This Month's Saints and Readings

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January 2020

Fasting Guidelines:
On days designated strict fast we abstain from dairy products, meat, fish, oil and wine. Some seafoods, e.g. squid, crab, roe and prawn, are permitted.

Readings in bold type are those appointed by the Typikon for use at the Liturgy

Wednesday 1st January 2020

Liturgy of St Basil
The Circumcision of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, St. Basil the Great, Archbishop of Cæsarea in Cappadocia (379)
Commemorations:
St. Gregory, bishop of Nazianzus, father of St. Gregory the Theologian (4th C). St. Emelia, mother of SS Macrina, Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa (375). Holy martyr Basil of Ancyra (362). New martyr Peter of The Peloponnese. Holy martyr Theodotos. St. Theodosius of Tryglia, abbot. St. Almachius (391). St. Fulgentius, bishop of Ruspe in North Africa (533)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Maelrhys of the Isle of Bardsey (6th C). SS Elvan and Mydwyn, missionaries of Britain (2nd C). St. Beoc, abbot of Lough Derg (5th C). St. Connat, abbess of Kildare (590). St. Cuan (6th C). St. Fanchea, abbess of Rossory (585). St. Ernan mac Eoghan (c.640).
Readings:
Hebrews 5:11-6:8; Mark 12:28-37
For the Commemoration: Colossians 2:8-12; Luke 2:20-21, 40-52

Thursday 2nd January 2020

Forefeast of The Theophany
Commemorations:
St. Sylvester, pope of Rome (335). St. Cosmas of Constantinople (1081). Repose (1833) and Second Uncovering of the Relics (1991) of St. Seraphim, Wonderworker of Sarov. Righteous Juliana of Lazarevsk (1604). St. Theodata, mother of the first SS Cosmas and Damian (3rd C). Hieromartyr Theogenes, bishop of Parium on the Hellespont (c.320). New Martyr George the Georgian (1770)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Seiriol of Wales (6th C).
Readings:
Hebrews 7:1-6; Mark 12:38-44

Friday 3rd January 2020

Forefeast of The Theophany
Commemorations:
Righteous Prophet Malachi (400 BC). Holy Martyr Gordius at Caesarea in Cappadocia (314). St. Geneviève of Paris (502). St. Peter of Atroa (837). St. Thomais of Lesbos (10th C). Finding of the relics of New Monk-Martyr Ephraim of Nea Makri, in 1950
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Hywyn, companion of St. Cadfan in Cornwall. (6th C). St. Finlugh (Finlag) (6th C). St. Fintan (6th C). SS Fugatius and Damian (2nd C). St. Wenog.
Readings:
Hebrews 7:18-25; Mark 13:1-8

Saturday 4th January 2020

Saturday before the Theophany of Our Lord
Forefeast of The Theophany
Commemorations:
Synaxis of the Seventy Apostles. Holy martyrs abbot Euthymius and twelve monks of Vatopedi Monastery (1276). St. Euthymius the New of Thessalonica, monk (886). St. Theoctistus, abbot of Cuocomo in Sicily (800). New Martyr Onuphrius Manassias the deacon of Chilandar Monastery, Mt. Athos (1818). Repose of St. Eustathius I, archbishop of Serbia (c.1285). Holy martyrs Zosimas the Hermit, and Athanasius the Commentarisius, anchorites of Cilicia (4th C). Holy martyrs Chrysantha and Euphemia.
Readings:
1 Timothy 3:13-4:5; Matthew 3:1-6

Sunday 5th January 2020

Fast day: wine and oil allowed
Tone 4 - Eothinon 7
Sunday before the Theophany of Our Lord
Forefeast of The Theophany
Commemorations:
Hieromartyr Theopemptus, bishop of Nicomedia, and Martyr Theonas (303). St. Syncletica of Alexandria (350). Righteous Prophet Micah (800 BC). Virgin Apollinaria of Egypt (470). SS Phosterius the Hermit and Menas of Sinai (6th C). St. Gregory of Crete, monk (820). New Monk-martyr Romanus of Carpenision, who suffered at Constantinople (1694)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Ruman of Ireland (5th C). St. Cera, abbess (7th C ). St. Kiara (Chier) (c.680).
Readings:
2 Timothy 4:5-8; Mark 1:1-8

