce
1Jesus then left that place and arrived to the borders of Judea and beyond the Jordan. Again, crowds were gathering around him. As he usually did, he taught them again. 2Pharisees came to test him, asking, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?”
3Jesus answered, “What instructions did Moses give you?”
4They replied, “Moses allowed a certificate of divorce to be written, and to divorce her.”
5But Jesus said to them, “It was because of your hardness of heart that Moses wrote this law for you. 6But from the beginning of creation, God made them male and female. 7For this reason, a man will leave his father and mother, and will join to his wife, 8and the two will become one flesh. Thus, they are no longer two, but one flesh. 9What therefore God has joined together, let no one tear apart.”
10In the house, his disciples asked him again about the same matter. 11He told them, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her. 12And if a woman divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery.”
The Lord blesses little children
13People were bringing little children to him so that he might touch them, but the disciples rebuked those who were bringing them. 14But when Jesus saw this, he was indignant. He said to them, “Let the little children come to me. Do not forbid them, for the Kingdom of God belongs to such as these. 15Amen, I tell you that whoever will not receive the Kingdom of God like a little child will in no way enter into it.” 16He took the children in his arms and blessed them, laying his hands on them.
The question of the rich man – How to inherit eternal life
17As Jesus was setting out on his journey, someone ran to him, knelt before him, and asked him, “Good Teacher, what shall I do in order to inherit eternal life?”
18Jesus replied, “Why do you call me good? No one is good except one: God. 19You know the commandments, ‘Do not murder,’ ‘Do not commit adultery,’ ‘Do not steal,’ ‘Do not give false testimony,’ ‘Do not defraud,’ ‘Honour your father and mother.’”
20The man said, “Teacher, I have observed all these things since my youth.”
21Jesus looked at him and felt love for him. He then said, “You lack one thing. Go, sell whatever you have, and give to the poor. You will have a treasure in heaven. Then come and follow me, taking up the cross.”
22However, the man was distressed when he heard this. He went away sorrowful, for he had great possessions. 23Jesus looked around and said to his disciples, “How difficult it is for the wealthy to enter into the Kingdom of God.”
24The disciples were amazed at his words. But again, Jesus said, “Children, how hard it is for those who trust in riches to enter into the Kingdom of God. 25It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for someone who is rich to enter into the Kingdom of God.”
26They were extremely astonished and said to him, “Who then can be saved?”
27Jesus looked at them and answered, “With men it is impossible, but not with God, for everything is possible with God.”
28Peter began to tell him, “Behold, we have left everything and followed you.”
29Jesus replied, “Amen, I tell you: there is no one who has left house, brothers or sisters, father or mother, or wife, children, or land, for my sake and for the sake of the Good News, 30who will not receive a hundred times more in this time: houses, brothers, sisters, mothers, children, and land, with persecutions; and in the age to come eternal life. 31But many who are first will be last; and the last, first.”
Third announcement of the passion
32They were on their way up to Jerusalem, and as Jesus was going in front of them, they were as stunned; and those who followed were afraid. Again, he took the Twelve and began to tell them about the things that were going to happen to him. 33“Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem. The Son of Man will be delivered to the chief priests and the scribes. They will condemn him to death and deliver him to the Gentiles. 34They will mock him, spit on him, scourge him, and kill him. On the third day, he will rise again.”
The request from James and John – ‘Whoever wishes to be great’
35James and John, the sons of Zebedee, approached Jesus and said, “Teacher, we want you to do for us whatever we will ask.”
36He replied, “What do you want me to do for you?”
37They answered, “Grant to us that we may sit, one at your right hand, and one at your left hand, in your glory.”
38But Jesus said to them, “You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?”
39They replied, “We are able.” Jesus said to them, “You shall indeed drink the cup that I drink, and you shall be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with. 40However, to sit at my right hand and at my left hand is not mine to give, but it is for whom it has been prepared.”
41When the ten heard this, they became upset with James and John.
