Luke’s motivations and methods
1Many have undertaken to set in order a narrative concerning those matters which have been fulfilled among us, 2even as those who were eyewitnesses and servants of the word since the beginning have delivered them to us. 3For this reason, it has seemed good to me also, after reviewing the course of everything accurately from the beginning, to write an ordered account to you, most excellent Theophilus, 4so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.
The birth of John the Baptist is announced
5In the days of Herod king of Judea, there lived a priest named Zacharias who belonged to the priestly division of Abijah. He had a wife of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. 6Both of them were righteous before God, walking blamelessly in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord. 7Yet, they had no child because Elizabeth was barren, and both were well advanced in years. 8Now, it came to pass that while Zacharias was performing his priestly office before God in the order of his division, 9according to the custom of the priest’s office, it was his lot to enter into the sanctuary of the Lord and burn incense. 10Now, at the time of the incense offering, the whole multitude of the people was praying outside.
11Then, an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing on the right side of the altar of incense. 12Zacharias was startled when he saw the angel and was gripped with fear. 13But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zacharias, because your petition has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you shall call his name John. 14You will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth. 15Indeed, he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He will drink no wine or strong drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb. 16He will bring back many of the children of Israel to the Lord, their God. 17He will go before the Lord in the spirit and power of Elijah, ‘to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children,’ and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”
18Zacharias said to the angel, “How can I be sure of this? For I am an old man, and my wife is well advanced in years.”
19The angel answered him, “I am Gabriel who stands near before God. I was sent to speak to you and to bring you this good news. 20Behold, you will be silent and unable to speak until the day that these things take place, because you did not believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their proper time.”
21The people were waiting for Zacharias and wondering as he delayed in the sanctuary. 22When he came out, he could not speak to them and they understood that he had seen a vision in the sanctuary. He continued to make signs to them and remained mute. 23When the days of his service were fulfilled, Zacharias returned to his house. 24After these days, his wife Elizabeth conceived, and she hid herself five months, saying, 25“The Lord has done this to me in the days when he looked at me, in order to take away my disgrace among men.”
The Annunciation of the birth of Jesus
26Now, in the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, 27to a virgin pledged to be married to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. 28Having come in, the angel said to her, “Rejoice, full of grace. The Lord is with you. Blessed are you among women.”
29But when she saw him, she was greatly troubled at the saying and considered what kind of greeting this might be. 30The angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favour with God. 31Behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth a son, and you will call his name ‘Jesus.’ 32He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father, David, 33and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever. And to his Kingdom there shall be no end.”
34Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I do not know a man?”
35The angel answered her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore, the holy one who is born from you will be called the Son of God. 36Behold, your relative Elizabeth has also conceived a son in her old age and this is the sixth month for her who was called barren. 37For everything spoken by God is possible.”
38Mary said, “Behold, the handmaid of the Lord. Be it to me according to your word.”
And the angel departed from her.
The Annunciation of the birth of Jesus
39In those days, Mary arose and went into the hill country with haste to a city of Judah. 40She entered into the house of Zacharias and greeted Elizabeth. 41And it happened that when Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42In a loud voice, she exclaimed, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb. 43Why am I so favoured, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 44For behold, when the voice of your greeting came to my ears, the baby leaped in my womb out of joy. 45Blessed is she who believed, for the things which have been spoken to her from the Lord will be fulfilled.”
My soul magnifies the Lord
47And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Saviour,
48for he has looked at the humble state of his handmaid.
For behold, from now on, all generations shall call me blessed.
49Indeed, he who is mighty has done great things for me,
and Holy is his Name.
50His mercy is for generations of generations
on those who fear him.
51He has shown strength with his arm,
he has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts,
52He has put down princes from their thrones,
and has exalted the lowly.
53He has filled the hungry with good things,
he has sent the rich away empty.
54He has given help to Israel, his servant,
so that he might remember mercy,
55As he spoke to our fathers,
to Abraham and his posterity forever.
56Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months, and then returned to her house.
The birth of John the Baptist
57Now, the time when Elizabeth should give birth was fulfilled, and she gave birth to a son. 58Her neighbours and relatives heard that the Lord had shown his great mercy towards her, and they rejoiced with her. 59On the eighth day, they came to circumcise the child and they wanted to name him Zacharias after his father. 60But his mother answered, “It shall not be. Instead, he will be called John.”
61They said to her, “But there is no one among your relatives who is called by this name.” 62They made signs to his father to see what he wanted to have his son called.
63Zacharias asked for a writing tablet and wrote, “His name is John.”
They were all very surprised. 64Suddenly, his mouth was opened and his tongue was freed. He began to speak, blessing God. 65Awe came upon all who lived around them, and people talked about these sayings throughout the entire hill country of Judea. 66All those who heard these things took them to heart and exclaimed, “What then will this child be?” And indeed, the hand of the Lord was with the child.
The canticle of Zacharias
67His father, Zacharias, was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied, saying:
68Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel,
for he has visited and worked redemption for his people;
69and has raised up a horn of salvation for us
in the house of his servant David
70as he spoke by the mouth of his holy prophets who have been from of old,
71salvation from our enemies and from the hand of all who hate us;
72to show mercy towards our fathers, to remember his holy covenant,
73the oath which he spoke to Abraham, our father,
to grant us 74that being delivered out of the hand of our enemies,
we should worship him without fear,
75in holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life.
76And you, child, will be called a prophet of the Most High,
for you will go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways,
77to give knowledge of salvation to his people by the remission of their sins,
78because of the tender mercy of our God,
by which the dawn from on high will visit us,
79to shine on those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death;
to guide our feet into the way of peace.
80The child was growing up and became strong in spirit, and he was in the desert until the day of his public appearance to Israel.
The Nativity of our Lord
1In those days, Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire world. 2This was the first census made when Quirinius was governor of Syria. 3All went to enrol themselves, everyone to his own city. 4Because he was of the house and family of David, Joseph left the city of Nazareth in Galilee and went up to Judea, to the city of David which is called Bethlehem. 5He did so to enrol himself with Mary who was pledged to be married to him as wife and who was pregnant.
6While they were there, the time came for her to deliver her child. 7She gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in swaddling clothes. She laid him in a manger because there was no room for them in the inn. 8There were shepherds in the same countryside, staying in the field and keeping watch by night over their flock. 9And behold, an angel of the Lord stood by them and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. 10The angel said to them, “Do not be afraid, for behold, I bring you Good News of great joy which will be for all the people. 11For there is born to you, this day, in the city of David, a Saviour, who is Christ the Lord. 12This is the sign to you: you will find a baby wrapped in strips of cloth, lying in a manger.” 13Suddenly, there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,
14Glory to God in the highest,
and on earth peace, good will among mankind.
The shepherds’ visit
15When the angels went away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, “Let us go to Bethlehem now and see what has taken place, which the Lord has made known to us.” 16They came with haste and found both Mary and Joseph, and the baby was lying in the manger. 17After seeing it, they revealed the news which had been spoken to them about this child. 18All those who heard what the shepherds were saying were amazed, 19but Mary kept all these sayings, pondering them in her heart. 20The shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things which they had heard and seen, just as it was told them.
The Circumcision of our Lord – The Presentation in the Temple
21When the eight days were fulfilled and the time came for the circumcision of the child, he was named Jesus, the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.
22And when the days of their purification according to the law of Moses were fulfilled, Joseph and Mary brought him up to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord, 23– for it is written in the law of the Lord, “Every male who opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”- 24and to offer a sacrifice according to what is said in the law of the Lord, “A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.” 25Behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon. This man was righteous and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 26It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord’s anointed. 27He came in the Spirit into the temple. The parents brought in the child Jesus in order to do according to the custom of the law concerning him. 28Then Simeon took Jesus in his arms and blessed God, saying,
29Now you let your servant depart in peace, Master,
according to your word,
30for my eyes have seen your salvation,
31which you have prepared before the face of all peoples;
32a light to enlighten the gentiles,
and the glory of your people Israel.
33Joseph and his mother were wondering at the things which were spoken concerning him. 34Simeon blessed them and said to Mary, his mother,
Behold, this child is set for the falling and the rising of many in Israel,
and as a sign which is spoken against.
35Yes, a sword will pierce through your own soul,
so that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.
36There was a certain Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher who was of a great age, having lived with a husband seven years from her virginity, 37and she had been a widow for about eighty-four years. She did not depart from the temple, worshipping with fastings and petitions night and day. 38Coming up at that very hour, she gave thanks to the Lord and spoke of Jesus to all those who were looking for redemption in Jerusalem.
Return to Nazareth of Galilee
39When Joseph and Mary had done everything according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city, Nazareth. 40The child was growing, and was becoming strong in spirit, being filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was upon him. 41His parents went every year to Jerusalem for the feast of the Passover.
Jesus as a twelve-year old in the temple
42When Jesus was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem according to the custom of the feast. 43When they had fulfilled the days, as they were returning, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. Joseph and his mother did not notice it. 44Supposing him to be in the company, they went a day’s journey and began to look for him among their relatives and acquaintances. 45When they did not find him, they returned to Jerusalem, looking for him. 46After three days, they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, both listening to them and asking them questions. 47All who heard him were amazed by his understanding and answers. 48When his parents saw him, they were astonished, and his mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us this way? Behold, your father and I were anxiously looking for you.”
49He said to them, “Why were you looking for me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father’s house?” 50But they did not understand what he said to them. 51After this, he went down with them, and came to Nazareth. He was obedient to them, and his mother kept all these sayings in her heart. 52And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, as well as in favour with God and men.
The ministry of John the Baptist
1Now, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, 2during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness. 3He came into the entire region around the Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for remission of sins. 4As it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet:
The voice of one crying in the wilderness,
“Make ready the way of the Lord.
Make his paths straight.
5Every valley will be filled.
Every mountain and hill will be brought low.
The crooked will become straight,
and the rough ways smooth.
6All flesh will see God’s salvation.” (Isaiah 40:3-5)
7To the multitudes who went out to be baptized by him, John said, “You offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 8Therefore, bring forth fruits worthy of repentance. Do not begin to say among yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father;’ for I tell you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones. 9Even now, the axe also lies at the root of the tree, and so every tree that does not bring forth good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.
10The multitudes asked him, “What then must we do?”
11John answered them, “Whoever has two coats should give to the one who has none. He who has food should do likewise.”
12Tax collectors also came to be baptized, and they asked him, “Teacher, what must we do?”
13He replied, “Do not collect more than what is appointed to you.”
14Soldiers also asked him, “What about us? What must we do?”
He said to them, “Extort from no one by violence and do not accuse anyone wrongfully. Be satisfied with your wages.”
15As the people were in expectation, and everyone reasoned in their hearts concerning John, whether perhaps he was the Christ, 16John answered them all, “I indeed baptize you with water, but the one who is coming is more powerful than I. I am not worthy to untie the strap of his sandals. He will baptize you in the Holy Spirit and fire. 17His winnowing fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing floor. He will gather the wheat into his barn; but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire.”
18With many other exhortations, he preached Good News to the people. 19But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias, his brother’s wife, and for all the evil things which he had done, 20added this also to them all, that he shut up John in prison.
Theophany: The Lord’s Baptism
21Now it happened, after all the people were baptized, that Jesus was also baptized. As he was praying, heaven was opened, 22and the Holy Spirit descended in a bodily form as a dove on him. A voice came from heaven, saying “You are my beloved Son. In you I am well pleased.”
23Jesus himself, when he began to teach, was about thirty years old, being the son, as was supposed, of Joseph, the son of Heli, 24the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, 25the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, 26the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Joseph, the son of Judah, 27the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, 28the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmodam, the son of Er, 29the son of Jose, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 30the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonan, the son of Eliakim, 31the son of Melea, the son of Menan, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, 32the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon, the son of Nahshon, 33the son of Amminadab, the son of Aram, the son of Joram, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 34the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, 35the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, 36/the son of Cainan/, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalaleel, the son of Cainan, 38the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.
The temptation in the desert
1Full of the Holy Spirit, Jesus returned from the Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness. 2For forty days, he was tempted by the devil. He ate nothing in those days and afterward, when they were completed, he was hungry. 3The devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.”
4Jesus answered him, saying, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God.’”
5Leading him up on a high place, the devil showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. 6The devil said to him, “I will give you all this authority and their glory, for it has been delivered to me and I give it to whomever I want. 7If you therefore will bow down to me, it will all be yours.”
8Jesus answered him, “Get behind me Satan. For it is written, ‘You shall bow down to the Lord your God, and to him only shall you worship.’”
9The devil led him to Jerusalem, set him on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, cast yourself down from here, 10for it is written,
He will put his angels in charge of you, to guard you;
They will carry you with their hands,
for fear that you may dash your foot against a stone.
12In reply, Jesus said to him, “It has been said, ‘You shall not tempt the Lord your God.’”
13When the devil had completed every temptation, he departed from Jesus until another time.