Monday 6th January 2020

Liturgy of St Basil
The Theophany of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ
Commemorations:
Venerable Makarios Makris of Vatopedi Monastery on Mt. Athos and Pantocratoros Monastery in Constantinople. New Hieromartyr Romanus of Lacedæmonia (1695)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Edeyrn (6th C). St. Eigrad (6th C). St. Merryn (6th C). St. Diman (658). St. Schotin (6th C). St. Peter, abbot of Canterbury (c.607).
Readings:
For the Commemoration: Titus 2:11-14,3:4-7; Matthew 3:13-17

Tuesday 7th January 2020

Synaxis of the Holy Glorious Prophet, Forerunner and Baptist John
Afterfeast of The Theophany
Commemorations:
New Martyr Athanasius of Attalia and Smyrna (1700)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Brannock of Braunton (6th C). St. Cedd of Lastingham, bishop of the East Saxons (664). St. Cronan Beg, bishop of Aendrum (7th C). St. Kentigerna, mother of St. Foellan (734).
Readings:
Hebrews 9:8-23; Mark 1:16-22
For the Commemoration: Acts 19:1-8; John 1:29-34

Wednesday 8th January 2020

Fast day: strict fast
Afterfeast of The Theophany
Commemorations:
St. George the Chozebite, abbot (7th C). Righteous Prophet Shemaiah (10th C. BC). St. Domnica of Constantinople (c.474). SS Atticus (425) and Cyrus (714), patriarchs of Constantinople. Venerable Gregory, Wonderworker of the Kievan Caves (1093). St. Agatho of Egypt, monk (4th C). St. Emilian the Confessor, bishop of Cyzicus (9th C). Holy martyr Abo the Perfumer of Baghdad, who suffered at Tbilisi, Georgia (786). New-Martyr Kyran. Holy martyr Theophilos the deacon, and Helladius, of Libya (4th C)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Ergnad of Ulster (5th C). St. Albert of Cashel (7th C). St. Pega, anchoress in Northamptonshire (c.719). St. Athelhelm, 20th archbishop of Canterbury (923). St. Wulsin, bishop of Sherborne (1002).
Readings:
Hebrews 10:1-18; Mark 1:23-28

Thursday 9th January 2020

Afterfeast of The Theophany
Commemorations:
Holy martyr Polyeuctus of Melitene in Armenia (259). Hieromartyr Philip, metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia (1569). St. Peter, bishop of Sebaste in Armenia (4th C). St. Eustratius the Wonderworker (9th C). New Martyr Parthena of Edessa in Macedonia (1375)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Adrian of Canterbury, abbot and scholar (710). St. Berhtwald, 8th archbishop of Canterbury (731). St. Foellan of Strathfillan (8th C).
Readings:
Hebrews 10:35-11:7; Mark 1:29-35

Friday 10th January 2020

Fast day: strict fast
Afterfeast of The Theophany
Commemorations:
St. Gregory, bishop of Nyssa (395). St. Theophan the Recluse (1894). Blessed Theosebia the deaconess, wife of St. Gregory of Nyssa (385). St. Marcian, presbyter, of Constantinople (5th C). St. Dometian, bishop of Melitene (601)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Diarmaid, abbot of Innis-Clotran (6th C). St. Thomian, Archbishop of Armagh (c.660). St. Sethrid of East Anglia, abbess in France (7th C).
Readings:
Hebrews 11:8-16; Mark 2:18-22

Saturday 11th January 2020

Saturday after the Theophany of Our Lord
St. Theodosius the Great, the Cœnobiarch of Palestine (529)
Afterfeast of The Theophany
Commemorations:
St. Vitalis of the monastery of Abba Serid at Gaza (620). St. Theodosius of Antioch (c.412). Venerable Theodosios of Philotheou Monastery. St. Michael of Klops Monastery, Fool-for-Christ (ca 1453). SS Theodore and Agapius of Apamea in Syria (306)
British Isles and Ireland:
SS Eithne and Fidelma, daughters of King Laoghaire (433). St. Beandan, abbot (5th C).
Readings:
Ephesians 6:10-17; Matthew 4:1-11
For the Commemoration: Hebrews 13:7-16; Matthew 11:27-30

Sunday 12th January 2020

Tone 5 - Eothinon 8
Sunday after the Theophany of Our Lord
Afterfeast of The Theophany
Commemorations:
Holy martyr Tatiana of Rome and those who suffered with her (3rd C). Holy martyr Mertius of Mauretania (c.305). Virgin-martyr Euthasia. Martyr Philotheus of Antioch (c.305)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Benedict Biscop, 1st abbot of Wearmouth, scholar (690).
Readings:
Ephesians 4:7-13; Matthew 4:12-17