42Jesus called them, and told them, “You know that those who are recognised as rulers over the nations lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them. 43But it shall not be so among you. Whoever wants to become great among you shall be your servant. 44Whoever of you wants to become first among you shall be slave of all. 45For the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”
The healing of Bartimaeus, a blind beggar
46Then, they arrived in Jericho. As Jesus was leaving the city with his disciples and a great crowd, the son of Timaeus, Bartimaeus, a blind beggar, was sitting by the road. 47When he heard that it was Jesus the Nazarene, he began to cry out, “Jesus, you son of David, have mercy on me.” 48Many rebuked him and told him to be quiet. But Bartimaeus cried out even more, “You son of David, have mercy on me.”
49Jesus stood still and said, “Call him.” They called the blind man and said to him, “Cheer up. Get up. He is calling you.”
50Having thrown his cloak aside, he got up and came to Jesus.
51Jesus asked him, “What do you want me to do for you?” The blind man replied, “Rabboni, that I may see again.”
52Jesus said to him, “Be on your way. Your faith has made you well.” At once, the man received his sight and followed him along the way.
The Entrance into Jerusalem
1As they were approaching Jerusalem, at Bethsphage and Bethany near the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of his disciples 2and said to them, “Go your way into the village that is facing you. Immediately as you enter into it, you will find a young donkey tied, on which no one has ever sat. Untie him and bring him. 3If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you doing this?’ say, ‘The Lord needs him and will send him back right away.’”
4They went away and found a young donkey tied by a door outside, in the open street. As they untied him, 5some of the bystanders asked them, “What are you doing, untying the young donkey?” 6The two disciples replied just as Jesus had said, and the people let them go.
7They brought the young donkey to Jesus, threw their garments on it, and Jesus sat on it. 8Many spread their garments on the way, while others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9Those who went in front as well as those who followed cried out,
Hosanna. Blessed is he who comes in the Name of the Lord. (Psalms 117:25-26)
10Blessed is the kingdom of our father David that is coming in the Name of the Lord.
Hosanna in the highest.
11Jesus entered Jerusalem and went into the temple. After looking around at everything, since it was now evening, he went out to Bethany with the Twelve.
The cursing of the fig tree – The cleansing of the temple
12The next day, as they were coming out from Bethany, Jesus was hungry. 13Seeing in the distance a fig tree with leaves, he came to see if perhaps, he might find something on it. When he came to it, he found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs. 14Jesus then said to the tree, “May no one ever eat fruit from you again.” and his disciples heard it.
15They arrived in Jerusalem and Jesus entered into the temple. He began to drive out those who did business in the temple and he overthrew the tables of the money changers, as well as the seats of those who sold doves. 16He would not allow anyone to carry a container through the temple. 17He taught them, saying, “Is it not written, ‘My house will be called a house of prayer for all the nations?’ But you have made it a den of thieves.”
18When the chief priests and the scribes heard this, they considered how they might destroy him. As it is, they feared Jesus, because the crowd was astonished at his teaching.
19When evening came, he left the city. 20As they passed by in the morning, the disciples saw the fig tree withered from the roots. 21Remembering, Peter said to him, “Rabbi, look. The fig tree which you cursed has withered away.”
22Jesus answered them, “Have faith in God. 23For amen, I tell you that if anyone tells this mountain, ‘Be taken up and cast into the sea,’ without doubt in the heart but believing that what he says is happening; he shall have whatever he says. 24Therefore, I tell you, whatever things you pray for and ask for, believe that you have received them, and you shall have them. 25Whenever you stand praying, if you have anything against anyone, forgive; so that your Father who is in heaven may also forgive your transgressions. 26But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father forgive your transgressions.”
By what authority
27They returned to Jerusalem, and as Jesus was walking in the temple, the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders came to him. 28They began to ask him, “By what authority do you do these things? Who gave you the authority to do such things?”
29Jesus replied, “I will ask you one question. Answer me, and I will tell you by what authority I do these things. 30The baptism of John – was it from heaven, or from men? Answer me.”
31They debated among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven’ he will reply, ‘Why then did you not believe him?’ 32But dare we say, ‘From men?’” They feared the people, for all considered that John was indeed a prophet. 33They answered Jesus, “We do not know.”
