This Month's Saints and Readings

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April 2019

Fasting Guidelines:
On days designated strict fast we abstain from dairy products, meat, fish, oil and wine. Some seafoods, e.g. squid, crab, roe and prawn, are permitted.

Readings in bold type are those appointed by the Typikon for use at the Liturgy

Monday 1st April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
St. Mary of Egypt (522). St. Euthymius of Suzdal, monk (1404). Holy martyrs Gerontius and Basilides (3rd C).
British Isles and Ireland:
SS Caidoc and Fricor (Adrian) (7th C). St. Agilbert, bishop of Dorchester-on-Thames (ca. 690). St. Cellach, archbishop of Armagh (9th C).
Readings:
Isaiah 14:24-32; Genesis 8:21-9:7; Proverbs 11:19-12:6

Tuesday 2nd April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
St. Titus the Wonderworker (9th C). Holy martyrs Aedesios and Amphianos of Lycia (306). Virgin-martyr Theodora of Palestine. Holy martyr Polycarp of Alexandria (313).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Bronach. St. Constantine II, king of Scotland (874). St. Rufus of Glendalough.
Readings:
Isaiah 25:1-9; Genesis 9:8-17; Proverbs 12:8-22

Wednesday 3rd April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
St. Nicetas the Confessor, abbot of Medikion (824). St. Joseph the Hymnographer (883). Virgin-martyr Theodosia of Tyre, and Holy martyr Irene (308). New martyr Paul the Russian and John at Constantinople (1683).
Readings:
Isaiah 26:21-27:9; Genesis 9:18-10:1; Proverbs 12:23-13:9

Thursday 4th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
St. George of Mt. Maleon in the Peloponnesus (9th C). St. Plato the Confessor, abbot of the Studion (814). St. Zosimas, of Palestine (4th C). Holy martyrs Agathopodes the deacon, Theodulus the reader, and those with them, at Thessalonica (ca. 303. St. Isidore, bishop of Seville (636). St. Theonas, metropolitan of Thessalonica (1541). Hieromartyr Nicetas, struggler of Serrai (1808). Translation of the relics (1652) of St. Job, patriarch of Moscow (1607).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Tigernach, abbot of Clones (549). St. Gwerir, hermit of Liskeard.
Readings:
Isaiah 28:14-22; Genesis 10:32-11:9; Proverbs 13:20-14:16

Friday 5th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
Monk-Martyrs Claudius, Diodore, Victor, Victorin, and those with them (3rd C). Holy martyrs Theodora and Didymus of Alexandria (305). Righteous Theodora, nun, of Thessalonica (892). New martyr George of New Ephesus (1801).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Began, abbot of Kill-Beggan (6th C). St. Derfel-Gadarn, hermit of Llanderfel (6th C).
Readings:
Isaiah 29:13-23; Genesis 12:1-7; Proverbs 14:15-26

Saturday 6th April 2019

Lenten Fast: wine and oil allowed
Soul Sabbath
Commemorations:
St. Eutychius, patriarch of Constantinople (582). St. Methodius, Equal-to-the-Apostles, archbishop of Moravia and Enlightener of the Slavs (885). Venerable Platonida of Nisibis (308). St. Gregory of St. Athanasius' Monastery on Mt. Athos, Instructor of St. Gregory Palamas (1308). 120 Martyrs of Persia (345). St. Gregory the Sinaite (1346). New monk-martyr Gennadius of Dionysiou, Mt. Athos, who suffered at Constantinople (1818). New martyrs Manuel, Theodore, George, Michael, and another George, of Samothrace (1835).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Elfstan of Abingdon (981). St. Berthanc of Iona (ca. 840). St. Ulched of Llechulched.
Readings:
Hebrews 6:9-12; Mark 7:31-37
For the Departed: 1 Corinthians 15:47-57; John 5:24-30

Sunday 7th April 2019

Lenten Fast: wine and oil allowed
Tone 4 - Eothinon 1
Liturgy of St Basil
4th of Great Lent – Sunday of our Holy Father St John Climacus
Commemorations:
Holy martyr Calliopus at Pompeiopolis in Cilicia (304). Holy martyrs Rufinus the deacon, Aquilina, and 200 soldiers with them at Sinope (ca. 310). St. George the Confessor, bishop of Mitylene (ca. 820). New Hieromartyr Tikhon, patriarch of Moscow and All Russia [25th March O.C.] (1925). St. Savas the New of Kalymnos (1948).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Brynach, hermit of Pembroke (5th C). SS Gwrnerth and Llewellyn (6th C). St. Finan Cam, disciple of St. Brendan the Voyager (6th C).
Readings:
Hebrews 6:13-20; Mark 9:17-31