The Lord’s ministry in Galilee and his rejection in Nazareth
14Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee, and news about him spread through all the surrounding area. 15He taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all.
16He came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up. As was his custom, he entered into the synagogue on the Sabbath day and stood up to read. 17The scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. He opened the book, and found the place where it was written:
18The Spirit of the Lord is upon me,
because he has anointed me to preach Good News to the poor.
He has sent me to heal the broken-hearted,
to proclaim release to the captives,
recovery of sight to the blind,
to deliver those who are crushed,
19and to proclaim the favourable year of the Lord. (Isaiah 61:1-2)
20He closed the scroll, gave it back to the attendant, and sat down. The eyes of all in the synagogue were fastened on him. 21He began to tell them, “Today, this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.”
22All testified about him and marvelled at the gracious words which came out of his mouth; and they said, “Is this not Joseph’s son?”
23He said to them, “Without doubt, you will quote me this proverb, ‘Physician, heal yourself. Do here also, in your home town, whatever we have heard that was done at Capernaum.’” 24Jesus continued, “Amen, I tell you that no prophet is acceptable in his home town. 25But I tell you in truth, there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the sky was shut up for three years and six months, when a great famine came all over the land. 26Elijah was sent to none of them, except to Zarephath, in the land of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow. 27There were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet, yet not one of them was cleansed, except Naaman, the Syrian.”
28As they heard these things, all in the synagogue were filled with anger. 29They rose up, threw Jesus out of the city, and led him to the edge of the hill that their city was built on in order to push him off the cliff. 30But passing through their midst, he went his way.
The healing of a demoniac in Capernaum
31Jesus came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. He was teaching the people on the Sabbath day, 32and they were astonished at his teaching because his word was with authority. 33In the synagogue, there was a man who had a spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, 34“Ah. what have we to do with you, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know you who you are: the Holy One of God.”
35Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be silent, and come out of him.” When the demon had thrown the man among them, he came out of him, having done him no harm.
36Amazement came on all, and they spoke together, one with another, saying, “What is this word? For he commands the unclean spirits with authority and power, and they come out.” 37News about him went out into every place of the surrounding region.
The healing of Peter’s (Simon’s) mother in law – Other healings
38Jesus left the synagogue and entered into Simon’s house. Simon’s mother- in-law was afflicted with a great fever, and they asked him to [do something] for her. 39He stood over her, rebuked the fever, and it left her. Immediately, she rose up and served them. 40When the sun was setting, all those who had anyone ill with various diseases brought them to Jesus; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them. 41Demons also came out from many, crying out, “You are the Christ, the Son of God.” Rebuking them, Jesus did not allow them to speak, because they knew that he was the Christ.
42When it was day, he departed and went into an uninhabited place. The people were looking for him and came to him. They held on to Jesus in order to prevent him from leaving them. 43But he said to them, “I must preach the Good News of the Kingdom of God to the other cities as well. I have been sent for this reason.” 44And he continued preaching in the synagogues of Galilee.
The calling of Simon Peter, James and John
1Now it happened, while the multitude pressed on him and heard the word of God, that he was standing by the lake of Gennesaret. 2He saw two boats standing by the lake, but the fishermen had gone out of them and they were washing their nets. 3Jesus a entered into one of the boats, which was Simon’s, and asked him to put out a little from the land. He sat down and taught the multitudes from the boat. 4When he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, “Put out into the deep, and let down your nets for a catch.” 5Simon answered him, “Master, we worked all night and took nothing. But at your word, I will let down the net.”
6When they had done this, they caught a great multitude of fish, and their net was breaking. 7They beckoned to their partners in the other boat to come and help them. They came and filled both boats, so that they began to sink. 8But when Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, “Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, Lord.” 9He and all who were with him were amazed at their catch of fish; 10and so also were James and John, sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon.
Jesus said to Simon, “Do not be afraid. From now on, you will be catching people alive.”
11When they had brought their boats to shore, they left everything and followed him.
The healing of a leper
12It happened, while Jesus was in one of the cities, that there was a man full of leprosy. When he saw Jesus, he fell on his face, and begged him, saying, “Lord, if you want to, you can make me clean.”
13Jesus stretched out his hand, touched him, and said, “I want to. Be made clean.”
Immediately the leprosy left him. 14Jesus commanded him to tell no one, “But go your way, show yourself to the priest, and offer for your cleansing according to what Moses commanded, as a testimony to them.” 15Still, the report concerning him spread much more, and great multitudes came together to hear and to be healed by him of their infirmities. 16However, Jesus withdrew into the desert and prayed.
The healing of a paralytic
17It happened, on one of those days, that Jesus was teaching; and there were Pharisees and teachers of the law sitting by, who had come out of every village of Galilee, Judea, and Jerusalem. The power of the Lord was with him to heal the people. 18Behold, men brought a paralysed man on a cot, and they sought to bring him in to lay before Jesus. 19Not finding a way to bring him in because of the crowd, they went up to the housetop and let him down through the tiles with his cot, right in the centre, in front of Jesus. 20Seeing their faith, Jesus said to him, “Man, your sins are forgiven you.”
21The scribes and the Pharisees began to think about this, saying, “Who is this that speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?”
22But Jesus, perceiving their thoughts, answered them, “Why are you reasoning in your hearts in such a way? 23Which is easier to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you;’ or to say, ‘Arise and walk?’ 24However, so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”, he said to the paralysed man, “I tell you, arise, take up your cot, and go to your house.”
25Immediately, the man rose up before them and took up what he was laying on, and departed to his house, glorifying God. 26Amazement took hold of all, and they glorified God. They were filled with fear, saying, “We have seen strange things today.”
The calling of Levi (Matthew)
27After these things, Jesus went out and saw a tax collector named Levi sitting at the tax office. He said to him, “Follow me.”
28Levi left everything, got up and began to follow Jesus. 29He made a great feast for Jesus in his house. A great crowd of tax collectors was there, and other people were also at table with them. 30The scribes and the Pharisees murmured against Jesus’ disciples, saying, “Why do you eat and drink with the tax collectors and sinners?” 31Jesus answered them, “Those who are healthy have no need for a physician, but those who are ill do. 32I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.”
33They asked him, “Why do John’s disciples often fast and pray, as also the disciples of the Pharisees, but yours eat and drink?”
34Jesus said to them, “Can you make the friends of the bridegroom fast, while the bridegroom is with them? 35But the days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them. Then, they will fast in those days.”
36He also told them a parable, “No one puts a piece from a new garment on an old garment, or else he will tear the new, and also the piece from the new will not match the old. 37No one puts new wine into old wineskins, or else the new wine will burst the skins, and it will be spilled, and the skins will be destroyed. 38Instead, new wine must be put into fresh wineskins, and both are preserved. 39No one who has drunk old wine immediately desires new, for he says, ‘The old is better.’”
About the Sabbath
1On a certain Sabbath day, Jesus was walking through the grain fields. His disciples plucked heads of grain and ate them, rubbing the heads in their hands. 2But some among the Pharisees asked them, “Why do you do what is not lawful on the Sabbath day?”
3Jesus answered them with these words, “Have not you read what David did when he was hungry, along with those who were with him? 4How he entered into the house of God, took and ate the show bread and also gave it to those who were with him, even though it is not lawful to eat except for the priests alone?” 5He said to them, “The Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath.”
6On another Sabbath, Jesus entered into the synagogue and began to teach. A man was there whose right hand was withered. 7The scribes and the Pharisees were watching Jesus, to see if he would heal on the Sabbath, so that they might find an accusation against him. 8But Jesus perceived their thoughts. He said to the man who had the withered hand, “Rise up, and stand in the midst;” and the man arose and stood up. 9Then Jesus said to them, “I will ask you something: Is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath, or to do harm? To save a life, or to kill?” 10He looked around at all of them and said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” The man did so, and his hand was restored as healthy as the other. 11However, the scribes and the Pharisees were filled with rage and talked with one another about what they might do to Jesus.
12It happened in these days, that Jesus went out into the mountain to pray; and he continued all night, in prayer to God. 13When day came, he called his disciples and chose twelve from among them, which he also named ‘apostles’: 14Simon, whom he also named Peter; Andrew, his brother; James; John; Philip; Bartholomew; 15Matthew; Thomas; James, the son of Alphaeus; Simon, who was called the Zealot; 16Judas [the son] of James; and Judas Iscariot, who also became a traitor. 17He came down with them and stood on a level place. A large number of his disciples and of people from all Judea, Jerusalem, and the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon came to hear him and to be healed of their diseases. 18Those who were troubled by unclean spirits also came, and they were healed. 19The whole multitude desired to touch him because power came out from him and healed them all.
The Lord’s sermon
20Jesus looked up to his disciples, and said,
Blessed are you who are poor,
for yours is the Kingdom of God.
21Blessed are you who hunger now,
for you will be filled.
Blessed are you who weep now,
for you will laugh.
22Blessed are you when men shall hate you,
and when they shall exclude and mock you,
and throw out your name as evil for the sake of the Son of Man.
23Rejoice in that day, and leap for joy,
for behold, your reward is great in heaven,
for their fathers did the same thing to the prophets.
24But woe to you who are rich.
For you have received your consolation.
25Woe to you, you who are full now,
for you will be hungry.
Woe to you who laugh now,
for you will mourn and weep.
26Woe, when all men speak well of you,
for their fathers did the same thing to the false prophets.
Love for one’s enemies
27But I tell you who hear: love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 28bless those who curse you, and pray for those who mistreat you. 29To the one who strikes you on the cheek, offer also the other. If someone takes away your cloak, do not refuse your coat as well. 30Give to anyone who asks you, and if anyone takes what belongs to you, do not demand it back.
31As you would like others to do to you, do the same to them. 32If you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? Even sinners love those who love them. 33If you do good to those who do good to you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners do the same. 34If you lend to those from whom you hope to receive, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners, to receive back as much. 35But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing back. Then your reward will be great and you will be children of the Most High, for he is kind to the ungrateful and evil.
36Therefore, be merciful, even as your Father is also merciful. 37Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Set free, and you will be set free.
38Give, and it will be given to you: a good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and overflowing will be given to you. For with the same measure you measure, it will be measured back to you.”
The beam and the speck – Judging others – The tree and its fruits
39He spoke a parable to them. “Can the blind guide the blind? Will they not both fall into a pit? 40A disciple is not above his teacher, but after being fully trained, everyone will be like their teacher. 41Why do you see the speck of chaff that is in your brother’s eye but do not consider the beam that is in your own eye? 42Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me remove the speck of chaff that is in your eye,’ when you do not see the beam that is in your own eye? You hypocrites. First, remove the beam from your own eye, and then you will be able to see clearly in order to remove the speck of chaff that is in your brother’s eye. 43For there is no good tree that brings forth rotten fruit, or any rotten tree that produces good fruit. 44Indeed, each tree is recognised by its own fruit. People do not gather figs from thorns, nor do they pick up grapes from a bramble bush. 45Out of the good treasure of his heart, a good person brings out what is good, but out of the evil treasure of his heart, one who is evil brings out what is evil. For out of the overflowing of the heart, the mouth speaks.
Those who say ‘Lord, Lord’ – Building on rock or sand
46Why do you call me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ and do not do what I say? 47I will show you what the person is like who comes to me, hears my words and does them. 48He is like a man building a house who dug and went deep, and laid a foundation on the rock. When a flood arose, the water rushed against that house but could not shake it, because it was founded on the rock. 49But the one who hears and does not practice is like a man who built a house on the ground without a foundation. The stream rushed against it, and at once it fell down; and the ruin of that house was great.”
The healing of the Centurion’s servant
1When Jesus had finished speaking all that he wanted the people to hear, he entered into Capernaum. 2There was the servant of a certain centurion, a man highly valued by his master, who was ill and at the point of death. 3When the centurion heard about Jesus, he sent to him elders of the Jews to ask him to come and save his servant. 4When they came to Jesus, they pleaded earnestly with him, saying, “This man deserves to have you do this 5because he loves our nation and built our synagogue for us.” 6Jesus went along with them, but as he was approaching the house, the centurion sent word to him by some friends to say to him, “Lord, do not trouble yourself, for I am not worthy for you to come under my roof. 7Therefore, I did not even think myself worthy to come to you. But say the word and my servant will be healed. 8For I am also a man placed under authority, and I have soldiers under my command. I tell this one, ‘Go.’ and he goes; and to another, ‘Come.’ and he comes; and to my servant, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.”
9When Jesus heard these things, he marvelled at him. Turning around, he said to the multitude who followed him, “I tell you, I have not found such great faith even in Israel.” 10And the messengers, returning to the house, found that the servant who had been ill was well.
The raising of the son of the widow of Nain
11Soon afterwards, Jesus went to a city called Nain. Many of his disciples, along with a great multitude, went with him. 12Now, when Jesus drew near to the gate of the city, behold, a dead person was being carried out, who was the only son of his mother, and she was a widow. Many people of the city were with her. 13When the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said to her, “Do not cry.” 14He came near and touched the coffin, and the bearers stood still. He then said, “Young man, I tell you, arise.” 15And the dead man sat up, and began to speak. Jesus then gave him to his mother.