Jesus said to them, “Then neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things.”
The parable of the tenant farmers of the vineyard
1He began to speak to them in parables. “A man planted a vineyard, put a hedge around it, dug a pit for the winepress, and built a tower. He then rented it to tenant farmers and left for another country. 2When it was time, he sent a servant to the farmers to receive his share of the fruit of the vineyard. 3But they took the servant, beat him, and sent him away empty. 4Again, the owner sent another servant to them, and they threw stones at him, wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully treated. 5Again he sent another; and they killed him along with many others, beating some, and killing some. 6The man still had one left to send, his beloved son. Finally, he sent him to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ 7But the tenants of the vineyard said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ 8They took him, killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard. 9What then will the lord of the vineyard do? He will come to destroy the farmers, and he will give the vineyard to others. 10Have you not even read this Scripture,
The very stone which the builders rejected, Has become the head of the corner.
11This is the Lord’s doing, And it is marvellous in our eyes? (Psalms 117:22-23)
The question of paying taxes to Caesar
12They kept trying to arrest Jesus, but they feared the multitude because they understood that he had spoken the parable against them. So they left him and went away. 13They sent some of the Pharisees and Herodians to Jesus, in order to trap him in what he said. 14They came to him and said, “Teacher, we know that you are truthful, and that you are not afraid of anyone because you do not look at human rank but truly teach the way of God. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not? 15Shall we give, or shall we not give?”
But knowing their hypocrisy, Jesus replied, “Why do you test me? Bring me a denarius, so that I may see it.”
16They brought it.
Jesus then asked them, “Whose image and inscription is this?”
They answered, “Caesar’s.”
17Jesus then said, “Render to Caesar what belongs to Caesar, and to God what belongs to God.”
And they were amazed at him.
18After this, Sadducees who say that there is no resurrection came to him. They asked him, 19“Teacher, Moses wrote to us, ‘If a man dies leaving a wife behind him but no children, his brother should take his wife, and raise up an offspring for him.’ 20There were seven brothers. The first took a wife, died, and left no offspring. 21The second took her and died, leaving no children behind him. The third likewise; 22and so the seven married her and left no children. Last of all, the woman also died. 23In the resurrection, when they rise, whose wife will she be? For the seven had her as a wife.”
24Jesus answered them, “Is this not why you are mistaken, by not knowing the Scriptures or the power of God? 25For when people rise from the dead, they do not marry nor are given in marriage; instead, they are like angels in heaven. 26But regarding the fact that the dead are raised, have you not read in the book of Moses in the passage about the bush, how God spoke to him, saying, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?’ 27He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. This is why you are greatly misled.”
The greatest commandment
28One of the scribes came and heard them debating. Knowing that Jesus had answered them well, he asked him, “Which commandment is the greatest of all?”
29Jesus answered, “The greatest is, ‘Hear, Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one: 30you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ This is the first commandment. 31The second is likewise, ‘You shall love your neighbour as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”
32The scribe said to him, “It is well, teacher, that you have said truly that he is one, and there is none other but he, 33and to love him with the whole heart, with the whole mind, with the whole soul, and with the whole strength; and to love one’s neighbour as oneself. It is more important than any whole burnt-offerings and sacrifices.”
34When Jesus saw that the scribe had answered wisely, he said to him, “You are not far from the Kingdom of God.”
No one dared to ask him any question after that.
About David’s son – Warning about the scribes
35As he taught in the temple, Jesus asked, “How is it that the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David? 36For David himself said in the Holy Spirit:
The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand,
until I make your enemies the footstool of your feet. (Psalms 109:1)
37Therefore, David himself calls him Lord, so how can he be his son?”
The large crowd listened to him with delight. 38In his teaching, he told them, “Beware of the scribes. They like to walk in long robes, to be greeted in the marketplace, 39and the best seats in the synagogues and at banquets. 40They devour widows’ houses, and for a pretence say long prayers. Such men will be punished most severely.”