Monday 8th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
Holy Apostle-martyrs of the Seventy: Herodion, Agabus, Asyncritus, Rufus, Phlegon, Hermes, and those with them (1st C). St. Celestine, pope of Rome (432). St. Rufus the Obedient of the Kievan Caves (14thC). New martyr John Naukliros ("the Skipper"") in Thessaly (1699)."
Readings:
Isaiah 37:33-38:6; Genesis 13:12-18; Proverbs 14:27-15:4

Tuesday 9th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
Martyr Eupsychius of Caesarea in Cappadocia (362). Monk-martyr Bademus (Vadim) of Persia and his seven disciples (376). Newly-revealed martyrs Raphael, Nicholas, and Irene of Lesbos (1463). Venerable Simeon The New Theologian (1032).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Nathy, abbot of Achonny, Sligo (610). St. Madrun (5th C). St. Dotto of Orkney (6th C). Holy Martyr Hedda, abbot of Peterborough and those monks with him (869). Holy Martyr Theodore, abbot of Crowland and those monks with him (869).
Readings:
Isaiah 40:18-31; Genesis 15:1-15; Proverbs 15:7-19

Wednesday 10th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
Holy martyrs Terence, Pompeius, Africanus, Maximus, Zeno, Alexander, Theodore, Macarius, and 33 others, beheaded at Carthage (3rd C). New hieromartyr Gregory V, patriarch of Constantinople (1821). The holy nun-martyrs of the Kvabtakhevi Convent, Georgia, who suffered during the invasion of Tamerlane (ca. 1400). New martyr Demas of Smyrna (1763). Holy Father Theona, archbishop of Thessolonica.
British Isles and Ireland:
Monk-martyrs Beocca and Hethor at Chertsey, martyred by the Danes (869).
Readings:
Isaiah 41:4-14; Genesis 17:1-9; Proverbs 15:20-16:9

Thursday 11th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Thursday of the Great Canon of St. Andrew
Commemorations:
Hieromartyr Antipas, bishop of Pergamon, disciple of St. John the Theologian (92). St. Pharmuthius the Anchorite (5th C). St. Callinicus of Cernica, bishop of Rimnicului in Romania (1868).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Machai, disciple of St. Patrick (5th C). St. Maedhog, abbot of Clonmore (6th C). St. Guthlac, Hermit and Wonderworker of Crowland (714).
Readings:
Isaiah 42:5-16; Genesis 18:20-33; Proverbs 16:17-17:17

Friday 12th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
St. Basil the Confessor, bishop of Parium (8th C). Mother Anthousa the Righteous of Constantinople (801). Venerable Acacius the Younger of Kafsokalyvia Skete (1730).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Wigbert, Monk and Missionary (690).
Readings:
Isaiah 45:11-17; Genesis 22:1-18; Proverbs 17:17-18:5

Saturday 13th April 2019

Lenten Fast: wine and oil allowed
Saturday of the Akathist to the Most Holy Theotokos
Commemorations:
St. Martin the Confessor, pope of Rome (655). Hieromartyr Artemon, presbyter, of Laodicea in Syria (303). Holy martyr Zoilus of Rome (4th C). Holy martyr Eleutherius of Persia (4th C).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Guinoc, Scottish bishop (ca. 838).
Readings:
Hebrews 9:24-28; Mark 8:27-31
For the Theotokos: Hebrews 9:1-7; Luke 10:38-42,11:27-28

Sunday 14th April 2019

Lenten Fast: wine and oil allowed
Tone 5 - Eothinon 2
Liturgy of St Basil
5th of Great Lent - Sunday of our Holy Mother, Mary of Egypt
Commemorations:
Holy Apostles of the Seventy: Aristarchus, Pudens and Trophimus (ca. 67). Holy Martyr Ardalion the Actor, who suffered under Maximian (3rd C). Holy Martyr Thomais of Alexandria (5th C). Monk-martyr Christopher of Mar Sabbas (797). New martyr Demetrius of the Peloponnesus, who suffered at Tripoli (1803).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Tassach, 1st bishop of Raholp and disciple of St. Patrick (ca. 497).
Readings:
Hebrews 9:11-14; Mark 10:32-45