16They were all filled with awe and glorified God, saying, “A great prophet has arisen among us.” and, “God has visited his people.” 17This news concerning Jesus spread throughout Judea and in all the surrounding countryside.
The raising of the son of the widow of Nain
18John’s disciples told the Baptist about all these things. 19John called two of his disciples and sent them to Jesus to ask, “Are you the one who is coming, or should we look for another?” 20When the men reached Jesus, they said, “John the Baptizer has sent us to you, saying, ‘Are you the one who is coming or should we look for another?’”
21At that very time, Jesus had been healing many diseases, plagues and evil spirits; and had given sight to many who were blind. 22Jesus answered them, “Go and tell John what you have seen and heard: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have Good News preached to them. 23Blessed is he who is not offended by me.”
24When John’s messengers had departed, Jesus began to tell the multitudes about John, “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? 25What then did you go out to see? A man clothed in soft clothing? Behold, those who are gorgeously dressed and live delicately are in kings’ courts. 26But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and much more than a prophet. 27This is he of whom it is written,
Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way before you. (Malachi 3:1)
28For I tell you, among those who are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptizer; yet whoever is least in the Kingdom of God is greater than he.”
29Hearing this, all the people and the tax collectors who had been baptized with John’s baptism confessed God to be vindicated. 30However, the Pharisees and the lawyers rejected God’s purpose, not being baptized by him themselves.
31“To what, then, can I compare the people of this generation? What are they like? 32They are like children who sit in the marketplace and who call one another, saying, ‘We played the pipes to you, and you did not dance. We mourned, and you did not cry.’ 33For John the Baptizer came neither eating bread nor drinking wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon.’ 34The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Behold, a glutton and a drunkard; a friend of tax collectors and sinners.’ 35Yet Wisdom is justified by all her children.”
A sinful woman is forgiven
36One of the Pharisees invited Jesus to eat with him. He entered into the Pharisee’s house, and sat at the table. 37And behold, a woman who was a sinner in the city, when she learned that he was at table in the Pharisee’s house, brought an alabaster jar of perfume. 38Standing behind at his feet, weeping, she began to wet his feet with her tears, and she wiped them with the hair of her head. She also kissed his feet and anointed them with the perfumed oil. 39Now, when the Pharisee who had invited Jesus saw this, he said to himself, “If this man were a prophet, he would have perceived who is touching him and what kind of woman this is, that she is a sinner.”
40Jesus said to him, “Simon, I have something to tell you.”
He replied, “Speak, teacher.”
41“A certain lender had two debtors. One owed five hundred denarii, and the other fifty. 42When they could not pay, he forgave them both. Then, which of them will love him the most?”
43Simon answered, “The one to whom he forgave the most I suppose.”
Jesus said to him, “You have judged correctly.” 44Turning to the woman, he said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? I entered into your house, and you gave me no water for my feet; but she has wet my feet with her tears and wiped them with the her hair. 45You gave me no kiss, but since the time I came in, she has not ceased kissing my feet. 46You did not anoint my head with oil, but she has anointed my feet with perfume. 47Therefore, I tell you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven because she has loved much. But the one to whom little is forgiven loves little.” 48Jesus said to her, “Your sins are forgiven.”
49Those who sat at the table with him began to say to themselves, “Who is this who even forgives sins?”
50Then Jesus said to the woman, “Your faith has saved you. Go in peace.”
The women disciples of the Lord
1Soon afterwards, Jesus went through cities and villages, preaching and bringing the Good News of the Kingdom of God. With him were the Twelve, 2and certain women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary who was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out; 3Joanna, the wife of Chuzas, Herod’s steward; Susanna; and many others; who served him from their possessions.
4As a great crowd was coming together and as people from every city were coming to him, he spoke by a parable.
5“A farmer went out to sow his seed. As he was sowing, some fell along the wayside; it was trampled under foot, and the birds of the sky devoured it. 6Other seed fell on the rock, and as soon as it grew, it withered away because it had no moisture. 7Other fell among the thorns, and the thorns grew with it, and choked it. 8Other fell into the good ground, grew, and brought forth fruit a hundred times.” As he said this, he exclaimed, “Let anyone with ears to hear listen.”
9Then his disciples asked him, “What does this parable mean?”
10Jesus replied, “To you it is given to know the mysteries of the Kingdom of God, but to the rest, in parables, so that ‘seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.’ 11Now, this what the parable means: The seed is the word of God. 12Those along the wayside are those who hear. Then, the devil comes and takes away the word from their heart, so that they may not believe and be saved. 13Those on the rock are those who receive the word with joy when they hear. But they have no root; they believe for a while, then fall away in time of temptation. 14What fell among the thorns is those who have heard, and as they go on their way, they are choked with worries, wealth, and the pleasures of life; and they bring no fruit to maturity. 15As for the seed that fell in the rich soil, this is those who have heard the word with an honest and good heart, who retain it and bring forth fruit with endurance.
The lamp – Nothing is secret
16No one who has lit a lamp covers it with a lid, or puts it under a bed. Instead, it is put on a stand so that those who enter in may see the light. 17Nothing is hidden that will not be revealed. Nothing is secret that will not be known and come to light. 18Therefore, be careful how you hear. Whoever has will be given more; whoever does not have, even what he thinks he has will be taken from him.”
The Lord’s true family
19His mother and brothers came to him, but they could not come near him because of the crowd. 20It was reported to him, “Your mother and your brothers are standing outside, desiring to see you.”
21But Jesus answered, “My mother and my brothers are those who hear the word of God and do it.”
The calming of the storm
22On one of those days, he entered into a boat with his disciples and said to them, “Let us go over to the other side of the lake.” And so, they launched out. 23But as they were sailing, Jesus fell asleep. A wind storm came down on the lake, and they were taking on dangerous amounts of water. 24His disciples came to him and woke him up, saying, “Master, master, we are perishing.” Jesus awoke, rebuked the wind and the raging of the water, and they ceased, and it was calm. 25He said to them, “Where is your faith?” In fear and amazement, they said to one another, “Who is this, then, that he commands even the winds and the water, and they obey him?” 26Then, they reached the country of the Gadarenes, which is opposite Galilee.
The healing of a demoniac – The demons expelled in the herd of swine
27When Jesus stepped ashore, a man from the town who had had demons for a long time came to meet him. This man wore no clothes, and he did not live in a house, but in the tombs. 28When he saw Jesus, he cried out and fell down before him. With a loud voice, he said, “What do you want from me, Jesus, you Son of the Most High God? I beg you, do not torment me.” 29For Jesus was commanding the unclean spirit to come out of the man. The unclean spirit had often seized the man and he was kept under guard, bound with chains and fetters. But breaking the chains he was driven by the demon into deserted places.
30Jesus asked him, “What is your name?”
He replied, “Legion,” for many demons had entered into him. 31And they begged him not to command them to go into the abyss. 32Now, there was a large herd of swine feeding on the mountain, and the demons begged him that he would allow them to enter into those; and Jesus allowed them. 33The demons came out from the man and entered into the pigs. Then the herd rushed down the steep bank into the lake and were drowned. 34When the people who fed the pigs saw what had happened, they fled and told the story in the city and in the countryside.
35Then, people went out to see what had happened. They came to Jesus and found the man from whom the demons had gone out. He was sitting at Jesus’ feet, clothed and in his right mind; and they were afraid. 36Those who had seen it told the people how the demon-possessed man had been delivered. 37All the people of the surrounding country of the Gadarenes asked Jesus to depart from them, because they were extremely afraid. So he got into the boat and went back. 38The man from whom the demons had gone out begged to go with Jesus, but Jesus sent him away, saying, 39“Return to your house and proclaim what great things God has done for you.” So the man went on his way, proclaiming throughout the whole city what great things Jesus had done for him.
The healing of Jairus’ daughter and of the woman with an issue of blood
40When Jesus returned, the multitude welcomed him, for they were all waiting for him. 41And behold, a man named Jairus came, and he was a ruler of the synagogue. He fell down at Jesus’ feet and begged him to come to his house 42because he had an only daughter, about twelve years old, who was dying. But as Jesus went, the crowd pressed against him. 43There was a woman who had a flow of blood for twelve years and who had spent all she had on physicians, but she could not be healed by any. 44She came behind him and touched the fringe of his cloak. Immediately, the flow of her blood stopped. 45Jesus said, “Who touched me?”
As everyone was denying it, Peter and those with him said, “Master, the people are crowding and pressing against you, and you ask, ‘Who touched me?’”
46But Jesus said, “Someone has touched me, for I perceived that power has gone out from me.” 47When the woman saw that she was not hidden, she came forth trembling. Falling down before Jesus, in the presence of all the people, she confessed to him why she had touched him, and how she had immediately been healed. 48He said to her, “Daughter, be of good cheer. Your faith has made you well. Go in peace.”
49While Jesus was still speaking, someone came from the ruler of the synagogue’s house, saying to him, “Your daughter is dead. Do not trouble the Teacher.”
50But when Jesus heard it, he answered, “Do not be afraid. Only believe, and she will be healed.”
51When Jesus arrived at the house, he did not allow anyone to enter in, except Peter, John, James, as well as the father of the child and her mother. 52All were weeping and mourning the girl, but Jesus said, “Do not weep. She is not dead, but sleeping.”
53But they mocked him, knowing that she was dead. 54Jesus put them all outside, and taking the girl by the hand, he called, “Child, arise.” 55Her spirit returned, and she immediately got up. He ordered that something to eat should be given to her. 56Her parents were amazed, but he commanded them to tell no one what had been done.
The commission of the Twelve apostles
1Calling his twelve disciples together, Jesus gave them power and authority over all demons, and to cure diseases. 2He then sent them forth to preach the Kingdom of God and to heal the sick. 3Jesus said to them, “Do not take anything for the journey – no staff, no bag, no bread, no money, no extra tunic. 4Whatever house you enter, stay there until you leave from that place. 5Wherever people do not welcome you, shake the dust off your feet when you leave their town, as a testimony against them.”
6They departed and went throughout the villages, preaching the Good News, and healing everywhere.
Herod’s view of Jesus
7Now, Herod the tetrarch heard of all that was done by Jesus. He was very perplexed, because it was said by some that John had risen from the dead. 8Some said that Elijah had appeared, and others that one of the old prophets had risen again. 9Herod said, “I have beheaded John, but who is this about whom I hear such things?” And he desired to see Jesus.
10When they returned, the apostles told him what things they had done.
Then, Jesus took them with him, and they withdrew to a deserted place of a city called Bethsaida.
The feeding of the five thousand
11However, the crowd perceived this and followed him. Jesus welcomed them, speaking to them about the Kingdom of God, and curing those who needed healing. 12Late in the afternoon, the Twelve came to him and said, “Send the people away, so that they may go into the surrounding villages and farms to find lodging and get food, for we are here in a deserted place.”
13But Jesus said to them, “You give them something to eat.”
They replied, “We have no more than five loaves and two fish, unless we go and buy food for all these people.” 14For they were about five thousand men.
Jesus then said to his disciples, “Make them sit down in groups of about fifty each.” 15They did so, and made them all sit down. 16He took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he blessed them, and broke them, and gave them to the disciples to set before the multitude. 17Everybody ate, and all were satisfied. The disciples gathered up twelve baskets of broken pieces that were left over.
Peter’s confession of faith – The Lord’s passion is announced
18Once, as Jesus was praying alone and the disciples were with him, he asked them, “Who do the multitudes say that I am?”
19They answered, “‘John the Baptizer,’ but others say, ‘Elijah,’ and others, that one of the old prophets is risen again.”
20Jesus said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
Peter answered, “The Christ of God.”
21But he warned them and commanded them to tell this to no one, 22saying, “The Son of Man must suffer many things, be rejected by the elders, the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and the third day be raised up.”
Requirements for discipleship
23Jesus said to all, “Anyone who desires to come after me must deny himself, take up his cross daily, and follow me. 24For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever will lose his life for my sake will save it. 25Indeed what profit is there if someone gains the whole world but loses or surrenders his own self? 26If anyone is ashamed of me and my words, the Son of Man will be ashamed of him when he comes in his glory, and in the glory of the Father and of the holy angels. 27But I tell you the truth: There are some who stand here who will in no way taste of death, until they see the Kingdom of God.”
The Lord’s transfiguration
28About eight days after these sayings, Jesus took with him Peter, John, and James, and went up to the mountain to pray. 29As he was praying, the appearance of his face was altered, and his clothing became white and dazzling. 30And behold, two men were talking with him, who were Moses and Elijah. 31They appeared in glory and spoke of his departure, which he was about to accomplish in Jerusalem.