The gift of the poor widow
41Jesus sat down opposite the treasury and watched the people putting their money into the treasury. Many who were rich gave much. 42A poor widow came, and she put in two small coins, which amount to a quadrans coin. 43He called his disciples to himself, and told them, “Amen, I tell you that this poor widow gave more than all those who are giving to the treasury. 44For they all gave out of their abundance, but she, out of her poverty, gave all that she had to live on.”
The destruction of the Temple is foretold – The signs of the end
1As Jesus went out of the temple, one of his disciples said to him, “Teacher, see. What stones and buildings.”
2Jesus said to him, “Do you see these great buildings? There will not be left here one stone upon another that will not be thrown down.”
3As he sat on the Mount of Olives facing the temple, Peter, James, John, and Andrew asked him in private, 4“Tell us, when will these things take place? What is the sign that these things are all about to be fulfilled?”
5Then Jesus began to tell them, “Be careful that no one leads you astray. 6Many will come in my Name, saying, ‘I am he.’ and they will lead many astray.
7When you hear of wars and rumours of wars, do not be troubled. Those things must take place, but the end is not yet. 8Indeed, nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, as well as famines and troubles. These things are the beginning of birth pains.
Warning about persecutions – The great tribulation and second coming
9But be on your guard, for people will hand you over to the courts. You will be beaten in the synagogues, you will stand before rulers and kings for my sake, as a testimony to them. 10The Good News must first be preached to all the nations. 11When they take you away and arrest you, do not worry in advance. Do not think ahead about what you will say, but say whatever will be given you in that hour. For it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit.
12Brother will deliver up brother to death, and a father his child. Children will rise up against parents and cause them to be put to death. 13You will be hated by all for my Name’s sake, but the one who endures to the end will be saved. 14But when you see the abomination of desolation spoken of by Daniel the prophet standing where it should not stand – let the reader understand – then those who are in Judea should flee to the mountains. 15Then, whoever is on the housetop should not go down or enter in to take anything out of the house. 16He who is in the field should not come back to take his cloak. 17But woe to those who are with child and to those who nurse babies in those days. 18Pray that your flight will not be in the winter. 19For in those days, there will be oppression such as there has not been since the beginning of God’s creation until now, and never will be. 20If the Lord had not cut those days short, no one would be saved; but for the sake of the elect whom he chose, he has shortened the days. 21Then, if anyone tells you, ‘Look, here is the Christ.’ or, ‘Look, there.’ do not believe it. 22For false christs and false prophets will arise, and they will show signs and wonders in order to lead astray, if possible, even the elect. 23You, therefore, must be on your guard.
Behold, I have told you everything beforehand. 24But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light, 25the stars will be falling from the sky, and the powers that are in the heavens will be shaken. 26Then, people will see the Son of Man coming in the clouds with great power and glory. 27After that, he will send out his angels and will gather his elect from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of the sky.
Learning from the fig tree – Call to be watchful
28Learn this parable from the fig tree. When the branch has become tender and puts forth its leaves, you know that the summer is near. 29Likewise, when you see these things taking place, know that it is near, at the doors. 30Amen, I tell you: this generation will not pass away until all these things happen. 31Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away. 32But no one knows that day or that hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. 33Be on guard. Be alert. You do not know when that time is.
34It is like a man who journeyed to another country. He leaves his house, gives authority to his servants and to each one his task. He also instructed the doorkeeper to keep watch. 35Watch therefore, for you do not know when the lord of the house is coming, whether in the evening, or at midnight, or when the cock crows, or in the morning. 36But fear that coming suddenly, he might find you sleeping. 37What I tell you, I tell everyone: keep watch.”
The plot against Jesus – The anointing of the Lord at Bethany
1It was now two days before the feast of the Passover and of the unleavened bread. The chief priests and the scribes were seeking a way to arrest him by deception in order to kill him. 2They said, “Not during the feast, because there might be a riot of the people.”