Monday 13th January 2020

Afterfeast of The Theophany
Commemorations:
Holy martyrs Hermylus and Stratonicus of Belgrade (315). St. James, bishop of Nisibis (350). St. Hilary, bishop of Poitiers (369). St. Maximus the Righteous of Kapsokalyvia Skete (1364). St. Eleazar of Anzersk Island at Solovki (1656). Holy martyrs Pachomios and Papyrinos of Greece
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Kentigern (Mungo), 1st bishop of Glasgow and Strathclyde (603). St. Erbin of Cornwall (6th C). St. Elian (6th C).
Readings:
Hebrews 11:17-31; Mark 3:6-12

Tuesday 14th January 2020

Leavetaking of The Theophany
Commemorations:
The Holy Fathers slain at Sinai and Raithu (5th C). St. Nina, Equal-to-the-Apostles and Enlightener of Georgia (355). St. Sava (Sabbas) I, enlightener, and 1st archbishop, of Serbia (1237). Virgin-martyr Agnes (304). St. Theodulus, son of St. Nilus of Sinai (5th C).
Readings:
Hebrews 12:25-27,13:22-25; Mark 3:13-21

Wednesday 15th January 2020

Fast day: strict fast
Commemorations:
SS Paul of Thebes in Egypt (341) and John Kalyvites ("the Hut-dweller") in Constantinople, monks (450). Monk-Martyr Pansophius of Alexandria (c.251). St. Maurus, disciple of St. Benedict (584). St. Gabriel, founder of Lesnovo Monastery, Serbia-Bulgaria (11th C)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Ita of Killeedy, nun (570). St. Teath of Wales, daughter of King Brychan (6th C). St. Lleudadd, abbot of Bardsey (6th C). St. Sawl, father of St. Asaph (6th C). St. Ceolwulf, King of Northumbria, monk (764). Hieromartyr Blaithmaic, abbot of Iona (823).
Readings:
James 1:1-18; Mark 3:20-27

Thursday 16th January 2020

The Veneration of the Precious Chains of the Holy Apostle Peter
Commemorations:
St. Honoratus, archbishop of Arles and founder of Lerins Monastery (429). St. Romilos, monk of Mt Athos, disciple of St. Gregory of Sinai, and with him SS Nestor, Martinius, Daniel, Sisoes, Zosimas, and Gregory (1375). New Hieromartyr Damaskinos (1771). Blessed Maximus the priest, of Totma, Vologda, Fool-for-Christ (1650). Holy martyrs Pseusippus, Eleusippus, and Meleusippus the brothers, their grandmother Leonilla, and with them Neon, Turbo, and Jonilla, in Cappadocia (c.180). St. Macarius Kalogeras, hierodeacon of Patmos
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Fursey of Burgh Castle, Enlightener of East Anglia (650). St. Dunchaid O'Braoin, abbot of Clonmacnoise (988).
Readings:
James 1:19-27; Mark 3:28-35
For the Commemoration: Acts 12:1-11; John 21:14-25

Friday 17th January 2020

Fast day: wine and oil allowed
Our Venerable and God-bearing Father Anthony the Great (356)
Commemorations:
St. Anthony the New, ascetic of Berrea in Macedonia (11th C). New-martyr George of Ioannina (1838). St. Theodosius the Great, Emperor of Rome (395)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Nennius, disciple of St. Ninian (6th C). St. Mildgyth of Lyminge, virgin (676).
Readings:
James 2:1-13; Mark 4:1-9
For the Commemoration: Hebrews 13:17-21; Luke 6:17-23

Saturday 18th January 2020

St Athanasius the Great (373) and St Cyril (444), Archbishops of Alexandria
Commemorations:
Holy martyr Theodula and her companions Helladius, Boethius, Evagrius and Macarius of Anazarbus in Cilicia, (304). St. Marcian of Cyrrhus in Syria, monk (c.303). St. Maximus of Serbia (1546)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Deicola of Bangor (6th C). St. Wilfrid (Ulfrid), missionary and martyr in Sweden (1028).
Readings:
Colossians 1:1-6; Matthew 22:15-22
For the Commemoration: Hebrews 13:7-16; Matthew 5:14-19