Monday 15th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
Holy martyr Crescens of Myra (3rd C). Hieromartyr Leonidas, bishop of Athens (250). New martyr Michael of Smyrna. The nine monk-martyrs of Corinth.
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Ruadhan, hermit and abbot of Lothra (584). St. Mundus, abbot in Argyle (ca. 962).
Readings:
Isaiah 48:17-49:4; Genesis 27:1-41; Proverbs 19:16-25

Tuesday 16th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
Virgin-Martyrs Agape, Irene and Chionia, in Illyria (304). Holy martyrs Leonidas, Chariessa, Nice, Galina, Callista, Nunechia, Basilissa, Theodora, and Irene, of Corinth (258). New martyr Michael Burliotes of Smyrna (1772). Monk-martyr Christopher of Dionysiou, Mt. Athos, who suffered at Adrianople (1818). Hieromartyr Nikita of St. Anne Skete on Athos. St. Theodora-Bassa, princess of Novgorod (1378).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Padarn, Missionary and Wonderworker, founder of Llanbadarn Fawr (550).
Readings:
Isaiah 49:6-10; Genesis 31:3-16; Proverbs 21:3-21

Wednesday 17th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
Hieromartyr Simeon, bishop in Persia, and those with him (344). Repose of St. Macarius of Corinth (1805). St. Agapitus, pope of Rome (536). St. Zosimas, abbot of Solovki (1478). Uncovering the relics of St. Alexander, abbot of Svir (1641). Holy martyr Adrian of Corinth (251).
British Isles and Ireland:
Hieromartyr Donnan of Eigg and fifty-two monks with him (616).
Readings:
Isaiah 58:1-11; Genesis 43:26-31, 45:1-16; Proverbs 21:23-22:4

Thursday 18th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
St. John the Righteous, disciple of St. Gregory of Decapolis (9th C). St. Euthymius the Enlightener of Karelia (1435), and SS Anthony and Felix of St. Nicholas monastery in Karelia. St. Cosmas, bishop of Chalcedon, and his fellow-ascetic St. Auxentius (820). New martyr John the New of Epirus (1526).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Laserian of Innismurray and Arran (639). St. Deicola, abbot of Bosham (7th C). St. Cogitosus of Kildare (8th C).
Readings:
Isaiah 65:8-16; Genesis 46:1-7; Proverbs 23:15-24:5

Friday 19th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Commemorations:
Hieromartyr Paphnutios of Jerusalem. Hieromartyr Theodore of Perge in Pamphylia, his mother Philippa, and Martyrs Dioscorus, Socrates, and Dionysius (2nd C). St. Tryphon, patriarch of Constantinople (933). New martyr Agathangelus of Esphigmenou Monastery, Mt. Athos (1819). Venerable Symeon the Barefoot of Philotheou Monastery, Mt. Athos. Venerable John of the Old Lavra in Palestine (8th C). St. George the Confessor, bishop of Antioch in Pisidia (820).
British Isles and Ireland:
Hieromartyr Alphege, 29th archbishop of Canterbury (1012).
Readings:
Isaiah 66:10-24; Genesis 49:33-50:26; Proverbs 31:8-31

Saturday 20th April 2019

Lenten Fast: wine and oil allowed
Saturday of Holy and Righteous Lazarus
Commemorations:
St. Theodore Trichinas ("the Hairshirt Wearer""), hermit (400). Apostle Zacchaeus, bishop of Caesarea (1st C). Hieromartyr Anastasius II, patriarch of Antioch (610). SS Athanasius (1380) and Ioasaph (1423) of Meteora, abbots. SS Gregory (593) and Anastasius the Sinaite (599), patriarchs of Antioch."
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Caedwalla, King of Wessex (689).
Readings:
Hebrews 12:28-13:8; John 11:1-45

Sunday 21st April 2019

Lenten Fast: fish, wine and oil allowed
Tone of the feast - Eothinon of the feast
The Entry of Our Lord into Jerusalem – Palm Sunday
Commemorations:
Hieromartyr Januarius, bishop of Benevento, and his companions at Pozzuoli (305). St. Maximian, patriarch of Constantinople (434). Hieromartyr Theodore of Pergamum in Pamphylia, his mother Philippa, and Martyrs Dioscorus, Socrates, and Dionysius (2nd C).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Beuno, abbot of Clynnog Fawr (ca. 640). St. Maelruba of Applecross (722).
Readings:
Philippians 4:4-9; John 12:1-18