3While Jesus was at Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at the table, a woman came with an alabaster jar of very expensive perfume, made of pure nard. She broke the jar, and poured the oil over his head. 4But there were some who were upset and who said, “Why has this ointment been wasted? 5It could have been sold for more than three hundred denarii, and given to the poor.” They grumbled against her, 6but Jesus said, “Leave her alone. Why do you trouble her? She has done a good work for me. 7You always have the poor with you, and whenever you want to, you can do them good; but you will not always have me. 8She has done what she could: she has anointed my body in advance for the burial. 9Amen, I tell you: wherever this Good News will be preached throughout the whole world, what she has done will also be told, in memory of her.”
Judas’ betrayal – Preparations of the Passover meal
10Judas Iscariot, who was one of the Twelve, went off to the chief priests, in order to deliver Jesus to them. 11When they heard this, they were glad, and promised to give him money. Judas began to seek how he might conveniently deliver him. 12On the first day of unleavened bread, when the Jews sacrificed the Passover, his disciples asked him, “Where do you want us to go and make preparations so that you may eat the Passover?”
13He sent two of his disciples and said to them, “Go into the city, and there you will meet a man carrying a pitcher of water. Follow him, 14and wherever he enters, tell the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says, “Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?”’ 15He will himself show you a large upper room furnished and ready. Make preparations for us there.”
16His disciples went out, and came into the city, and found things as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.
17When it was evening, Jesus came with the Twelve. 18As they sat and were eating, Jesus said, “Amen, I tell you: one of you will betray me; the one who eats with me.”
19They began to be distressed, and they asked him, one by one, “Surely not I?” And another said, “Surely not I?”
20He answered them, “It is one of the Twelve, the one who dips with me in the dish. 21For the Son of Man goes just as it is written about him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed. It would have been better for that man not to have been born.”
The institution of the Eucharist – The Lord’s supper
22As they were eating, Jesus took bread, and after saying a blessing, he broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “Take, eat. This is my body.” 23He took the cup, and after giving thanks, he gave it to them, and they all drank from it. 24He said to them, “This is my blood of the new covenant, which is poured out for many. 25Amen, I tell you: I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it anew in the Kingdom of God.” 26After singing a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
Peter’s denial is foretold – The agony in the garden
27Jesus said to them, “All of you will be made to stumble because of me tonight, for it is written, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’ 28However, after I am raised up, I will go before you into Galilee.”
29But Peter said to him, “Even if all fall away, I will not.”
30Jesus said to him, “Amen, I tell you that today, this very night, before the cock crows twice, you will deny me three times.”
31But Peter insisted, “If I must die with you, I will not deny you.” And they all said the same thing.
32They arrived at a place which was named Gethsemane. Jesus said to his disciples, “Sit here while I pray.” 33He took with him Peter, James, and John, and began to be greatly troubled and distressed. 34He said to them, “My soul is extremely sorrowful, even to death. Stay here, and keep watch.”
35He went ahead a little, fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass away from him. 36He said, “Abba, Father, everything is possible for you. Please remove this cup from me. However, not what I desire, but what you desire.”
37Coming back, he found the disciples sleeping, and said to Peter, “Simon, are you sleeping? Could you not watch one hour? 38Watch and pray, that you may not enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
39Again, he went away, and prayed, saying the same words. 40Once again, he came back and found them asleep because their eyes were very heavy, and they did not know what to answer him. 41The third time, he came and said to them, “Sleep on now, and take your rest. It is enough. The hour has come. Behold, the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 42Arise, let us be on our way, for behold, the one who betrays me is near.”
Judas’ kiss of betrayal – The Lord is arrested
43Immediately, while he was still speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, arrived. With him came a crowd with swords and clubs, sent by the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders. 44Now, the betrayer had given them a sign, saying, “The one I will kiss is the man; arrest him and take him away under guard.” 45So, when the traitor came, he immediately went up to Jesus and said, “Rabbi. Rabbi.” and kissed him. 46They laid their hands on Jesus and arrested him. 47But one of those who stood by drew his sword, and struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his ear.
48Jesus said, “Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to seize me? 49Every day I was with you in the temple, teaching, and you did not arrest me. But this is so that the Scriptures might be fulfilled.”