32Now, Peter and those who were with him were heavy with sleep, but when they were fully awake, they saw his glory and the two men who stood with him. 33As Moses and Elijah were departing from him, Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is good for us to be here. Let us make three tents: one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.” He did not know what he was saying.
34While Peter was saying these things, a cloud came and overshadowed them, and they were afraid as they entered into the cloud. 35A voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is my beloved Son. Listen to him.” 36And after the voice had spoken, Jesus was found alone. They kept silent and told no one in those days of what they had seen.
The healing of a demon-possessed boy
37On the next day, when they had come down from the mountain, a great multitude met him. 38A man from the crowd called out, saying, “Teacher, I beg you to look at my son, for he is my only child. 39Behold, when a spirit seizes him, he suddenly cries out and it convulses him so that he foams at the mouth. It scarcely ever leaves him and is breaking him. 40I begged your disciples to cast it out, but they could not.”
41Jesus answered, “Faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you and bear with you? Bring your son here.”
42While the boy was still coming, the demon threw him down and convulsed him violently. But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, healed the boy, and gave him back to his father.
43And all were astonished at the majesty of God. While all were marvelling at all that Jesus did, he said to his disciples,
The Lord announces his passion
44“Let these words sink into your ears, for the Son of Man will be delivered up into the hands of men.” 45But they did not understand this saying; it was concealed from them so that they should not understand its meaning, and they were afraid to ask him about this saying.
Who is greatest in the Kingdom
46A dispute sprang up among them about which of them was the greatest. 47Jesus, perceiving the reasoning of their hearts, took a little child and set him by his side. 48He then said to them, “Whoever receives this little child in my Name receives me. Whoever receives me receives him who sent me. For whoever is the least among you all, this one will be great.”
The exorcist who used the Name of Jesus
49John said, “Master, we saw someone casting out demons in your Name, and we tried to stop him because he does not follow with us.”
50Jesus said to him, “Do not forbid him, for whoever is not against us is for us.”
The journey to Jerusalem – Would-be disciples
51It came to pass, when the days were near for him to be taken up, that he resolutely set his face to go to Jerusalem, 52and he sent messengers ahead of him. They went and entered into a village of the Samaritans in order to make preparation for him. 53But the people did not receive him because he was heading for Jerusalem. 54When his disciples James and John saw this, they said, “Lord, do you want us to command fire to come down from heaven and destroy them, just as Elijah did?”
55But Jesus turned around and rebuked them, “You do not know of what kind of spirit you are. 56For the Son of Man did not come to destroy people’s lives but to save them.”
They went on to another village. 57As they went on the way, a certain man said to him, “I want to follow you wherever you go, Lord.”
58Jesus said to him, “The foxes have holes, and the birds of heaven have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay his head.”
59He said to another, “Follow me.”
But the man said, “Lord, allow me first to go and bury my father.”
60But Jesus replied, “Leave the dead to bury their own dead. But you go and announce the Kingdom of God.”
61Another also said, “I want to follow you, Lord, but first allow me to say goodbye to those who are at my house.”
62But Jesus said to him, “No one who has put his hand to the plough and looks back is fit for the Kingdom of God.”
The seventy apostles
1After these things, the Lord also appointed seventy others and sent them two by two ahead of him into every city and place where he was about to go. 2Jesus said to them, “The harvest is indeed plentiful, but the labourers are few. Pray therefore to the Lord of the harvest, that he may send out labourers into his harvest. 3Go on your ways, be aware that I am sending you out as lambs among wolves. 4Do not carry a purse, a wallet, or sandals. Do not greet anyone on the way. 5Whatever house you enter, first say, ‘Peace be to this house.’ 6If a follower of peace is there, your peace will rest on him; but if not, it will return to you. 7Remain in that house, eating and drinking what they will give, for the labourer deserves his wages. Do not go from house to house. 8Whatever town you enter and if the people welcome you, eat whatever is set before you. 9Heal the sick who are there and tell them, ‘The Kingdom of God has come near to you.’ 10But if you enter into any town and people there do not welcome you, go out into its streets and say, 11‘Even the dust from your city that clings to us, we wipe off against you. Nevertheless, know this, that the Kingdom of God has come near to you.’ 12I tell you, it will be more tolerable in that day for Sodom than for such a city.
Woe to Chorazin and Bethsaida
13Woe to you, Chorazin. Woe to you, Bethsaida. For if the deeds of power which were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. 14But in the judgement, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon than for you. 15You, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? No, you will be brought down to hades . 16Whoever listens to you listens to me, and whoever rejects you rejects me. Whoever rejects me rejects the one who sent me.”
Return of the seventy – Satan falling like lightning
17The seventy returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your Name.” 18Jesus said to them, “I saw Satan having fallen like lightning from heaven. 19Behold, I give you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy. Nothing will in any way hurt you. 20Nevertheless, do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you; but rejoice that your names are written in heaven.”
The Lord praises the Father
21In that same hour, Jesus rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said, “I confess you, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth , that you have hidden these things from the wise and learned, and revealed them to little children. Yes, Father, for doing so was well-pleasing in your sight.”
22Turning to the disciples, he said, “Everything has been delivered to me by my Father. No one knows who the Son is, except the Father, and who the Father is, except the Son, and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”
23Turning to the disciples, Jesus said privately, “Blessed are the eyes which see the things that you see. 24For I tell you that many prophets and kings desired to see what you see, but they did not see them; and to hear what you hear, but they did not hear them.”
The greatest commandment – The parable of the good samaritan
25Behold, an expert in the law stood up and put him to the test, saying, “Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?”
26Jesus answered, “What is written in the law? How do you read it?”
27The man answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbour as yourself.”
28Jesus said to him, “You have answered correctly. Do this, and you will live.”
29But the lawyer, desiring to justify himself, asked Jesus, “And who is my neighbour?”
30Jesus answered, “A certain man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho when he fell into the hands of robbers. They stripped him of his clothes and beat him. Then they went away, leaving him half-dead. 31By chance, a certain priest was going down that way. But when the priest saw him, he passed by on the other side. 32In the same way, a Levite also came to the place, but when he saw the beaten man, he passed by on the other side. 33Now, a certain Samaritan was travelling and arrived at the spot where the man was. When the Samaritan saw the wounded man, he was moved with compassion, 34came to him, and wrapped his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. He placed the man on his own animal and brought him to an inn, and took care of him. 35On the next day, when he was leaving, he took out two denarii and gave them to the host, saying to him, ‘Take care of him. Whatever you spend beyond that, I will pay you back when I return.’ 36Now, which one of these three do you think seemed to be a neighbour to the man who fell among the robbers?”
37The lawyer replied, “The one who showed mercy on him.”
Then Jesus said to him, “Go and do likewise.”
Martha and Mary
38As they went on their way, Jesus entered into a village, and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house. 39She had a sister called Mary who also sat at Jesus’ feet and listened to his word. 40However, Martha was distracted with much serving. She came up to Jesus, and said, “Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me to serve alone? Ask her to help me.”
41But Jesus answered, “Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things. 42Yet, one thing is needed. Mary has chosen the good part, and it will not be taken away from her.”
The Lord’s Prayer
1One day, when Jesus had finished praying in a certain place, one of his disciples said to him, “Lord, teach us to pray, just as John also taught his disciples.”
2Jesus said to them, “When you pray, say,
Our Father in heaven, may your Name be kept holy.
May your Kingdom come.
May your will be done on Earth, as it is in heaven.
3Give us day by day our daily bread.
4Forgive us our sins,
for we ourselves also forgive everyone who is indebted to us;
and lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from the evil one.
Persistence in prayer
5He said to them, “Suppose one of you has a friend. You go to this friend’s house at midnight and tell him, ‘Friend, lend me three loaves of bread. 6A friend of mine has come to me from a journey, and I have nothing to set before him.’ 7Then, the one inside answers and says, ‘Do not bother me. The door is now shut and my children are with me in bed. I cannot get up and give you anything.’ 8I tell you, although he will not get up and give food to him because they are friends, yet because of the requester’s bold persistence, he will get up and give him as much as he needs.
9I tell you, keep asking, and it will be given you. Keep seeking, and you will find. Keep knocking, and it will be opened to you. 10For everyone who asks receives. Whoever seeks finds. To the one who knocks it will be opened.
11Who among you fathers, if your son asks for bread, will give him a stone? Or if a son asks for a fish, the father will not give him a snake instead of a fish, will he? 12Or if a son asks for an egg, the father will not give him a scorpion, will he? 13If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him.”
14Jesus was casting out a demon which was mute, and when the demon had gone out, the mute man spoke and the people were amazed. 15However, some of them said, “He casts out demons by Beelzebul, the prince of the demons.” 16Others put him to the test and asked from him a sign from heaven. 17But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said to them, “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation. A house divided against itself falls. 18If Satan is divided against himself, how will his kingdom stand? For you say that I cast out demons by Beelzebul. 19But if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your children cast them out? Therefore, they will be your judges. 20However, if it is by the finger of God that I cast out demons, then the Kingdom of God has come to you.
21When a strong man is fully armed and guards his own house, his goods are safe. 22But when someone stronger attacks him and overpowers him, he takes away the armour in which the man trusted and divides up the spoils.
23Whoever is not with me is against me. Whoever does not gather with me scatters.
An evil spirit leaves and returns
24When an unclean spirit has gone out of a person, he passes through dry places, seeking rest. But finding no rest, the unclean spirit says, ‘I will return to my house from which I came out.’ 25When he returns, he finds it swept and put in order. 26He then goes and brings seven other spirits more evil than himself, and they enter in and dwell there. The last state of that person becomes worse than the first.”
Great and greater blessedness
27As Jesus was saying these things, a woman called out from the crowd and said to him, “Blessed is the womb that bore you, and the breasts which nursed you.”
28But Jesus said, “Yes, and more than that, blessed are those who hear the word of God and keep it.”
The sign of Jonah
29As the crowds were increasing, he began to say, “This is an evil generation; it asks for a sign. No sign will be given to this generation except the sign of Jonah the prophet. 30For just as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites, the Son of Man will also be a sign to this generation. 31The Queen of the South will rise up in the judgement along with the people of this generation, and she will condemn them: for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold, someone greater than Solomon is here. 32The people of Nineveh will stand up in the judgement with this generation and they will condemn it because they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, someone greater than Jonah is here.
The lamp of the body
33No one who has lit a lamp puts it in a cellar or under a basket. Instead, it is placed on a stand so that those who come in may see the light. 34The lamp of the body is the eye. Therefore, when your eye is healthy, your whole body is also full of light; but when it is evil, your body also is full of darkness. 35And so, see whether the light that is in you is not darkness. 36If your whole body is full of light, having no dark part, it will be completely full of light, as when the lamp with its bright shining gives you light.”
About the Pharisees
37Now, as Jesus was speaking, a certain Pharisee asked him to have dinner with him. Jesus went in, and reclined at the table. 38When the Pharisee saw it, he was astonished that Jesus had not first washed himself before dinner. 39But the Lord said to him, “You Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and platter, but your inside is full of extortion and wickedness. 40You fools. Did not the one who made the outside also make the inside? 41But as for what is inside you, be generous to the needy, and behold, everything will be clean to you. 42But woe to you Pharisees. For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, but you bypass justice and the love of God. You should have done these while not leaving the other undone. 43Woe to you Pharisees. For you love the best seats in the synagogues and the greetings in the marketplaces. 44Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites. You are like hidden graves, and people who walk over them do not know it.”
45One of the experts in the law exclaimed, “Teacher, in saying this you insult us also.”
46Jesus said, “Woe to you lawyers also. For you load men with burdens that are difficult to carry, and you yourselves will not even lift one finger to help carry those burdens. 47Woe to you. For you build the tombs of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. 48And so, you testify and consent to the works of your fathers. For they killed the prophets, and you build their tombs. 49Therefore, the wisdom of God also said, ‘I will send them prophets and apostles. Some of them they will kill and persecute, 50so that the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world may be required of this generation; 51from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zachariah who perished between the altar and the sanctuary.’ Yes, I tell you that this generation will be charged with this blood. 52Woe to you experts of the law. You have taken away the key to knowledge; you yourselves have not entered, and you have hindered those who were entering.”
53As he said these things to them, the scribes and Pharisees began a furious attack on him and tried to force answers from him on many questions. 54They were lying in wait for him and seeking to catch him in something he might say, in order to accuse him.
Warning about the Pharisees – Nothing is hidden
1Meanwhile, a crowd of many thousands had gathered, to the point that they trampled on each other. Jesus began to speak, first of all to his disciples, “Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees which is hypocrisy. 2Nothing is covered up that will not be revealed; or hidden, that will not be known. 3Therefore, whatever you have said in the darkness will be heard in the light. What you have whispered in the ear in the inner rooms will be proclaimed on the housetops.
Persecutions – True fear
4I tell you, my friends, do not be afraid of those who kill the body and after that can do no more. 5But I will warn you whom you should fear: fear the one who after he has killed, has power to cast into Gehenna. Yes, I tell you, fear him.