Sunday 19th January 2020

Tone 6 - Eothinon 9
29th after Pentecost, 12th of Luke
Commemorations:
Holy and Venerable Macarius the Great of Egypt (390) and St. Macarius of Alexandria (394). Holy and Venerable Mark Eugenikos, metropolitan of Ephesus, Pillar of Orthodoxy (1445). St. Sulpice, bishop of Bourges (c.647). St. Meletius, Confessor of Mt. Galesion, monk (1286)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Branwalader (Breward) bishop of Jersey (6th C). St. Nathalan, bishop of Tullicht (c.678).
Readings:
Colossians 3:4-11; Luke 17:12-19

Monday 20th January 2020

Our Holy and Godbearing Father Euthymios the Great of Palestine (473)
Commemorations:
New Martyr Zacharias in Patrai in Morea (1782). St. Leo the Great, confessor, Emperor of the East (474). Blessed Peter the Customs Inspector of Constantinople (6th C). Holy Martyr Sebastian (288)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Fechin, abbot of Fobhar (664). St. Molagga, disciple of St. David and abbot of Fermoy (664).
Readings:
James 2:14-26; Mark 4:10-23
For the Commemoration: 2 Corinthians 4:6-15; Luke 6:17-23

Tuesday 21st January 2020

Commemorations:
Holy and Venerable Maximus the Confessor (662). Holy Martyrs Zosimos and Neophytos (305). Venerable Maxim the Greek (1556). Virgin-Martyr Agnes of Rome (304). Holy martyr Anastasius, disciple of St. Maximus the Confessor (662)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Brigid of Kilbride (6th C). St. Wynnin, bishop and abbot of Holywood (6th C). St. Lawdog of Wales (6th C). St. Macallan, hermit and abbot (978).
Readings:
James 3:1-10; Mark 4:24-34

Wednesday 22nd January 2020

Fast day: strict fast
Commemorations:
Apostle Timothy of the Seventy (96). St. Vincent the deacon, Protomartyr of Spain (4th C). Monk-Martyr Anastasius the Persian (628). St. Joseph Samakus the Sanctified of Crete
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Brihtwald of Ramsbury (1045).
Readings:
James 3:11-4:6; Mark 4:35-41

Thursday 23rd January 2020

Commemorations:
Hieromartyr Clement, bishop of Ancyra, and Martyr Agathangelus (312). St. Paulinus the Merciful, bishop of Nola (431). St. Eusebius the Recluse of Mt Coryphe near Antioch (5th C). St. Mausimas the Syrian (4th C). St. Salamanes the Hesychast of the Euphrates (390). Commemoration of the Holy Fathers of the Sixth Ecumenical Council (680-681). St. Dionysius of Olympus (1540)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Colman of Lismore (c.702). Holy Martyr Maimbod (c.880).
Readings:
James 4:7-5:9; Mark 5:1-20

Friday 24th January 2020

Fast day: strict fast
Commemorations:
St. Xenia of Rome and her two female slaves (5th C). St. Xenia, the Fool-for-Christ of St. Petersburg (18th C). Holy martyrs Babylas of Sicily and his two disciples: Timothy and Agapius (3rd C). St. Philotheus, founder of Philotheou Monastery (10th C). St. Neophytos the Anchorite, of Cyprus (1214). St. Philo, bishop of Kalpa in Cyprus (5th C). Hieromartyr Felician, bishop of Foligno (254)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Guasacht, bishop of Granard (5th C). St. Cadoc of Wales (588).
Readings:
1 Peter 1:1,2,10-12,2:6-10; Mark 5:22-24,35-6:1

Saturday 25th January 2020

St Gregory (Nazianzus) the Theologian, archbishop of Constantinople (389)
Commemorations:
Holy martyrs Felicitas of Rome, and her seven sons: Januarius, Felix, Philip, Silvanus, Alexander, Vitalis, and Martial (c.164). St. Mares the Singer of Syria (430). Venerable Demetrios. New Martyr Auxentius of Constantinople (1720). New Hieromartyr Vladimir, metropolitan of Kiev, Protomartyr of the communist yoke (1918)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Eochod, apostle of the Picts of Galloway (597). St. Dwynwen of Wales (460). St. Sigebert, King of the East Angles and Martyr (635). St. Thordgyth of Barking, nun (700).
Readings:
1 Thessalonians 5:14-23; Matthew 23:1-12
For the Commemoration: Hebrews 7:26-8:2; John 10:9-16