50All his disciples left him and fled. 51A certain young man was following Jesus, who only wore a linen cloth. The young men grabbed him, 52but he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked.
Before the Sanhedrin
53They led Jesus away to the high priest, and all the chief priests, the elders and the scribes were assembled.
54Peter had followed Jesus from a distance, right into the courtyard of the high priest. He was sitting with the officers, warming himself in the light of the fire. 55Now, the chief priests and the whole council were looking for witnesses against Jesus in order to put him to death. But they could not find any. 56Many gave false testimony against him, and their testimony did not agree with each other. 57Some stood up, and bore false witness against Jesus, saying, 58“We heard him say, ‘I will destroy this sanctuary that is made with hands, and in three days, I will build another made without hands.’” 59Even so, their testimony did not agree.
60The high priest stood up in their midst and asked Jesus, “Do you have no answer? What is this which these testify against you?” 61But Jesus remained silent and answered nothing. Again, the high priest asked him, “Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?”
62Jesus replied, “I am. You will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming with the clouds of the sky.”
63At this, the high priest tore his robes and said, “What further need do we have for witnesses? 64You have heard the blasphemy. What is your decision?” And they all condemned him as deserving death. 65Some began to spit on him, to blindfold him, and to beat him with fists, saying, “Prophesy.” And the officers struck him with the palms of their hands.
Peter’s threefold denial
66As Peter was in the courtyard below, one of the maidservants of the high priest came in. 67Seeing Peter warming himself, she looked at him, and said, “You were also with Jesus the Nazarene.”
68But he denied it, saying, “I do not know or understand what you are talking about.” He went out on the porch, and the cock crowed.
69When the servant girl saw him there, she began to tell those who stood by, “This is one of them.” 70But again, he denied it. A little while later, those who stood by again said to Peter, “Surely you are one of them. You are a Galilean, and your accent shows it.” 71But Peter began to invoke a curse on himself and to swear, “I do not know this man of whom you speak.” 72The cock crowed the second time, and Peter remembered the word Jesus had spoken to him, “Before the cock crows twice, you will deny me three times.” When he thought about that, he broke down and wept.
Before Pilate – The Lord is condemned to be crucified
1As soon as it was the morning, the chief priests, the elders, the scribes and the whole council held a consultation. Having bound Jesus, they carried him away and delivered him to Pilate. 2Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?”
Jesus answered, “You have said it.”
3The chief priests began to accuse him of many things. 4Again, Pilate asked him, “Do you have no answer? See how many charges they bring against you.”
5But Jesus made no further answer, so that Pilate was astonished.
6Now, he used to release to the Jews one prisoner on the occasion of the feast, whichever one they asked of him. 7There was one called Barabbas, who was then in prison with the rebels who had committed murder during the uprising. 8The multitude, crying aloud, began to ask Pilate to do as he always did for them. 9Pilate answered them, “Do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?” 10For he understood that it was from envy that the chief priests had delivered Jesus. 11But the chief priests stirred up the crowd so that Pilate would release Barabbas to them, instead. 12Pilate again asked them, “What then should I do to the one whom you call the King of the Jews?”
13“Crucify him.” they shouted.
14Pilate said to them, “Why, what evil has he done?”
But they shouted even louder, “Crucify him.”
15Wishing to please the crowd, Pilate released Barabbas to them, and after having Jesus flogged, he handed him over to be crucified.
The Roman soldiers mock Christ
16The soldiers led Jesus away inside the courtyard which is the Praetorium, and they called together the whole cohort. 17They clothed him with purple, and weaving a crown of thorns, they put it on his head. 18They began to salute him, “Hail, King of the Jews.” 19They struck his head with a reed, spat on him, and bowing their knees, venerated him. 20After mocking him, they stripped him of the purple and put his own garments on him. Then they led him out to crucify him.
The Lord’s death and burial
21Simon of Cyrene, the father of Alexander and Rufus, was then returning from the countryside and passing by. The soldiers compelled him to go with them so that he might carry Jesus’ cross. 22And they brought Jesus to the place called Golgotha, which means, “The place of a skull.” 23They offered him wine mixed with myrrh to drink, but Jesus did not take it.