6Are not five sparrows sold for two small coins ? Yet not one of them is forgotten by God. 7Indeed, the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Therefore, do not be afraid. You are of more value than many sparrows.
8I tell you, whoever confesses me before men, the Son of Man will also acknowledge before the angels of God. 9But whoever denies me in the presence of men will be denied in the presence of the angels of God.
The unforgivable sin
10Everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but those who blaspheme against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven. 11When you are brought before the synagogues, rulers, and authorities, do not be anxious about how you will defend yourselves or what you will say; 12for the Holy Spirit will teach you in that same hour what you must say.”
13Someone from the crowd said to him, “Teacher, tell my brother to share the inheritance with me.”
14But Jesus replied, “Friend, who made me a judge or arbitrator over you?” 15He said to them, “Beware. Keep yourselves from covetousness, for a person’s life does not consist in the abundance of his possessions.”
The rich fool
16Then Jesus told them a parable, saying, “The ground of a certain rich man produced in abundance. 17He thought to himself, ‘What will I do? I do not have room to store my crops.’ 18Then the man said, ‘This is what I will do: I will pull down my barns, build bigger ones, and there I will store all my grain and my goods. 19Then I will say to my soul, “Soul, you have many goods stored up for many years. Take your ease, eat, drink, and be merry.”’
20But God said to him, ‘You fool. Tonight your soul is demanded of you. The things which you have prepared, to whom will they belong?’ 21This is how it is when someone amasses treasure for himself but is not rich toward God.”
Anxiety – Reliance on God
22Jesus said to his disciples, “Therefore, I tell you not to be anxious about your life, what you will eat; or about your body, what you will wear. 23Life is more than food and the body is more than clothing. 24Consider the ravens: they do not sow, they do not reap, they do not have a warehouse or barn, and God feeds them. And how much more valuable you are than birds. 25Which one of you by worrying can add a single day to his life? 26If you are not able to accomplish even the smallest things, why then are you anxious about the rest? 27Consider the lilies, how they grow. They do not toil or spin; yet, I tell you that even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. 28But if this is how God clothes the grass in the field, which today exists and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, how much more will he clothe you, you of little faith? 29Do not set your hearts on what you will eat or drink; do not be apprehensive. 30It is the pagan world that runs after all these things, and your Father understands that you need them. 31Seek rather the Kingdom of God and all these things will be added to you. 32Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has been pleased to give you the kingdom. 33Sell your possessions and give to those in need. Make for yourselves purses which do not grow old, a treasure in the heavens that does not fail, where no thief can reach and where moth cannot destroy. 34For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
35Be dressed in readiness and keep your lamps burning. 36Be like people waiting for their master to return from the wedding feast, ready to open the door as soon as he comes and knocks. 37Blessed are those servants whom the lord will find watching when he comes. Amen, I tell you: he will dress himself, make them recline, and he will come to serve them. 38They will be blessed if the master comes in the second or third watch, and finds them doing so. 39But know this, that if the master of the house had known when the thief was coming, he would have kept watch and not allowed his house to be broken into. 40Therefore, be ready also, for the Son of Man is coming in an hour when you do not expect him.”
41Peter said to him, “Lord, are you telling this parable to us, or to everyone?”
42The Lord replied, “Who, then, is the faithful and wise steward whom his master will set over his household to give them their allowance of food at the proper time? 43Blessed is that servant whom his lord will find doing so when he returns. 44Truly I tell you, he will set this servant over all that he has. 45But what if the servant says in his heart, ‘My lord is late in returning’ and begins to beat his fellow-servants, both men and women, and also to eat, drink and become drunk? 46Then the lord of that servant will come in a day when he is not expecting him, and in an hour that he does not know. He will cut the servant in two and assign him a place with the unbelievers. 47Such a servant, who knew his lord’s will and yet did not prepare or do what the master wanted will be beaten with many stripes. 48But a servant who did not know and did things worthy of punishment will be beaten with few stripes. From everyone to whom much is given, much will be required; and from whoever was entrusted with much, much will be asked.
Fire, division, not peace upon the earth
49I have come to bring fire upon the earth, and how I wish it were blazing already. 50But now, I have a baptism to be baptized with, and how distressed I am until it is accomplished. 51Do you think that I have come to bring peace on earth? No, I tell you, but rather division. 52For from now on, there will be five in a divided house, three against two, and two against three. 53They will be divided, father against son, son against father; mother against daughter, and daughter against her mother; mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.”
Interpreting the signs of the time – Making peace with opponents
54Jesus also said to the multitudes, “When you see a cloud rising from the west, you immediately say, ‘A shower is coming,’ and so it happens. 55When a south wind blows, you say, ‘There will be a scorching heat,’ and it happens. 56You hypocrites. You know how to interpret the appearance of the earth and sky, but how is it that you do not interpret this time?
57Why do you not judge for yourselves what is right? 58For when you are going with your adversary before the magistrate, as you are on the way, do your utmost to be released from him, for fear that perhaps he will drag you to the judge, and the judge might deliver you to the officer, and the officer might throw you into prison. 59I tell you, you will by no means get out of there, until you have paid the very last penny. ”
Call to repentance
1At that time, some were present who told Jesus about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mixed with their sacrifices. 2Jesus answered, “Do you think that these Galileans were worse sinners than all the other Galileans, because they suffered such things? 3I tell you, no, but unless you repent, you will all perish in the same way. 4Or those eighteen who died when the tower in Siloam fell. Do you think that they were worse offenders than all those who live in Jerusalem? 5I tell you, no, but, unless you repent, you will all perish as they did.”
The parable of the unproductive fig tree
6He then said this parable. “A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard. He came to look for fruit on it, but found nothing. 7He said to the vine dresser, ‘Behold, I have come looking for fruit on this fig tree for three years, and found none. Cut it down. Why does it waste the soil?’ 8The gardener answered, ‘Lord, let it be for this year also, until I dig around it and fertilize it. 9If it bears fruit, fine; but if not, after that, you can cut it down.’”
The healing of crippled woman on the Sabbath
10Jesus was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath day. 11Behold, there was a woman who had had a spirit of infirmity for eighteen years. She was bent over and could not straighten herself up. 12When Jesus saw her, he called her, and said to her, “Woman, you are freed from your infirmity.” 13He laid his hands on her and immediately, she stood up straight and glorified God.
14However, the ruler of the synagogue was indignant because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath. He said to the crowd, “There are six days in which people should work. Therefore, come on those days and be healed, not on the Sabbath day.”
15Then, the Lord answered him, “You hypocrites. Does not each one of you free his ox or his donkey from the stall on the Sabbath, and lead it out to water? 16Should not this woman, a daughter of Abraham who was bound by Satan for eighteen years, be freed from this bondage on the Sabbath day?”
17As he said these things, all his adversaries were put to shame and all the people rejoiced over all the glorious things that were done by him.
The mustard seed – The yeast – The narrow door
18Jesus said, “What is the Kingdom of God like? To what shall I compare it? 19It is like a grain of mustard seed which someone picked up and planted in his own garden. It grew and became a large tree, and the birds of the air found shelter in its branches.”
20Again he said, “To what shall I compare the Kingdom of God? 21It is like yeast, which a woman took and hid in three measures of flour, until it was all leavened.”
22Jesus was on his way through cities and villages, teaching and travelling onward to Jerusalem. 23Someone asked him, “Lord, are those who are saved, few?”
Jesus replied, 24“Do your utmost to enter in by the narrow door. For I tell you that many will try to enter, but they will not be able. 25Once the master of the house has risen up and shut the door, you will stand outside and knock on the door, saying, ‘Lord, Lord, open to us.’ But then, he will answer, ‘I do not know you or where you come from.’ 26Then you will start saying, ‘We ate and drank in your company and you taught in our streets.’ 27But the master will reply, ‘I tell you, I do not know where you come from. Depart from me, all you workers of iniquity.’ 28In that place, there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when you see Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and all the prophets in the Kingdom of God, and yourselves being thrown outside. 29People will come from the east, west, north, and south, and they will have a place in the Kingdom of God. 30And behold, some are last who will be first and some are first who will be last.”
Herod wants to kill the Lord – Lament over Jerusalem
31On that same day, some Pharisees came and said to Jesus, “Leave this place and go somewhere else, for Herod wants to kill you.”
32Jesus replied, “Go and tell that fox, ‘Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I fulfil my end. 33Nevertheless, I must go on my way today and tomorrow and the next day, for it cannot be that a prophet should perish outside of Jerusalem.’
34Jerusalem, Jerusalem, that kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her. How often have I longed to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you were not willing. 35Behold, your house is left to you desolate. I tell you, you will not see me, until you say, ‘Blessed is he who comes in the Name of the Lord.’”
The healing of a man with dropsy on the Sabbath day
1Now, it happened that Jesus went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath to eat bread, and they were watching him. 2And behold, a certain man who had swollen arms and legs was in front of him. 3Jesus answered and spoke to the experts in the law and to the Pharisees, saying, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”
4But they remained silent.
So taking hold of the man, Jesus healed him and sent him away. 5He answered them, “Which of you, if your son or ox falls into a well on a Sabbath day, would not immediately pull it out?”
6And they could not answer him regarding these things.
Seating at banquets: about self-exaltation
7When Jesus noticed how people chose the best seats, he told the guest a parable, saying, 8“When you are invited by anyone to a marriage feast, do not sit in the best seat. It could be that someone more honourable than you might have been invited by the host, 9and he who invited both of you would come and tell you, ‘Make room for this person.’ Then, with shame, you would proceed to take the lowest place. 10Instead, when you are invited, go and sit in the lowest place. And so, when the host comes, he may tell you, ‘Friend, move up higher.’ Then you will be honoured in the presence of all who sit at the table with you. 11For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.”
12Jesus also said to the one who had invited him, “When you make a dinner or a supper, do not call your friends, brothers, kinsmen or rich neighbours because they might return the favour and pay you back. 13Instead, when you give a feast, ask the poor, the maimed, the lame, or the blind. 14Then, you will be blessed, because they do not have the means to pay you back. For you will be repaid in the resurrection of the righteous.”
The parable of the great feast or banquet
15When one of those who sat at the table with him heard these things, he said to Jesus, “Blessed is the one who will feast in the Kingdom of God.”
16But Jesus replied, “A certain man gave a great banquet and invited many people. 17At supper time, he sent out his servant to tell those who were invited, ‘Come, for everything is ready now.’ 18But they all began to make excuses.
The first told him, ‘I have bought a field, and I must go and see it. Please have me excused.’
19Another said, ‘I have bought five yoke of oxen and I must go try them out. Please have me excused.’
20Another said, ‘I have just been married, and therefore I cannot come.’
21That servant came back and reported these things to his lord. At this, the master of the house became angry and said to his servant, ‘Go out quickly into the streets and alleys of the city, and bring in the poor, the maimed, the blind, and the lame.’
22The servant said, ‘Lord, it is done as you commanded, and there is still room.’
23The lord then told the servant, ‘Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel people to come in, so that my house may be filled. 24For I tell you that none of those who were invited will taste of my supper.’”
25Great crowds were now travelling with him. He turned and said to them, 26“Anyone who comes to me and does not disregard his own father, mother, wife, children, brothers, and sisters, yes, and his own life also, cannot be my disciple. 27Whoever does not bear his own cross and follow me cannot be my disciple. 28For which of you, desiring to build a tower, does not first sit down and count the cost, to see if he has enough to complete it? 29Otherwise, when he has laid a foundation and is not able to finish, everyone who sees would begin to mock him, 30saying, ‘This fellow began to build and he was not able to finish.’ 31Or what king, as he goes to encounter another king in war, will not first sit down and consider whether he is able with ten thousand to meet the one who comes against him with twenty thousand? 32If he cannot, while the other is still far away, he sends an embassy and asks for the conditions of peace. 33In the same way, any of you who does not renounce all that he has cannot be my disciple.
34Salt is good, but if it becomes tasteless, what can make it salty again? 35It is fit neither for the soil nor for the manure pile and it is thrown out.
The parable of the lost sheep
1Now, all the tax collectors and sinners were coming close to him to hear him. 2But the Pharisees and scribes began to grumble, saying, “This man welcomes sinners and eats with them.”
3So Jesus told them this parable. 4“Which one of you, if you had one hundred sheep and lost one of them, would not leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness and go after the one that was lost, until he finds it? 5And when he has found it, he carries it on his shoulders, rejoicing. 6Coming home, he calls together his friends and neighbours, telling them, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep which was lost.’ 7I tell you that in the same way, there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous who need no repentance.
The parable of the lost coin
8Or what woman, if she had ten drachma coins and lost one, would not light a lamp, sweep the house, and look hard until she finds it? 9And when she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbours, saying, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found the drachma coin which I had lost.’ 10Likewise, I tell you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner who repents.”