Sunday 26th January 2020

Tone 7 - Eothinon 10
32nd after Pentecost, 15th of Luke
Commemorations:
St. Xenophon, his wife, Mary, and their two sons, Arcadius and John, of Constantinople (6th C). St. Symeon "the Ancient", Hermit at Amanus Mons, Cilicia (390). Translation of the relics of St. Theodore, abbot of the Studion (845). St. Joseph, bishop of Thessalonica, brother of St. Theodore of the Studion (830)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Conan, bishop of Sodor and Man (648).
Readings:
1 Timothy 4:9-15; Luke 19:1-10

Monday 27th January 2020

Translation of the Relics of St John Chrysostom (437), Archbishop of Constantinople
Commemorations:
St. Peter of Egypt (4th C). New Martyr Demetrius at Constantinople (1784)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Natalis of Ulster (6th C).
Readings:
1 Peter 2:21-3:9; Mark 5:24-34
For the Commemoration: Hebrews 7:26-8:2; John 10:9-16

Tuesday 28th January 2020

Commemorations:
St. Ephraim the Syrian (373). St. Palladius the Hermit of Antioch (4th C). St. Isaac the Syrian, bishop of Nineveh (7th C). St. James the Ascetic of Porphyreon in Palestine (6th C). St. Theodosius, abbot of Totma, Vologda (1568)
British Isles and Ireland:
Holy Pilgrim-Martyrs Brigid and Maura (4th C). St. Cannera of Bantry (530). St. Glastian of Kiunglassie (830). St. John the Wise of Malmesbury, monk (8th C).
Readings:
1 Peter 3:10-22; Mark 6:1-7

Wednesday 29th January 2020

Fast day: strict fast
Commemorations:
Translation of the relics of Hieromartyr Ignatius the Godbearer of Antioch (107). St. Sulpicius Severus, disciple of St. Martin of Tours (406). New Martyr Demetrios of Chios (1802). St. Laurence, Recluse of the Kievan Caves and bishop of Turov (1194)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Gildas the Wise, abbot of Llanilltud and Brittany (c.570). St. Blath (Flora) of Kildare (523). St. Dallan Forgaill, martyr (598). St. Voloc, bishop in Scotland (c.724).
Readings:
1 Peter 4:1-11; Mark 6:7-13

Thursday 30th January 2020

Synaxis of the Three Great Hierarchs and Ecumenical Teachers: Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian, and John Chrysostom
Commemorations:
Hieromartyr Hippolytus, pope of Rome and those with him at Ostia (269). St. Zeno, hermit at Antioch (5th C). New Martyr Chatzi-Theodore in Mytilene (1784). Holy Martyr Theophilus the New in Cyprus (784)
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Tudy, virgin, daughter of King Brychan of Brecknock (5th C). St. Bathild, Queen of France (680). St. Amnichad, hermit (1043).
Readings:
1 Peter 4:12-5:5; Mark 6:30-45
For the Commemoration: Hebrews 13:7-16; Matthew 5:14-19

Friday 31st January 2020

Fast day: strict fast
Commemorations:
Holy Wonderworkers and Unmercenaries Cyrus and John and those with them at Canopus in Egypt (311). St. Nikita of the Kievan Caves, bishop of Novgorod (1108). St. Arsenius of Paros (1877). New Martyr Elias Ardiunes at Kalamata (1686). Holy martyr Papias of Corinth
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Aidan (Maedoc), bishop of Ferns (626). St. Melangell, virgin-recluse of Montgomeryshire (6th C). St. .Adamnan of Coldingham, monk (680). St. Wilgils, Hermit of the Humber (7th C). Holy Martyr Eusebius the Scot (884).
Readings:
2 Peter 1:1-10; Mark 6:45-53

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
In developing the software to generate this monthly calendar we gratefully acknowledge our dependence on many sources, prominent among them being :-
For the synaxaria of the Saints: Michael Purcell (of the Saint John (Maximovich) the Wonderworker Orthodox Church, Atlanta, GA.) and his very impressive software program Menologion; and Father Andrew Phillips whose web site Orthodox England has, amongst its many jewels, a list of the Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome. Thank you, both – and Many Years!
For the ranking of the major commemorations and related guidance: The Typikon Charts published by the St Raphael Brotherhood of the Antiochian Diocese of Wichita and Mid-America.
For the matters relating to the Lectionary: The admirably detailed notes included in the Epistle and Gospel Lectionaries published by the Centre for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies, Etna, Ca.; together with the annual Kanonion issued by the Phanar.
For the Fasting rules and many other details: The Antiochian Book of the Typikon as translated by Bishop Khoury and edited by Archpriest John W Morris.
Errors in the calendar will inevitably emerge, and for these we apologise. We should be grateful if you would inform us of any you discover.