24Then, they crucified him and shared his garments among them, casting lots for them to see what each one would take. 25It was the third hour when they crucified him. 26The written notice of his accusation was written above him, “THE KING OF THE JEWS.” 27With him, they also crucified two rebels; one on his right hand, and one on his left. 28The Scripture was fulfilled, which says, “He was numbered with transgressors.”
29Those who passed by blasphemed him, shaking their heads and saying, “So. You who would destroy the sanctuary and rebuild it in three days, 30save yourself and come down from the cross.”
31In the same way, the chief priests also, along with the scribes, were mocking him among themselves and saying, “He saved others. He cannot save himself. 32Let the Christ, the King of Israel, now come down from the cross, so that we may see and believe him.” Those who were crucified with him also insulted him.
33When the sixth hour came, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. 34At the ninth hour, Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is, being interpreted, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”
35Some of those who stood by, when they heard this, exclaimed, “Behold, he is calling Elijah.”
36One ran to fill a sponge with vinegar. He put it on a reed and gave it to Jesus to drink. Then he said, “Let us leave him alone and see if Elijah will come to take him down.”
37But Jesus cried out with a loud voice and gave up the spirit. 38The veil of the sanctuary was torn in two from the top to the bottom. 39When the centurion who stood there in front of Jesus saw that he had cried out like this and breathed his last, he said, “Truly this man was Son of God.”
40There were also women watching from afar, among whom were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James ‘the little’ and of Joses, and Salome. 41When Jesus was in Galilee, they had followed him and served him; along with many other women who had come up with him to Jerusalem.
42Evening had now come. Because it was the Preparation Day, the day before the Sabbath, 43Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent council member who was also looking for the Kingdom of God, came forward. He boldly went in to Pilate and asked for Jesus’ body. 44Pilate wondered if Jesus was already dead. Calling the centurion, he asked him whether Jesus had been dead for a long time. 45Having been assured of this by the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph.
46Accordingly, Joseph bought fine linen, took Jesus down and wrapped him in the linen cloth. Having placed him in a tomb which had been cut out of a rock, he rolled a stone against the door of the tomb. 47Mary Magdalene and Mary, the mother of Joses, saw where Jesus had been laid.
The Lord’s resurrection
1When the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices in order to come and anoint him. 2Very early on the first day of the week, they arrived at the tomb when the sun had risen. 3They were saying among themselves, “Who will roll away the stone from the door of the tomb for us?” 4But when they looked up, they saw that the stone was rolled back, although it was extremely large.
5Entering into the tomb, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, dressed in a white robe, and they were amazed. 6He said to them, “Do not be amazed. You seek Jesus, the Nazarene, who has been crucified. He has risen. He is not here. Behold, the place where they laid him. 7But go, tell his disciples and Peter, ‘He goes before you into Galilee. There you will see him, as he told you.’”
8They went out and fled from the tomb, for trembling and astonishment had come upon them. They said nothing to anyone because they were afraid.
Verses 9-20 – The Patriarchal Text has this longer ending
9Now, after Jesus had risen early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons. 10She went and told those who had been with him, as they mourned and wept. 11When they heard that Jesus was alive and had been seen by her, they disbelieved. 12After these things, he was revealed in another form to two of them, as they walked, on their way into the country. 13They went on their way and told it to the rest who did not believe them, either.
The commission of the Apostles
14Afterward, Jesus was revealed to the eleven themselves as they sat at the table, and he rebuked them for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they did not believe those who had seen him after he had risen. 15He said to them, “Go into the whole world, and preach the Good News to the whole creation. 16Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved; but whoever disbelieves will be condemned. 17These signs will accompany those who believe: they will cast out demons in my Name; they will speak with new languages ; 18they will take up snakes; and if they drink any deadly thing, it will in no way hurt them; they will lay hands on the sick, and they will recover.”
19And so, the Lord, after he had spoken to them, was received up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. 20They went out and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them and confirming the word by the signs that accompanied them. Amen.