The parable of the prodigal son and the disgruntled brother
11Jesus said, “A certain man had two sons. 12The younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the share of the estate that will come to me.’ So the father divided his livelihood between them. 13A few days later, the younger son gathered all that he had and travelled to a far country. There, he squandered his property, living immorally. 14When he had spent everything, a severe famine took place in that country, and he began to be in need. 15He went and hired himself to one of the citizens of that country who sent him into his fields to feed pigs. 16He wanted to feed himself with the husks that the pigs ate, but no one gave him anything. 17But when he came to himself, he said, ‘How many of my father’s hired servants have bread enough to spare, and I am dying with hunger. 18I will get up, go to my father, and tell him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you. 19I am no longer worthy to be called your son. Make me as one of your hired servants.”’
20So he set off and went to his father. But while he was still at a distance, his father saw him and was moved with compassion. He ran, and embraced his son, and kissed him. 21Then the son said, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’
22But the father said to his servants, ‘Bring out the first robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his hand and shoes on his feet. 23Bring the fattened calf, kill it, and let us eat and celebrate; 24for this, my son, was dead, and he is alive again. He was lost and is found.’ And they began to celebrate.
25Now, his elder son was in the field. As he came near to the house, he heard music and dancing. 26Calling one of the servants, he asked what was going on. 27The servant replied, ‘Your brother has returned. Your father has killed the fattened calf, because he has received him back safe and healthy.’ 28However, the elder son became angry and he would not go in. Therefore, his father came out and begged him. 29But he answered his father, ‘Look, for so many years I have served you, and I have never disobeyed a commandment of yours. Yet, you never gave me a goat so that I might celebrate with my friends. 30But when this, your son, arrived, he who has devoured your living with prostitutes, you killed the fattened calf for him.’
31The father said to him, ‘Son, you are always with me, and all that is mine is yours. 32But it was fitting to celebrate and to rejoice, for this, your brother, was dead, and is alive again. He was lost and is found.’”
The parable of the dishonest yet wise manager
1Jesus also said to his disciples, “There was a certain rich man who had a manager. An accusation was made to him that this man was wasting his possessions. 2He called his manager and told him, ‘What is this that I hear about you? Give an accounting of your stewardship, for you can no longer be steward.’
3The manager said within himself, ‘What will I do, seeing that my lord is taking away the management position from me? I do not have strength to dig. I am ashamed to beg. 4I know what I will do, so that when I am removed from management, people may receive me into their houses.’ 5Calling each one of his lord’s debtors to him, he said to the first, ‘How much do you owe to my lord?’ 6The man replied, ‘A hundred measures of oil.’ The manager said to him, ‘Take your bill, sit down quickly and write fifty.’ 7Then he said to another, ‘How much do you owe?’ That one replied, ‘A hundred cors of wheat.’ The manager said to him, ‘Take your bill, and write eighty.’
8His master praised the dishonest manager because he had acted wisely, for the children of this world are wiser than the children of the light with their own kind. 9I tell you, make for yourselves friends by means of unrighteous mammon , so that when it fails you, you may be received into the eternal dwellings. 10Whoever is faithful in a very little is also faithful in much. Whoever is dishonest in very little is also dishonest in much. 11Therefore, if you have not been faithful with unrighteous mammon, who will entrust you with true riches? 12If you have not been faithful in what belongs to another, who will give you what is your own? 13No servant can serve two masters, for either he will hate one and love the other; or else he will be attached to one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon.”
About the Pharisees – About the Law – About divorce
14The Pharisees, who were lovers of money, also heard all these things, and they scoffed at him. 15Jesus told them, “You are those who justify yourselves in the sight of people, but God knows your hearts. Indeed, what is exalted among people is an abomination in the sight of God. 16The law and the prophets were until John. Since then, the Good News of the Kingdom of God is preached, and everyone enters into it with a struggle. 17Yet, it is easier for heaven and earth to pass away than for one tiny stroke of a pen in the law to fall. 18Everyone who divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery; and the man who marries a divorced woman commits adultery.
The rich man and Lazarus
19Now, there was a certain rich man who was clothed in purple and fine linen, feasting in luxury every day. 20A certain beggar named Lazarus was laid at his gate, full of sores, 21who desired to be fed with the crumbs that fell from the rich man’s table. Yes, even dogs came and licked his sores. 22It happened that the beggar died and that he was carried away by the angels to Abraham’s bosom. The rich man also died, and was buried. 23In hades, he lifted up his eyes, being in torment, and saw Abraham far off, and Lazarus in his bosom. 24He cried and said, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, so that he may dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue. For I am in agony in this flame.’
25But Abraham replied, ‘Son, remember that in your lifetime, you received your good things, and Lazarus, in the same way, bad things. But now, he is comforted here and you are in anguish. 26Besides all this, between us and you a great gulf is fixed, so that those who want to pass from here to you cannot, and that no one may cross over from there to us.’
27He said, ‘I ask you therefore, father, that you would send Lazarus to my father’s house; 28for I have five brothers, that he might bear witness to them, so that they would not also come to this place of torment.’
29But Abraham replied to him, ‘They have Moses and the prophets. Let them listen to them.’
30But he said, ‘No, father Abraham, but if one goes to them from the dead, they will repent.’
31Then Abraham said to him, ‘If they do not listen to Moses and the prophets, neither will they be convinced if someone rises from the dead.’”
Things that cause sin – About forgiveness
1Jesus told the disciples, “It is impossible that no occasions of stumbling should come, but woe to the one through whom they come. 2It would be better for such a person to have a millstone hung around the neck and be thrown into the sea, rather than to cause any of these little ones to stumble. 3Be careful. If your brother sins against you, rebuke him. If he repents, forgive him. 4If he sins against you seven times in the day, and comes back seven times, saying, ‘I repent.’ you must forgive him.”
Faith like mustard seed
5The apostles also said to the Lord, “Increase our faith.”
6The Lord said, “If you had faith like a grain of mustard seed, you would tell this sycamore tree, ‘Be uprooted and transplanted into the sea,’ and it would obey you.
The attitude of a servant
7Now, who is there among you, having a servant ploughing or shepherding, that will say when that servant returns from the field, ‘Come at once and sit down at the table.’ 8Instead, will you not tell him, ‘Prepare my supper, clothe yourself properly, and serve me while I eat and drink. Afterwards, you may eat and drink?’ 9Does the master thank that servant because he did the things that were commanded? I think not. 10So you also, when you have done all those things which you are commanded, say, ‘We are unworthy servants, we have done our duty.’”
The healing of ten lepers
11As Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem, it happened that he was passing between Samaria and Galilee. 12As he entered into a certain village, ten men who were lepers met him, and they stood at a distance. 13They lifted up their voices, saying, “Jesus, Master, have mercy on us.” 14When Jesus saw them, he told them, “Go and show yourselves to the priests.” And it happened that as they went, they were cleansed.
15One of them, when he saw that he was healed, turned back, glorifying God with a loud voice. 16He fell on his face at Jesus’ feet, giving him thanks; and this man was a Samaritan. 17Jesus said, “Were not ten cleansed? But where are the nine? 18Was no one found who came back to glorify God, except for this foreigner?” 19Then Jesus said to him, “Get up and go your way. Your faith has healed you.”
The coming of the Kingdom – The coming of the Son of Man
20Being asked by the Pharisees when the Kingdom of God would come, Jesus answered them, “The Kingdom of God does not come with observation. 21Neither will people say, ‘Look, here.’ or, ‘Look, there.’ for behold, the Kingdom of God is in your midst.”
22Jesus told the disciples, “The days will come when you will desire to see one of the days of the Son of Man, and you will not see it. 23People will tell you, ‘Look, here.’ or ‘Look, there.’ Do not go or follow, 24for as the lightning flashes and lights up the sky from one side to the other, so will the Son of Man be in his day. 25But first, he must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation. 26As it happened in the days of Noah, so will it be in the days of the Son of Man. 27People ate, drank, got married and were given in marriage, until the day when Noah entered into the ship; and the flood came, destroying them all. 28Likewise, even as it happened in the days of Lot: people ate, drank, bought, sold, planted and built. 29But in the day that Lot went out from Sodom, it rained fire and sulphur from the sky which destroyed them all. 30It will be the same in the day that the Son of Man is revealed. 31In that day, whoever is on the housetop and his goods in the house, should not go down to take them away. Likewise, whoever is in the field should not return. 32Remember Lot’s wife. 33Whoever seeks to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life will preserve it. 34I tell you that in that night, there will be two people in one bed. One will be taken, and the other will be left. 35There will be two grinding grain together. One will be taken, and the other will be left.” 36Two will be in the field: one will be taken, and the other left.
37In reply, the disciples asked him, “Where, Lord?”
He said to them, “Where the body is, there the eagles will also be assembled.”
The parable of the persistent widow
1Jesus also told them a parable that they must always pray and not give up, 2saying, “In a certain city, there was a judge who did not fear God and did not care. 3A widow lived in that city, and she often came to him, saying, ‘Defend me from my adversary.’ 4For a time, he would not, but after a while, he said to himself, ‘Although I neither fear God nor care for anyone, 5yet because this widow is bothering me, I will defend her, or else she will wear me out by her continual visits.’”
6The Lord said, “Listen to what the unrighteous judge has to say. 7Will not God grant justice to his elect who are crying out to him day and night, although he exercises patience regarding them? 8I tell you that he will avenge them quickly. And yet, when the Son of Man comes, will he find faith on the earth?”
The parable of the Publican and the Pharisee
9Jesus also spoke this parable to certain people who were convinced of their own righteousness and who despised everyone else.
10“Two men went up into the temple to pray; one was a Pharisee, and the other was a Publican. 11The Pharisee stood and prayed by himself, like this, ‘God, I thank you that I am not like the rest of men, dishonest, unrighteous, adulterers, or even like this tax collector. 12I fast twice a week, I give tithes of all that I earn.’ 13But the tax collector, standing far aside, would not even lift up his eyes to heaven. Instead, he would beat his breast, saying, ‘God, be merciful to me, a sinner.’ 14I tell you, this man, rather than the other, went down to his house justified. For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but the one who humbles himself will be exalted.”
About children and the Kingdom
15People were also bringing their infants to him, so that Jesus might lay hands on them. But when the disciples saw this, they rebuked them. 16Jesus summoned his disciples and told them, “Allow the little children to come to me, and do not hinder them, for the Kingdom of God belongs to such as these. 17Amen, I tell you: whoever does not receive the Kingdom of God like a little child will in no way enter into it.”
The question of the rich ruler – About riches and renunciation
18A certain ruler asked him, “Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?”
19Jesus asked him, “Why do you call me good? No one is good, except one – God. 20You know the commandments, ‘Do not commit adultery,’ ‘Do not murder,’ ‘Do not steal,’ ‘Do not bear false witness,’ ‘Honour your father and your mother.’”
21The ruler replied, “I have observed all these things from my youth.”
22When Jesus heard this, he said, “You still lack one thing. Sell all that you have, distribute it to the poor, and you will have a treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.”
23But when the man heard these things, he became very distressed because he was very rich.
24Jesus, seeing that he had become very distressed, said, “How hard it is for those who have wealth to enter into the Kingdom of God. 25Indeed, it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for someone who is wealthy to enter into the Kingdom of God.”
26Those who heard this exclaimed, “Then, who can be saved?”
27But Jesus replied, “The things which are impossible with men are possible with God.”
28Peter said, “Look, we have left everything and followed you.”
29And Jesus said to them, “Amen, I tell you: there is no one who has left house, or wife, or brothers, or parents, or children, for the sake of the Kingdom of God, 30who will not receive many times more in this time, and in the age to come, eternal life.”
A third announcement of the passion
31He took the Twelve aside, and said to them, “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and all the things that are written through the prophets concerning the Son of Man will be fulfilled. 32For he will be delivered to the Gentiles, mocked, mistreated, and spit upon. 33Having flogged him, they will kill him, and on the third day, he will rise again.”
34However, they understood none of these things. What Jesus was saying was concealed from them, and they did not understand the things that were said.
The healing of a blind man
35As Jesus was approaching Jericho, a certain blind man sat by the road, begging. 36Hearing a crowd going by, he asked what this meant. 37People told him that Jesus of Nazareth was passing by. 38He began to cry out, “Jesus, you son of David, have mercy on me.” 39Then, those who led the way rebuked him, ordering him to be quiet. But the blind man cried out all the more, “You son of David, have mercy on me.”
40Standing still, Jesus commanded that the blind man be brought to him. When the man had come near, Jesus asked him, 41”What do you want me to do?”
The man replied, “Lord, that I may see again.”
42Jesus said to him, “Receive your sight. Your faith has healed you.”
43Immediately, the man received his sight and began to follow Jesus, glorifying God. When all the people saw this, they praised God.