Monday 22nd April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Holy and Great Monday
Commemorations:
Apostles Nathaniel, Luke, and Clement (1st C). St. Theodore the Sykeote, bishop of Anastasiopolis (613). St. Vitalis, monk of Gaza (7th C). Translation of the relics of St. Vsevolod (in Holy Baptism Gabriel), prince of Pskov (1138). Holy martyr Epipodius of Lyons (178). Holy martyr Nearchos.
Readings:
Ezekiel 1:1-20; Exodus 1:1-20; Job 1:1-12; Matthew 21:18-43; Matthew 24:3-35;

Tuesday 23rd April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Holy and Great Tuesday
Commemorations:
Holy martyr Alexandra the Empress, wife of Diocletian (303). Holy Martyrs Glycerius, Athanasius the Magician, Valerius, Donatus, and Therinus at Nicomedia (303). New martyr George of Ptolomais (1752). New martyr Lazarus of Bulgaria who suffered at Pergamus (1802).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Ibar of Leinster (5th C).
Readings:
Ezekiel 1:21-28; Exodus 2:5-10; Job 1:13-22 ; Matthew 22:15-23:39; Matthew 24:36-26:2;

Wednesday 24th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Holy and Great Wednesday
Commemorations:
Holy Martyr Sabbas Stratelates ("the General"") of Rome, and 70 soldiers with him (272). St. Elizabeth the Wonderworker of Constantinople (540). Holy martyr Alexander of Lyons (177). St. Thomas the Fool-for-Christ, of Syria (550). New martyr Luke the tailor of Mytilene (1564). New martyr Doukas of Mitylene (1752). New martyr Nicholas of Magnesia (1795). St. Elias (Iorest) (1678) and St. Sava (Brancovici) (1683), metropolitans of Ardeal, confessors against the Calvinists."
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Mellitus, 3rd archbishop of Canterbury (624). St. Egbert of Lindisfarne (729). St. Dyfnan, son of King Brychan. St. Ivo, hermit of Huntingdonshire (1001).
Readings:
Ezekiel 2:3-3:3; Exodus 2:11-22; Job 2:1-10; John 12:17-50; Matthew 26:6-16;

Thursday 25th April 2019

Lenten Fast: wine and oil allowed
Liturgy of St Basil
Holy and Great Thursday
Commemorations:
St. Macedonius, patriarch of Constantinople (516). New martyrs Emmanuel, Theodore, Gregory, Michael and the other Gregory at Macre of Alexandropoulos.
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Macaille, bishop of Croghan (489). St. Mella, abbess of Doire-Melle (ca. 780).
Readings:
1 Corinthians 11:23-32; Luke 22:1-39; Matthew 26:2-20; John 13:3-17; Matthew 26:21-39; Luke 22:43-45; Matthew 26:40-27:2
Jeremiah 11:18-12:5,9-11,14-15; Exodus 19:10-19; Job 38:1-23,42:1-5; Isaiah 50:4-11

Friday 26th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast
Holy and Great Friday
Commemorations:
Hieromartyr Basil, bishop of Amasea (ca. 322). Righteous virgin Glaphyra (322). St. Stephen, bishop of Perm (1396). St. George of Cyprus (1091). St. Joannicius of Devich in Serbia (13th C).
Readings:
The Royal Hours - 1st Hour: Zechariah 11:10-13; Galatians 6:14-18; Matthew 27:1-56; 3rd Hour: Isaiah 50:4-11; Romans 5:6-11; Mark 15:16-41; 6th Hour: Isaiah 52:13-53:12; Hebrews 2:11-18; Luke 23:32-49; 9th Hour: Jeremiah 11:18-23;12:1-5,9-11,14-15; Hebrews 10:19-31; John 18:28-19:37; Twelve Passion Gospels of Matins: John 13:31-18:1; John 18:1-28; Matthew 26:57-75; John 18:28-19:16; Matthew 27:3-32; Mark 15:16-32; Matthew 27:33-54; Luke 23:32-49; John 19:25-37; Mark 15:43-47; John 19:38-42; Matthew 27:62-66; Vespers: Exodus 33:11-23; Job 42:12-17; Isaiah 52:13-54:1; 1 Corinthians 1:18-2:2; Matthew 27:1-38; Luke 23:39-43; Matthew 27:39-54; John 19:31-37; Matthew 27:55-61