Zacchaeus the tax collector
1Jesus entered Jericho and was passing through town. 2There was a man named Zacchaeus who was a chief tax collector, and he was rich. 3He was trying to see who Jesus was, and could not because of the crowd, because he was short. 4He ran on ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see Jesus who was to pass that way. 5When Jesus came to the place, he looked up, saw Zacchaeus, and said to him, “Zacchaeus, hurry and come down, for today I must stay at your house.” 6He hurried, came down, and received Jesus with joy. 7But when the people saw it, they all grumbled, saying, “He has gone in to stay with a man who is a sinner.”
8Zacchaeus stood up and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord, half of my goods I give to the poor. And if I have wrongfully obtained money from anyone, I restore four times as much.”
9Then Jesus said to him, “Today, salvation has come to this house, because he, too, is a son of Abraham. 10For the Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost.”
The parable of the ten mina coins
11As the people heard these things, Jesus went on to tell a parable because he was near Jerusalem, and they supposed that the Kingdom of God would be revealed immediately. 12He said therefore, “A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive a kingdom for himself, and then return. 13So he called ten of his slaves gave them ten mina coins, and told them, ‘Do business until I come.’ 14But his subjects hated him, and they sent a delegation after him, to say, ‘We do not want this man to reign over us.’
15It so happened that when he returned after receiving the kingdom, that he commanded these servants to whom he had given the money to be called to him, so that he might know what they had earned by conducting business. 16The first came before him, saying, ‘Lord, your mina has made ten more minas.’
17The king said to him, ‘Well done, you good servant. Because you were found faithful with very little, you shall have authority over ten cities.’
18The second came, saying, ‘Your mina, Lord, has made five minas.’
19And so, the king said to him, ‘And you are to be set over five cities.’ 20Another came, saying, ‘Lord, behold, your mina, which I kept laid away in a piece of cloth. 21I was afraid of you, because you are a strict man. You take up what you did not lay down, and you reap what you did not sow.’
22The king said to him, ‘Out of your own mouth will I judge you, you wicked servant. You perceived that I was a severe man, taking up what I did not lay down, and reaping what I did not sow. 23Why then did you not place my money on deposit, and at my coming, I would have collected it with interest on it?’ 24He then said to those who stood by, ‘Take the mina away from him, and give it to the one who has the ten minas.’ 25At this, they said to the master, ‘Lord, he has ten minas.’
26‘For I tell you that to everyone who has, more will be given; but from the one who does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him. 27As for those enemies of mine who did not want me to reign over them here, bring them here and kill them before me.’”
The Entrance into Jerusalem
28Having said these things, Jesus went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem. 29It so happened that when he approached Bethsphage and Bethany, at the mountain that is called Olivet, he sent two of his disciples, 30saying, “Go your way into the village on the other side. There, as you enter, you will find a colt tied up, on which no one has ever sat. Untie it, and bring it. 31If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ reply, ‘The Lord needs it.’”
32Those who were sent went away found things exactly as Jesus had told them. 33As they were untying the colt, its owners asked them, “Why are you untying the colt?” 34They replied, “The Lord needs it.” 35They brought it to Jesus, threw their cloaks on the colt, and set Jesus on them. 36As he went, they spread their cloaks in the way. 37As Jesus was now approaching, at the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the deeds of power which they had seen, 38saying, “Blessed is he who is coming, a King in the Name of the Lord. Peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.”
39And from the multitude, some of the Pharisees said to Jesus, “Teacher, rebuke your disciples.”
40But he answered them, “I tell you that if these were silent, the stones would cry out.”
The Lord weeps over Jerusalem
41As Jesus was drawing near, he saw the city and began to weep over it, 42saying, “If you, even you, had today recognised what is for your peace. But now, those things are hidden from your eyes. 43For the days will come upon you, when your enemies will throw up a fortification against you, surround you, and hem you in on every side. 44They will crush you and your children within you to the ground. They will not leave in you one stone on another, because you did not know the time of your visitation.”
The cleansing of the temple
45Then Jesus entered into the temple, and he began to drive out those who bought and sold in it, 46saying to them, “It is written, ‘My house is a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a ‘den of robbers.’”
47He was teaching every day in the temple, but the chief priests, the scribes and the leading men among the people were looking for a way to destroy him. 48However, they could not find a way to do so because all the people were captured by every word that he said.
By what authority
1It happened on one of those days, as he was teaching the people in the temple and preaching the Good News, that the priests and scribes came to him with the elders. 2They asked him, “Tell us: by what authority do you do these things? Who is giving you this authority?”
3He answered them, “I too will ask you one question. Tell me: 4the baptism of John, was it from heaven, or from men?”
5They discussed it among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will reply, ‘Why then did not you believe him?’ 6But if we say, ‘From men,’ all the people will stone us because they are convinced that John was a prophet.” 7So they answered that they did not know where it was from.
8Then Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.”
The parable of the tenant farmers
9He began to tell the people this parable. “A certain man planted a vineyard, and rented it out to some farmers, and went into another country for a long time. 10At the proper season, he sent a servant to the farmers to collect his share of the fruit of the vineyard. But the farmers beat the servant and sent him away with nothing. 11The owner then sent yet another servant, and they also beat him, treated him with contempt, and sent him away empty. 12The owner sent yet a third, and they also wounded him, and threw him out. 13Then, the lord of the vineyard thought, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. It may be that seeing him, they will respect him.’
14But when the farmers saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, so that the inheritance may be ours.’ 15So, they threw the son out of the vineyard, and killed him. Now, what will the lord of the vineyard do to them? 16He will come and destroy these farmers, and he will give the vineyard to others.”
When the people heard this, they exclaimed, “May it never be.”
17But Jesus looked at them, and said, “Then what is this that is written,
The stone which the builders rejected,
Has become the chief cornerstone? (Psalms 117:22)
18Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces,
and it will crush to dust whoever it falls on.
About paying taxes to Caesar
19The chief priests and the scribes were looking for a way to lay hands on him that very hour, but they feared the people because they knew that he had spoken this parable against them. 20They watched him and sent out spies who pretended to be righteous in order to trap him in something he might say, so that they might hand him over to the power and authority of the governor. 21They asked him, “Teacher, we know that you say and teach what is right, and that you are not partial to anyone but truly teach the way of God. 22Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?”
23But Jesus perceived their trickery and said to them, “Why are you testing me? 24Show me a denarius. Whose image and inscription are on it?”
They answered, “Caesar’s.”
25So Jesus said to them, “Then, give to Caesar what belongs to Caesar, and to God what belongs to God.”
26And they were not able to ensnare him in his words before the people. They marvelled at his answer and remained silent.
The Sadducees question the resurrection
27Some of the Sadducees came to him, people who deny that there is a resurrection. 28They asked him, “Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a man dies having a wife and without a child, his brother should take the wife and raise up a posterity for his brother. 29There were therefore seven brothers: the first took a wife and died childless. 30The second took her as wife, and he died childless. 31The third took her, and likewise all seven left no children and died. 32Afterwards, the woman also died. 33Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife will she be? For the seven had her as wife.”
34Jesus replied to them, “The children of this age get married and are given in marriage. 35But those who are considered worthy to attain to that age and to the resurrection from the dead do not marry or are given in marriage. 36They cannot die any more, because they are like the angels, and they are children of God, being children of the resurrection. 37But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed at the bush, when he called the Lord ‘The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ 38Now, he is not the God of the dead, but of the living, because all are alive to him.”
39Some of the scribes answered, “Teacher, you speak well.” 40Then, they did not dare to ask him any more questions.
About David’s son
41Jesus asked them, “Why do they say that the Christ is David’s son? 42David himself says in the book of Psalms,
The Lord said to my Lord,
Sit at my right hand,
43until I make your enemies the footstool of your feet. (Psalms 109:1)
44David therefore calls him Lord, so how is he his son?”
45While all the people were listening, Jesus said to his disciples, 46“Beware of the scribes who like to walk in long robes and who love greetings in the marketplaces, the best seats in the synagogues, and the best places at feasts. 47They devour the houses of widows and for a pretence say long prayers: they will receive greater condemnation.”
The gift of the poor widow
1Looking up, Jesus saw the rich who were putting their gifts into the treasury. 2Then, he saw a certain poor widow casting in two small copper coins. 3He said, “Amen, I tell you that this poor widow has put in more than all of them. 4For all these put in gifts for God from their abundance, but she, out of her poverty, put in all that she had to live on.”
Destruction of the temple foretold – The signs of the end
5As some were talking about the temple and how it was adorned with beautiful stonework and votive offerings, Jesus said, 6“As for these things which you see, the days will come when not one stone will be left here on another and that will not be thrown down.”
7Then, they asked him, “Teacher, so when will these things take place? What is the sign that these things are about to happen?”
8Jesus replied, “Watch out that you do not get led astray, for many will come in my Name, saying, ‘I am he ,’ and, ‘The time is at hand.’ Do not follow them. 9When you hear of wars and insurrections, do not be terrified, for these things must happen first, but the end will not come right away.” 10Then he said to them, “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. 11There will be great earthquakes, famines, and plagues in various places. There will be fearful events and great signs from heaven.
12But before all these things, you will be placed under arrest and be persecuted, you will be handed over to synagogues and prisons, brought before kings and governors for my Name’s sake. 13It will turn out for you as an occasion to bear witness. 14Therefore, settle it in your hearts not to ponder in advance how to answer, 15for I will give you a mouth and wisdom which all your adversaries will not be able to withstand or contradict. 16You will be handed over even by parents, brothers, relatives, and friends. Some of you will be put to death. 17You will be hated by all for my Name’s sake, 18yet not a hair of your head will perish. 19By your endurance you will acquire your lives.
The fall of Jerusalem foretold – The time of the Gentiles
20But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is at hand. 21Then, let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. Let those who are in the midst of her depart. Let those who are in the countryside not enter [the city]. 22For these are days of vengeance, so that everything which is written may be fulfilled. 23Woe to those who are pregnant and to those who nurse infants in those days. For there will be great distress in the land, and wrath to this people. 24They will fall by the edge of the sword and will be taken away as captives into all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled down by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.
The coming of the Son of Man
25There will be signs in the sun, moon, and stars; and on the earth, the anxiety of nations, perplexed over the roaring of the sea and the waves. 26People will faint from fear, apprehensive what is coming upon the world, as the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 27Then, they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. 28But when these things begin to happen, look up and lift up your heads, because your redemption is near.”
Learning from the fig tree – A call to be watchful
29Then he told them a parable, “Look at the fig tree and all the trees. 30When they are already budding, you see it and know on your own that the summer is already near. 31Likewise, when you see these things happening, understand that the Kingdom of God is near. 32Amen, I tell you: this generation will not pass away until everything is accomplished. 33Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away.
34And so, be on guard, for fear that your hearts may be weighed down with entertaining distractions, over-drinking, and the worries of this life, and that day will come upon you unexpectedly. 35For it will come like a snare on all those who dwell on the face of the whole earth. 36Therefore, be watchful all the time, praying that you may be counted worthy to escape all these things that will happen, and to stand before the Son of Man.”
37Every day, Jesus was teaching in the temple, and every evening, he would go out and spend the night on the mountain that is called Olivet. 38Then early in the morning, all the people came to him in the temple in order to listen to him.
The plot against Jesus
1Now, the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the Passover, was approaching. 2The chief priests and the scribes were looking for a way to do away with Jesus by killing him, but they feared the people. 3Then Satan entered into Judas, called Iscariot, who was numbered with the Twelve. 4So Judas went and talked with the chief priests and officers of the guard about how he might deliver him to them. 5They rejoiced and agreed to give him money. 6Judas agreed and began to look for an opportunity to deliver him to them when there would be no crowd.
Preparations for the Passover – The Lord’s Supper or Eucharist
7Then, the day of unleavened bread came, on which the Passover must be sacrificed. 8So Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat.”
9They asked him, “Where do you want us to make preparations?”
10Jesus replied, “Behold, when you have entered into the city, a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you. Follow him into the house which he enters. 11Then tell the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says to you, “Where is the guest room where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?”’ 12He will show you a large, furnished upper room. Make preparations there.”
13They went, found things as Jesus had told them, and made preparations for the Passover. 14When the hour had come, he sat down with the Twelve apostles. 15He said to them, “With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer, 16for I tell you, I will not eat of it until it is fulfilled in the Kingdom of God.” 17Then, taking a cup and having given thanks, he said, “Take this, and share it among you, 18for I tell you, I shall never again drink from the fruit of the vine until the Kingdom of God comes.”
19And having taken bread and given thanks, he broke it and gave to them, saying, “This is my body which is given for you. Do this in memory of me.” 20Likewise, he took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you. 21But behold, the hand of the one who betrays me is with me at the table. 22The Son of Man indeed is going, as it has been determined, but woe to that man through whom he is betrayed.”
23Then they began to discuss among themselves which of them it was who would do this thing.
Greatness and servanthood – The Twelve – Simon Peter’s role
24An argument also arose between them about which one of them was considered to be the greatest. 25Jesus said to them, “The kings of the nations have lordship over the people, and those who have authority over people are called ‘benefactors.’ 26But not so with you. Instead, the one who is the greater among you should become as the younger, and the one who is leading as the one who serves. 27Indeed, who is greater, the one reclining at the table, or the one who serves? Is it not the one at the table? Yet, I am among you as one who serves. 28But you are those who have remained with me in my trials, 29and now I bestow a kingdom upon you, just as my Father bestowed one upon me, 30so that you may eat and drink at my table in my Kingdom; and you will sit on thrones, judging the Twelve tribes of Israel.”
31And the Lord said, “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has asked to have you, so that he might sift you like wheat. 32But I have prayed for you, that your faith would not fail. And you, when you have turned back, strengthen your brethren.”
33But Simon said, “Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death.”
34At this Jesus replied, “I tell you, Peter, by the time the cock crows today, you will deny three times that you know me.”
35Then Jesus asked them, “When I sent you out without purse, bag, or sandals, did you lack anything?”
They replied, “Nothing.”
36He then said to them, “But now, whoever has a purse should take it, and likewise a bag. Whoever has no sword should sell his cloak and buy one. 37For I tell you that what is written must still be fulfilled in me, ‘He was counted with transgressors.’ Indeed, the things concerning me are fulfilled.”
38So the disciples exclaimed, “Lord, behold, here are two swords.” but he told them, “That is enough.”
The agony in the garden
39Jesus came out, and went, as his custom was, to the Mount of Olives. His disciples also followed him. 40Having arrived at the place, he said to them, “Pray that you do not enter into temptation.”
41He then withdrew from them about a stone’s throw, knelt down and prayed, 42saying, “Father, if you are willing, take this cup away from me. Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done.”
43And an angel from heaven appeared to him, strengthening him. 44Being in agony, he prayed more intensely, and his sweat became like great drops of blood falling down on the ground.
45When he rose up from his prayer, he came to the disciples and found them sleeping because of sheer grief. 46He said to them, “Why do you sleep? Rise and pray that you may not enter into temptation.”
The Lord’s betrayal and arrest in the garden
47While he was still speaking, behold, a multitude, and he who was called Judas, one of the Twelve, was leading them. He came near to Jesus to kiss him, 48but Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?”
49When those who were around him saw what was about to happen, they said to him, “Lord, shall we strike with the sword?” 50And one of them struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his right ear.
51But Jesus said, “Let me at least do this” — and he touched the servant’s ear, and healed him. 52Then Jesus said to the chief priests, captains of the temple, and elders who had come against him, “Have you come out as against someone leading a rebellion, with swords and clubs? 53When I was with you in the temple every day, you did not stretch out your hands against me. But this is your hour, and the power of the darkness.”
Peter’s threefold denial
54They arrested him and led him away, and brought him into the high priest’s house. But Peter followed from a distance. 55When they had kindled a fire in the middle of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter also sat among them. 56A certain servant girl saw him as he sat in the light, and looking intently at him, she exclaimed, “This man also was with him.”
57However, Peter denied Jesus, saying, “Woman, I do not know him.”
58A little while later, someone else saw him, and said, “You also are one of them.”
But Peter answered, “Sir, I am not.”
59After about one hour had passed, another insisted, saying, “Truly, this man also was with him, for he is a Galilean.”
60But Peter said, “Sir, I do not know what you are talking about.” And immediately, while he was still speaking, a cock crowed. 61Then the Lord turned, and looked at Peter, and Peter remembered the Lord’s word, how he had said to him, “Before the cock crows, you will deny me three times.” 62So Peter went out and wept bitterly.
63Now, the men who held Jesus were mocking him and beating him. 64Having blindfolded him, they struck him on the face and asked him, “Prophesy. Who is the one who struck you?” 65They said many other insulting things to him.
Before the Sanhedrin
66As soon as it was day, the assembly of the elders of the people was gathered, both chief priests and scribes. They brought Jesus into their council, saying, 67“If you are the Christ, tell us.”
But Jesus said to them, “If I tell you, you will not believe, 68and if I question, you will not answer me or release me. 69But from now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the Power of God.”
70They all asked, “Are you then the Son of God?”
He said to them, “You say it because I am.”
71Then they exclaimed, “Why do we need any more witnesses? We ourselves have heard from his own mouth.”
Before Pilate – Before Herod
1Their whole group arose and brought Jesus before Pilate. 2They began to bring charges against him, saying, “We have found this man perverting the nation, forbidding the paying of taxes to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ, a king.”
3So Pilate questioned him, saying, “Are you the King of the Jews?”
Jesus replied, “You say it.”
4Pilate said to the chief priests and to the crowd, “I find no basis for a charge against this man.”
5Still, they insisted, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee, even to this place.” 6But when Pilate heard Galilee mentioned, he asked if the man was a Galilean. 7When he found out that Jesus was from Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem during those days.
8Now, when Herod saw Jesus, he was extremely glad because he had desired to see him for a long time as he had heard many things about him, and he hoped to see some miracle done by him. 9He questioned Jesus with many words, but Jesus gave no reply. 10The chief priests and the scribes stood by, vehemently accusing him. 11Then Herod and his soldiers humiliated and mocked Jesus. Dressing him in a luxurious robe, they sent him back to Pilate. 12And Herod and Pilate became friends that very day. Before this, they had been enemies.
Pilate condemns the Lord to be crucified
13Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers and the people. 14He said to them, “You brought this man to me as someone who perverts the people, and behold, I did not find this man guilty of any of your charges against him. 15Neither has Herod, for he has sent him back. As you can see, this man has done nothing worthy of death. 16Therefore, I will punish him and release him.”
17Now, Pilate had to release one prisoner to them at the feast. 18But they all cried out together, saying, “Away with this man. Release Barabbas to us.” 19This one had been thrown into prison for a certain rebellion in the city, and for murder.
20Then Pilate addressed them once more, desiring to release Jesus. 21But they shouted, saying, “Crucify. Crucify him.”
22For the third time, Pilate said to them, “Why? What evil has this man done? I have found no reason for death in him. I will therefore chastise him and release him.” 23But they were insistent with loud voices, demanding that Jesus be crucified. And their shouts and the shouts of the chief priests prevailed. 24So Pilate decreed that what they were asking for should be done. 25He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, as the people had requested. But Jesus, he delivered up to their will.
Simon of Cyrene – The way of the cross
26As the soldiers were leading Jesus away, they seized Simon, a Cyrenian, coming from the countryside. They laid the cross on him, to carry it after Jesus. 27A great multitude of the people followed him, including women who also mourned and lamented him. 28But Jesus, turning to them, said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me. Instead, weep for yourselves and for your children. 29For behold, the days are coming in which people will say, ‘Blessed are the barren, the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never nursed.’ 30Then, people will begin to tell the mountains, ‘Fall on us.’ and to tell the hills, ‘Cover us.’ 31For if they do these things when the wood is green, what will be done when it is dry?”
32There were also others, two criminals, led with him to be put to death.
The Lord is crucified – Paradise promised to the condemned
33When they arrived at the place which is called The Skull, the soldiers crucified him there with the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left.
34Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.”
Dividing his garments among them, the soldiers cast lots. 35The people stood by, watching, and with them the rulers also scoffed at him, saying, “He saved others. Let him save himself, if this is the anointed one of God, the chosen one.”
36The soldiers also mocked him, coming up to him, offering him vinegar, 37and saying, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself.”
38An inscription was also written over him in letters of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew, “This is the king of the Jews.”
39One of the criminals who hanged there began to insult Jesus, saying, “Are you not the Christ? Save yourself and us as well.”
40But the other spoke up and rebuked him, saying, “Do you not even fear God, since you are under the same condemnation? 41We indeed justly, because we are receiving the due reward for our deeds, but this man has done nothing wrong.” 42He then said to Jesus, “Lord, remember me when you come in your Kingdom.”
43And Jesus said to him, “Amen I tell you: today, you will be with me in Paradise.”
The Lord’s death and burial
44It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour. 45The sun was darkened, and the veil of the sanctuary was torn in two. 46Crying with a loud voice, Jesus said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” Having said this, he breathed his last.
47When the centurion saw what had taken place, he glorified God, saying, “Certainly, this was a righteous man.” 48When all the multitudes that had come together to see this saw what had happened, they returned home beating their breasts. 49But all those who knew Jesus and the women who had followed with him from Galilee stood at a distance, watching these things.
50And now, there was a man named Joseph, who was a member of the council, a good and righteous man, 51who had not consented to their counsel and deed. He was from Arimathaea, a city of the Jews, and he was also waiting for the Kingdom of God. 52This man went to Pilate and asked for Jesus’ body. 53He took it down, wrapped it in a linen shroud and laid him in a tomb that was cut in stone, where no one had ever been laid. 54It was the Preparation, and the Sabbath was drawing near. 55The women who had come with Jesus out of Galilee followed and saw the tomb, and how his body was laid. 56They returned, and prepared spices and ointments. On the Sabbath, they rested according to the commandment.
The Lord’s resurrection
1On the first day of the week, at early dawn, they and some others came to the tomb, bringing the spices which they had prepared. 2But they found the stone rolled away from the tomb. 3So they entered in and did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. 4And it happened, as they were greatly perplexed about this, that behold, two men stood by them in shining garments. 5Terrified, the women bowed their faces to the ground.
The two men said to them, “Why do you seek the living among the dead? 6He is not here, but he is risen. Remember what he told you when he was still in Galilee, 7saying that the Son of Man must be delivered up into the hands of sinful men, be crucified, and the third day rise again?”
8Then, they remembered Jesus’ words. 9Returning from the tomb, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the others. 10Now, they were Mary Magdalene, Joanna, and Mary the mother of James. The other women with them told these things to the apostles. 11But these words seemed to be nonsense to them, and they did not believe them. 12However, Peter got up and ran to the tomb. Stooping and looking in, he saw the strips of linen lying by themselves. He returned to his home, wondering what had taken place.
Appearance on the road to Emmaus
13It then happened that two of the disciples were going that very day to a village named Emmaus, which was sixty stadia from Jerusalem. 14They were talking with each other about all of these things which had taken place. 15And as they were talking together and discussing this, Jesus himself came near and went along with them. 16However, their eyes were kept from recognizing him. 17He asked them, “What are you talking about as you walk?” And they stopped walking, looking sad.
18One of them, named Cleopas, answered him, “Are you the only stranger in Jerusalem who does not know what has happened there in these days?”
19“What things?” he asked to them.
They replied, “The things concerning Jesus, the Nazarene. He was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people; 20and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him up to be condemned to death, and had him crucified. 21But we were hoping that he was the one who would redeem Israel. Yes, and besides all this, it is now the third day since these things have taken place. 22Also, certain women of our company have puzzled us: having arrived early at the tomb, 23they did not find his body. And they came back saying that they had also seen a vision of angels who said that he was alive. 24Some of us went to the tomb, and found it just as the women had said, but they did not see him.”
25He said to them, “You foolish men. So slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken. 26Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and enter into his glory?” 27And beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he explained to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. 28As they were approaching the village where they were going, he acted as if he would continue on his way.
29“Stay with us.” they urged him, saying, “It is almost evening, and the day is almost over.”
So he went in to stay with them. 30Now, it happened that when he had sat down at the table with them, he took the bread and gave thanks. Breaking it, he gave it to them. 31And their eyes were opened; they knew him, and he vanished out of their sight. 32Then they said one to another, “Were not our hearts burning within us while he spoke to us along the way, and while he opened the Scriptures to us?” 33They rose up that very hour, returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together and those who were with them. 34They were saying, “The Lord is risen indeed, and he has appeared to Simon.” 35Then, the two related what had happened along the way, and how they had recognised him in the breaking of the bread.
Appearance to the disciples
36As they were saying these things, Jesus himself stood among them and said to them, “Peace be to you.”
37But they were startled and frightened, supposing that they had seen a spirit.
38He said to them, “Why are you troubled? Why do doubts arise in your hearts? 39See my hands and my feet, that it is truly me. Touch me and see. A spirit does not have flesh and bones, as you see that I have.” 40When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his feet. 41While they still did not believe for joy and were perplexed, he said to them, “Do you have anything here to eat?”
42They gave him a piece of a broiled fish and a honeycomb from a beehive. 43He took them, and ate in front of them. 44He said to them, “This is what I told you, while I was still with you, that everything written in the law of Moses, the prophets, and the psalms, concerning me must be fulfilled.”
45He then opened their minds, so that they might understand the Scriptures. 46He said to them, “This is what is written, that it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day, 47and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his Name to all the nations, beginning at Jerusalem. 48You are witnesses of these things. 49Behold, I send forth the promise of my Father on you. But wait in the city of Jerusalem until you are clothed with power from on high.”
50He led them out as far as Bethany, lifted up his hands, and blessed them. 51It happened, while he was blessing them, that he withdrew from them and was carried up into heaven. 52They worshipped him and returned to Jerusalem with great joy; 53and they were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.