Saturday 27th April 2019

Lenten Fast: strict fast, wine allowed
Liturgy of St Basil
Holy and Great Saturday
Commemorations:
Hieromartyr Simeon, the kinsman of the Lord (107). St. Eulogius the Hospitable, of Constantinople (6th C). St. Stephen, abbot of the Kievan Caves and bishop of Vladimir in Volhynia (1094). Burning of the relics of St. Sava I of Serbia by the Turks (1595).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Asic, bishop of Elphin (490). Holy martyr Newlyna of Cornwall, (5th C). St. Enoder (6th C). St. Winewald, abbot of Beverley (751).
Readings:
Romans 6:3-11; Matthew 28:1-20
Matins: Ezekiel 37:1-14; 1 Corinthians 5:6-8; Galatians 3:13-14; Matthew 27:62-66; Vespers: Genesis 1:1-13; Isaiah 60:1-16; Exodus 12:1-11; Jonah 1:1-4:11; Joshua 5:10-15; Exodus 13:20-15:19; Zephaniah 3:8-15; 3 Kingdoms 17:8-24; Isaiah 61:10-62:5; Genesis 22:1-18; Isaiah 61:1-9; 4 Kingdoms 4:8-37; Isaiah 63:11-64:5; Jeremiah 38:31-34; Daniel 3:1-23; Hymn of the Three Holy Children 1:1-67

Sunday 28th April 2019

Tone of the feast - Eothinon 2
THE LORD'S PASCHA - The Glorious Resurrection of Our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ – The Feast of Feasts!
Commemorations:
Nine Martyrs of Cyzicus: Theognes, Rufus, Antipater, Theostichus, Artemas, Magnus, Theodotus, Thaumasius, and Philemon (3rd C). St. Memnon the Wonderworker of Corfu. Holy martyr John of Romania.
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Cronan, abbot of Roscrea (7th C). St. Gerard the Pilgrim (639).
Readings:
Acts 1:1-8; John 1:1-17

Monday 29th April 2019

Bright Monday
Holy Glorious Great Martyr, Trophybearer and Wonderworker George (303) (Transferred from April 23rd)
Commemorations:
Apostles Jason and Sosipater of the Seventy, the Virgin Cercyra, and those with them, at Corfu (1st C). St. John, metropolitan of Thebes, the New Merciful One (12th C). Holy new martyr Theodore of Byzantium, who died at Mytilene (1784). St. Basil, bishop of Ostrog in Montenegro (16th C). New Martyr Nectarius of Optina (1928).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Dictinus the Swineherd, of Ulster (5th C). St. Endellion, Virgin recluse in Cornwall (6th C). St. Fiachan of Munster (7th C). St. Senan, hermit of North Wales (7th C). St. Swithbert the Younger, bishop and missionary (807). St. Wilfrid the Younger, archbishop of York (744).
Readings:
Acts 1:12-17, 21-26; John 1:18-28
For the Commemoration: Acts 12:1-11; John 15:17-16:2

Tuesday 30th April 2019

Bright Tuesday
Holy Apostle and Evangelist Mark (1st C) (Transferred from April 25th)
Commemorations:
New Martyr Argyri at Constantinople (1725). St. Clement the Hymnographer, abbot of the Studion (9th C). St. Donatus, bishop of Euroea in Epirus (ca. 387). St. Ignatii Brianchaninov (1867).
British Isles and Ireland:
St. Erconwald, bishop of London (ca. 693). St. Cynwl, hermit (6th C).
Readings:
Acts 2:14-21; Luke 24:12-35
For the Commemoration: 1 Peter 5:6-14; Luke 10:16-21

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
In developing the software to generate this monthly calendar we gratefully acknowledge our dependence on many sources, prominent among them being :-
For the synaxaria of the Saints: Michael Purcell (of the Saint John (Maximovich) the Wonderworker Orthodox Church, Atlanta, GA.) and his very impressive software program Menologion; and Father Andrew Phillips whose web site Orthodox England has, amongst its many jewels, a list of the Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome. Thank you, both – and Many Years!
For the ranking of the major commemorations and related guidance: The Typikon Charts published by the St Raphael Brotherhood of the Antiochian Diocese of Wichita and Mid-America.
For the matters relating to the Lectionary: The admirably detailed notes included in the Epistle and Gospel Lectionaries published by the Centre for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies, Etna, Ca.; together with the annual Kanonion issued by the Phanar.
For the Fasting rules and many other details: The Antiochian Book of the Typikon as translated by Bishop Khoury and edited by Archpriest John W Morris.
Errors in the calendar will inevitably emerge, and for these we apologise. We should be grateful if you would inform us of any you discover.